Indian Armed Forces Gallantry Awards

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  1. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

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    The Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is India's highest military decoration awarded for the highest degree of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy, similar to the British Victoria Cross, US Medal of Honor, or French Legion of Honor or Russian Cross of St. George. It can be, and often has been, awarded posthumously.
    Param Vir means "Bravest of the Brave" in Sanskrit. (Param = Highest; Vīr = Brave (warrior); Chakra = wheel/medal).
    The PVC was established on 26 January 1950 (the date of India becoming a republic), by the President of India, with effect from 15 August 1947 (the date of Indian independence). It can be awarded to officers or enlisted personnel from all branches of the Indian military. It is the second highest award of the government of India after Bharat Ratna (amendment in the statute on 26 January 1980 resulted in this order of wearing). It replaced the former British colonial Victoria Cross (VC), (see List of Indian Victoria Cross recipients).
    Provision was made for the award of a bar for second (or subsequent) awards of the Param Vir Chakra. To date, there have been no such awards. Award of the decoration carries with it the right to use P.V.C. as a postnominal abbreviation.
    The Ashoka Chakra is the peace time equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra, and is awarded for the "most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice" other than in the face of the enemy. The decoration may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel and may be awarded posthumously Ashoka Chakra Award.
    The award also carries a cash allowance for those under the rank of lieutenant (or the appropriate service equivalent) and, in some cases, a cash award. On the death of the recipient, the pension is transferred to the widow until her death or remarriage. The paltry amount of the pension has been a rather controversial issue throughout the life of the decoration. By March 1999, the stipend stood at Rs. 1500 per month. In addition, many states have established individual pension rewards that far exceeds the central government's stipend for the recipients of the decoration.
    Subedar Major Bana Singh of the Eighth Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry was the only serving personnel of the Indian defence establishment with a Param Vir Chakra till the Kargil operations.

    The medal was designed by Savitri Khanolkar (born Eva Yuonne Linda Maday-de-Maros to a Hungarian father and Russian mother) who was married to an Indian Army officer, Vikram Khanolkar. This was done following a request from the first native Adjutant General, Major General Hira Lal Atal, who in turn had been entrusted with the responsibility of coming up with an Indian equivalent of the Victoria Cross by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of the Indian Union. Coincidentally, the first Param Vir Chakra was awarded to her son-in-law, Major Somnath Sharma for his bravery in the Kashmir operations in November 1947. He died while evicting Pakistani infiltrators and raiders from the Srinagar Airport. This was when India and newly-formed Pakistan had the first war over the Kashmir issue.
    The medal is a circular bronze disc 1.375 inches (3.49 cm) in diameter. The state emblem appears in the center, on a raised circle. Surrounding this, four replicas of Indra's Vajra (the all-powerful mythic weapon of the ancient Vedic King of Gods). The decoration is suspended from a straight swiveling suspension bar. It is named on the edge.
    On the rear, around a plain center, are two legends separated by lotus flowers. The words Param Vir Chakra are written in Hindi and English.

    Ribbon of the Param Vir Chakra
    A purple ribbon, 32 millimetres (1.3 in) long, holds the Param Vir Chakra. The medal symbolizes Rishi Dadhichi, who had donated his bones to the Gods for making Vajra. It has an image of Shivaji's sword Bhawani on the other side. The Indian General Service Medial (1947) also contains the Bhavani sword.
     
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  3. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

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    Maha Vir Chakra

    The Maha Vira Chakra (MVC) is the second highest military decoration in India and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. It may be awarded posthumously. Literally Maha Vira Chakra means wheel of a great hero. In Sanskrit Maha = Great, Vira = Hero and Chakra = Wheel. The medal is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. Embossed on the obverse is a five pointed heraldic star with circular center-piece bearing the gilded state emblem of India in the center. The words "Mahavira Chakra" are embossed in Devanagari and English on the reverse with two lotus flowers in the middle. The decoration is worn on the left breast with a half-white and half-orange riband about 3.2 cm in width, the orange being near the left shoulder.
    More than 155 acts of bravery and selfless courage have been recognized since the inception of the medal. The most MVCs awarded in a single conflict was in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, when eleven were given to the Indian Air Force.
    Provision was made for the award of a bar for a second award of the Maha Vira Chakra, the first two being awarded in 1965. To date, there are six known awards of a first bar: Wing Commander Jag Mohan Nath (1962 and 1 September 1965), Major General Rajindar Singh (19 March 1948 and 6 September 1965), General Arun Shridhar Vaidya (16 September 1965 and 5 December 1971), Wing Commander Padmanabha Gautam (6 September 1965 and 5 December 1971 [posthumous]), Colonel Chewang Rinchen (July 1948 and 8 December 1971), and Brigadier Sant Singh (2 November 1965 and January 1972),. No second bars have been awarded. Award of the decoration carried with it the right to use M.V.C. as a postnominal abbreviation.
     
  4. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

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    Vir Chakra

    Vira Chakra is an Indian gallantry award presented for acts of bravery in the battlefield. Award of the decoration carried with it the right to use Vr.C. as a postnominal abbreviation (note the care to distinguish this abbreviation from that for the Victoria Cross (V.C.). It is third in precedence in the war time gallantry awards and comes after the Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra.
    Provision was made for the award of a bar for a second award of the Vira Chakra, with the first three awards of such a bar coming in 1948.

    The award carries with it a cash allowance and, in some cases, a lump sum cash award. This has been a rather controversial issue throughout the life of the decoration. From 1 February 1999, the central government set a monthly stipend of Rs. 850 for recipients of the award. In addition, many states have established individual pension rewards for the recipients of the decoration.
    Established: Established by the President of India on 26 January 1950 (with effect from 15 August 1947). The statutes were amended 12 January 1952 to readjust the order of wearing as new decorations were established.
    Obverse: 1-3/8 inch circular silver medal. A five pointed star, with the chakra in the center, and, on this, the domed gilded state emblem. The decoration is named on the rim and suspended from a swiveling straight-bar suspender. The decoration is almost always named and dated on the edge.
    Reverse: Around a plain center, two legends separated by lotus flowers; above Vir Chakra in Hindi and in English.
    Ribbon: 32 mm, half dark blue and half orange-saffron. Dark blue 16 mm, saffron 16 mm.
     
  5. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

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    Ashoka Chakra Award

    The Ashoka Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valor, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. It is the peace time equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra, and is awarded for the "most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice" other than in the face of the enemy. The decoration may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel and may be awarded posthumously.
    Subsequent awards of the Ashoka Chakra are recognized by a bar to the medal ribbon (to date, none have been awarded). It is possible for a recipient to be awarded the Kirti Chakra or Shaurya Chakra in addition for separate acts of gallantry.
    The medal was originally established on 4 January 1952 as the "Ashoka Chakra, Class I" as the first step of a three-class sequence of non-combatant bravery decorations. In 1967, these decorations were removed from the "class-based" system and renamed as the Ashoka Charkra, Kirti Chakra, and Shaurya Chakra. This is an important point in understanding the independent Indian view of decorations. It would also lead to changes in the Padma Vibhushan series, the distinguished service medal series, the life saving medal series, and the Defence Security Corps medal series.
    From 1 February 1999, the central government instituted a monthly stipend for Ashoka Chakra recipients of Rs. 1400. Jammu and Kashmir awarded a cash award of Rs. 1500 (ca. 1960) for recipients of this award.
    Obverse: Circular gold gilt, 1-3/8 inches in diameter. In the center, the chakra (wheel) of Ashoka, surrounded by a lotus wreath and with an ornate edge. Suspended by a straight bar suspender. The medal is named on the edge.
    Reverse: Blank in the center, with "Ashoka Chakra" in Hindi along the upper edge on the medal and the same name in English along the lower rim, "ASHOKA CHAKRA". On either side is a lotus design. The center is blank, perhaps with the intent that details of the award be engraved there. There is no indication of the class on the pre-1967 awards, and, in fact, there is no difference between these medals and the post-1967 awards.
    Ribbon: 32 mm, dark green with a 2 mm central saffron stripe. Dark green 15 mm, saffron 2 mm, dark green 15 mm.
     
  6. arnabmit

    arnabmit Homo Communis Indus Senior Member

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    ..........
     
    Last edited: Jan 9, 2015
  7. Bhadra

    Bhadra Defence Professionals Defence Professionals Senior Member

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    Precedence Of Medals


    No. 75-Pres/2001-The President has been pleased to determine the following order of Precedence of Wearing of various Medals and Decorations. This supersedes Notification No. 104-Pres/98 dated 11th November, 1998 issued from this Secretariat: -

    •Bharat Ratna


    •Param Vir Chakra


    •Ashoka Chakra


    •Padma Vibhusan


    •Padma Bhushan


    •Sarvattom Yudh Seva Medal


    •Param Vishisht Seva Medal


    •Maha Vir Chakra


    •Kirti Chakra


    •Padma Shri


    •Sarvottom Jeevan Raksha Padak


    •Uttam Yudh Seva Medal


    •Ati Vishisht Seva Medal


    •Vir Chakra


    •Shaurya Chakra


    •President's Police and Fire Services Medal for Gallantry


    •President's Police Medal for Gallantry


    •President's Fire Services Medal for Gallantry


    •President's Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry


    •President's Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Gallantry


    •Yudh Seva Medal


    •Sena /Nao Sena/Vayu Sena Medal


    •Vishisht Seva Medal


    •Police Medal for Gallantry


    •Fire Services Medal for Gallantry


    •Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry


    •Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Gallantry


    •Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak


    •Parakram Padak


    •General Service Medal - 1947


    •Samanya Seva Medal - 1965


    •Special Service Medal


    •Samar Seva Star-1965


    •Poorvi Star


    •Paschimi Star


    •OP Vijay Star Medal


    •Siachen Glacier Medal


    •Raksha Medal – 1965


    •Sangram Medal


    •OP Vijay Medal


    •OP Parakram Medal


    •Sainya Seva Medal


    •High Altitude Medal


    •Police (Special Duty) Medal - 1962


    •Videsh Seva Medal


    •President's Police and Fire Services Medal for Distinguished Service


    •President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service


    •President's Fire Services Medal for Distinguished Service


    •President's Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service


    •President's Home Guards and Civil Defence for Distinguished Service


    •Meritorious Service Medal


    •Long Service and Good Conduct Medal


    •Police Medal for Meritorious Service


    •Fire Services Medal for Meritorious Service


    •Correction Service Medal for Meritorious Service


    •Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Meritorious Service


    •Jeevan Raksha Padak


    •Territorial Army Decoration


    •Territorial Army Medal


    •Indian Independence Medal-1947


    •Independence Medal - 1950


    •50th Anniversary of Independence Medal


    •25th Independence Anniversary Medal


    •30 Years Long Service Medal


    •20 Years Long Service Medal


    •9 Years Long Service Medal


    •Commonwealth Awards


    •Other Awards


    Official Website of Indian Army
     
  8. Bhadra

    Bhadra Defence Professionals Defence Professionals Senior Member

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    Rates of Monetary Allowance Attached to Gallantary Decorations (Post Independence)


    Authority : GOI, mod LETTER nO. 7(119)/2008-D(AG) dated 30-3-2011 circulated vide this office Important Circular No. 9 dated 10.06.2011



    (i) Param Vir Chakra Rs. 10,000/- p.m.

    (ii) Ashok Chakra Rs. 6,000/- p.m.

    (iii) Mahavir Chakra Rs. 5,000/- p.m.

    (iv) Kriti Chakra Rs. 4,500/- p.m.

    (v) Vir Chakra Rs. 3,500/- p.m.

    (vi) Shaurya Chakra Rs. 3,000/- p.m.

    (vii) Sena Medal Rs. 1,000/- p.m.

    Note 1. The award at the above rates is applicable w.e.f. 30-03-2011.

    Note 2. The Monetary allowance will not be taken into account for computing dearness relief.

    Further Note :


    These monetary awards are admissible for life, second life and the survivor of the awardee (widow/ dependants) as part of Pension.


    Though it forms part of the pension, No dearness relief is provided on these amounts.

    The amount though is Tax Free.


    State Governments in India have their different monetary and other awards for these Gallantry awards.


    The best part is that entire pension amount of the recipients of gallantry awardees (gallantry only) is Tax Free.
     
    Last edited: Jan 9, 2015

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