India’s Maoists: Who they are and what they want?

Discussion in 'Internal Security' started by bhramos, Jan 30, 2012.

  1. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    Who are these Maoists?

    The Maoists are revolutionaries mainly consisting of the extremely poor people including a large number of dalits and tribals. They come mainly from the toiling masses of India and they are trying to organize the vast population of such masses of this country. They seek to arm and train them so that these masses can resist the onslaught of the rich. In this effort they go beyond the idea that mass movements should focus on some specific issues like increase of wages, better health care, more honesty of public servants and so forth.

    The view of the Maoist rebels is that the poor and exploited people must first and foremost establish their own democratic political power and their own state power in various places. This is because without controlling state power, the poor and the exploited can at most hope for only limited improvements in their living conditions, i.e., so long as it does not inconvenience the rich who usually control the state power. So, the Maoists mobilize the poor to fight against the existing state, even armed fight if possible, as they consider the existing state to be a set of agents acting for the big multinational corporations, rich landlords and the wealthy in general.

    The fight is an extremely challenging and unequal one as the rich are aided by the government bureaucrats, the police and even the military. Also, contrary to what the Government and the mainstream media are propagating, the Maoist rebels are actually completely opposed to individual killings, they openly denigrate such stray terrorism-like acts. What they have been attempting to build up is a mass movement, even armed, to take on the violence of the ruling classes and its representative state machinery.

    The Maoist movement was born in India in the late 1960s, after a radical section of political workers broke away mainly from the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPIM) because they felt the CPIM and other such parties like CPI, RSP, etc. had discredited themselves with their opportunist politics of placating and compromising with the rich. The movement has a long history of development. The present party, CPI (Maoist), came into being in 2004 by the merger of a number of fraternal organizations.

    Is development in India arrested because the Maoist rebels are blocking it?

    What is the state of the people of India at present? With its current high rate of growth, this is also a country of abject poverty and extreme inequality. Home to 24 billionaires (second largest in Asia according to Forbes), India can also boast of 230 million people who go to bed on a half empty stomach (World Hunger Report).

    A country whose economy grows at 9% cannot feed its own population – at least 50% of the people live below the official poverty line and 47% of children below the age of three are underweight (World Bank report, Undernourished children: A call for reform and action). In this so called ‘hub of knowledge economy’, only 11% of the total population can afford higher education and 50% of the students drop out before class eight to start living as casual labourers (Education Statistics, Ministry of Human Resource Development). This is true of most of India not just the areas where Maoist influence and control is high. Then how can we say that development in India is being blocked by Maoists?

    Maoists do not oppose ‘development’ at all, they only oppose the ‘pro-rich development’ at the expense of destitution or often total destruction of the poor. For example, in Dandakaranya region of Chhattisgarh they oppose setting up of helipads but there, the poor themselves, led by the Maoist rebels, have built irrigation tanks and wells for help in agriculture something the Indian government did not bother to do. The Indian government routinely blames the Maoist rebels that they blow up schools! But what the Government tries to suppress is that these blown-up school buildings were actually being used or requisitioned to become camps for security personnel!

    And what changes do they want? Why do they want these changes?

    (1) Overhauling the entire structure of oppression instead of piecemeal reforms

    In addition to all the woes described above, India is also a country, where thousands of Muslims can be butchered in broad daylight by fascist Hindu forces (the most widespread and gruesome such pogrom in recent times happened in Gujarat in 2002), while the ministers and police look the other way. And these features are not stray results of the misdeeds of a few villains. The existing socio-political system in India has a built-in mechanism which ensures that the common masses would be oppressed by a rich and powerful few. Widespread systemic violence is required and is routinely applied by the Indian state so that common people remain disciplined and do not revolt in the face of oppression.

    (2) Land to the tillers and destruction of the landlord class

    About 60% of the Indian population is still dependent on agriculture. However the primary input, land, is predominantly concentrated in the hands of a few landlords and big farmers. Close to 60 percent of rural households are effectively landless [NSS report]. The elite in the villages, by their collusion with the corrupt politicians and bureaucrats have blocked any meaningful land reforms. In the last four decades the proportion of households with little or no land (landless and marginal farmer households) has increased steadily from 66% to 80%. On the other hand the top ten percent rural households own more land now than in 1951 (Source: NSS report).The Maoist revolutionaries want to change this to ensure equitable distribution of land. They do not deter from collective armed fight of the landless and poor peasants and the poor rural labourers against the existing state power for achieving this goal.

    (3) Freedom from moneylenders and traders

    Indebtedness in rural India has been increasing by leaps and bounds especially in the recent decades. Public rural banks are closing down due to relaxation of government regulation. Therefore, instead of securing credits from public institutional sources, rural folk are now being forced to approach the village money lenders (who are often big landlords or rich farmers as well) on a larger and larger scale. Unscrupulous traders are adding to the misery of the poor peasants. They sell spurious inputs to small and marginal peasants at exorbitant prices. They also make huge profits by buying their harvest at throwaway prices and selling them in urban areas at a premium.

    Not-so-well-off peasants, in this no-win situation, of course end up needing substantial credit. Private moneylenders and various for-profit financial companies take advantage of this situation by extracting enormous sums from peasants. Interest rate could be as high as 5% per month. The BBC News reported that more than 200,000 farmers have committed suicide in India since 1997 under the pressure of such indebtedness. The Maoist rebels want to change this.

    (4) End of caste system and eradication of untouchability

    It is well known that the caste system is still thriving in India. Economically it keeps the overwhelming majority of the people in dire poverty and politically it suppresses their fundamental democratic rights. Often the lower castes are robbed of their human dignity. They are even denied access to public facilities like some sources of drinking water, schools etc. An expert group of the planning commission reports that in 70% villages lower caste people cannot enter places of worship and in more than 50% villages they don’t have access to common water sources (Expert committee report to the Planning Commission).

    According to an NCDHR report, on average, 27 atrocities (including murder, abduction and rape) against dalits take place every day. The well-off landed sections in the villages still come mainly from the upper castes. They use brahminical ideology to try to keep all other sections of the population under domination. The same is true for usurers, merchants, hoarders, quarry owners, contractors-all mainly come from the upper castes. In short, the upper castes are still very much in command in all aspects of rural life. Often with their own private army of goondas they run a parallel raj. The Maoists want to break this stranglehold of the upper castes and ensure equal rights for dalits and adivasis.

    (5) Freedom from exploitation by foreign multinationals and its local partners

    Since 1991, foreign capital in alliance with big capitalists like Reliance, Tata and state bureaucrats, has penetrated vast sectors of the Indian economy. Every sphere of our life, starting from road construction, electricity generation, communication networks to food retail, health and education are under direct control of this coterie. In the name of ‘development’ thousands of acres of land are being transferred to big business and multinationals. For example, in Bastar, Chattisgarh, in the name of Bodh Ghat dam, tens of thousands of Adivasis are being forcibly evicted from their “jal-jangal-zameen” (water-forest-land). In Niyamgiri, Orissa the land which is the abode of several Dongria tribes has been handed over to the multinational Vedanta group which will completely destroy the livelihood of these tribes affecting more than 20,000 people. The state government and the mainstream opposition parties of the state are actively supporting such activities. The Maoists, over the years, have been resisting such plunder.

    (6) Ensuring people’s democratic rights

    It is well known that elections are often a sham in India. The parliament, as we have seen several times, is a bazaar where the rich and the super-rich can buy the MPs. According to ADR (Association of Democratic Reform), the average asset of an MP has gone up to 5.12 crore in 2009 from Rs 1.8 crore in 2004. In our democracy the erstwhile rajas and maharajas, like Scindias, are still proliferating and controlling the local economy and polity at many places.

    And we also know the state of judicial system in our country. Salman Khans and Sanjeev Nandas can kill by running cars over common people and still they can escape the law for very long, perhaps forever. B.N. Kirpal, the judge, who arbitrarily ordered that Indian rivers be interlinked, ignoring the resulting ecological and human calamity, joined the environmental board of Coca-Cola after he retired. The Maoists want to establish people’s court where poor people can get true justice. In fact, such courts run in many places where the Maoist movement is strong.

    (7) Self-determination for the nationalities

    The Indian government ruthlessly suppresses national aspirations of a number of people. These people and their land became part of India by accident – because the British raj annexed their homeland or a despotic king wanted their land to be a part of India. Lakhs of Indian troops have been deployed in Kashmir and north-eastern states to curb such struggles of the people in these states for their national self-determination. Since 1958, AFSPA has been imposed in north-eastern states, which allows armed forces to conduct search and seizure without warrant, to arrest without warrant, to destroy any house without any verification and to shoot to kill with full impunity. In Kashmir, there is 1 military personnel for every 15 civilian. Cold blooded murders, like those of Thangjam Manorama Devi, Chungkham Sanjit, Neelofar and Asiya Jan, are carried out frequently in the name of ‘countering terrorism’. The Maoist rebels seek to establish freedom of self determination for all nationalities.

    So, to sum up, the new society the Maoists want to establish will have the following components:

    Land to the poor and landless. Later on cooperative farming is to be established on voluntary basis.
    Forest to the tribal people.
    End of rule of the rich and the upper caste in villages and uprooting of caste system. Uproot all discriminations based on gender and religion.
    Seizure of the ill gotten wealth and assets of multinational corporations and their local Indian partners.
    Self determination for the nationalities, political autonomy for the tribes.
    Establish a state by the poor, for the poor where the present day exploiters would be expropriated.
    Participation of people in day to day administrative work and decision making. Democracy at the true grassroot level with people having the power to recall its democratic representatives.
    In summary: ensuring that all types of freedom, rights and democracy for all sections of toiling masses.

    What have the Maoists-led people’s struggles achieved so far?

    Information in this section is taken, purposely, from the expert group report to the planning commission, which is available on the web.

    Contrary to what the media try to portray, the government’s own report says that the movement led by the Maoist rebels cannot be seen as simply blowing up of police stations and killing individual people. It encompasses mass organization. Mass participation in militant protest has always been a characteristic of such mobilisation.

    Although the Maoists by their own admission are engaged in a long term people’s struggle against the oppression by the present India state, their movement has already achieved some short term successes in improving the condition of the poor people.

    Maoist movement in India was built around the demand of ‘land to the tillers’. Numerous struggles, led by the Maoists, have been fought all over the country especially in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, to free land from the big landholding families. In many such cases landlords have been driven away from the villages and their land has been put in the possession of the landless poor. But the police and paramilitary do not allow the poor to cultivate such lands. In Bihar, landless Musahars, the lowest among the Dalits have struggled and have taken possession of fallow Government land. This has had the support of Maoists.

    Under the leadership of the Maoists the adivasis have reclaimed forest land on an extensive scale in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, Orissa and Jharkhand. The adivasis displaced by irrigation projects in Orissa had to migrate to the forests of Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh in large numbers. The forest department officials harassed and evicted them on a regular basis. The movement led by the Maoists put an end to this.

    In rural India the Minimum Wages Act remains an act on paper only. In the forest areas of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharashtra, and Jharkhand, non-payment of the legal wages was a major source of exploitation of adivasi labourer. Maoists-led struggles have put an effective end to it. These struggles have secured increases in the rate of payment for picking tendu leaves (used for rolling beedies), washing clothes, making pots, tending cattle, repairing implements etc. The exploitation previously had been so severe that as a result of the sustained movement led by Maoists the pay rates of tendu leaves collection have over the years increased by fifty times.

    The movement has given confidence to the oppressed to assert their rights and demand respect and dignity from the dominant castes and classes. The everyday humiliation and sexual exploitation of labouring women of dalit and tribal communities by upper caste men has been successfully fought. Forced labour, begari, by which the toiling castes had to provide obligatory service for free to the upper castes was also put an end to in many parts of the country.

    In rural India, disputes are commonly taken to the rich and powerful of the village (who are generally the landlords) and caste panchayats, where the dispensation of justice is in favour of the rich and powerful. The Maoist movement has provided a mechanism, usually described as the ‘People’s Court’ whereby these disputes are resolved in the interests of the wronged party.

    Why then, does the government need to go to war against its own people led by these rebels instead of hailing them as true patriots?

    There is a simple answer.

    Chattisgarh, Orissa are rich in mineral wealth that can be sold to the highest multinational bidder. The only obstacle standing between the corrupt politicians and ALL THIS MONEY are the poor, disenfranchised tribal people (and the Maoists leading them). So, this war. This is not something new in India or for that matter in other parts of the world. Mobutu’s corrupt regime selling off the Belgian Congo piece by piece to the US, Belgium and other countries comes to mind. In the sixty years of independence from direct colonial rule, the Indian state has been doing the same. It has systematically impoverished the overwhelming majority to serve the interest of a powerful few and their foreign friends.

    The impending war to evict the tribal people from their villages, in the pretext of eliminating the Maoists, will be fought at the behest of big corporations, who want to control and plunder our resources such as mineral, water and forest. It is high time that we recognize this pattern of waging war which will be fought by the poor on both sides, but will benefit only the big capitalists and their cheerleaders in the government.
     
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  3. jackprince

    jackprince Turning into a frog Senior Member

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    ^^^ Who's the author? Arundhatiu Ray????!!!!

    Maoists are Terrorists - secessonist terrorists - nothing less and nothing more. the People's War Group or the CPI (ML) could have been honoured with the name of Rebel, but maoists had done with them - killed their leadership and turned the total process into pro-China, anti-India secessonist movement.
     
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  4. amitkriit

    amitkriit Senior Member Senior Member

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    Naxals themselves are busy in exploiting the tribal land, they are committing the same sort of atrocities on the natives which they claim to be preventing. Naxal forces are salaried, I wonder where does all the money come from. Why are they blowing off schools, hospitals, communication towers, roads? Why are they killing suspected police informers in gruesome manner, and then what gives them the moral right to talk about HR violation by the government forces? Classless society cannot be achieved, we human beings are greedy and selfish, that's our nature. How can they secure peoples' democratic right through this undemocratic manner? We cannot blame the politicians for everything, we elected them to the high offices in the first place, did not we? Why do these tribals sell their votes for a bottle of liquor? Why are these areas not prospering despite the absence of those greedy corporates, while the rest of India is?

    One form of corruption cannot be allowed to defeat another form of corruption.

    These Gandhians with guns are fighting for power and money, let us deal with them with iron hand, no mercy.
     
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  5. spikey360

    spikey360 Crusader Senior Member

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    Let them disarm, then we can talk. And if they don't as Stalin once said
    If the enemy doesn't disarm, we will disarm them ourselves
     
  6. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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  7. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    Rita Khanna
    India’s Maoists: Who they are and what they want « Kasama
     
  8. nrj

    nrj Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    Kasama is another Communist mouthpiece.
     
  9. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    why the Fvcking Ozies are interested in Indian Maoists!!!!!!1
     
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  10. amitkriit

    amitkriit Senior Member Senior Member

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    because their PM is a Han Chinese wannabe.
     
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  11. Param

    Param Senior Member Senior Member

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    I don't know about Maoists but communist political parties have plenty of opportunity in the future. The rising inequalities and the difference between the haves and the have nots is increasing like never before in the past 64 years.

    24 billionaires and 230 million going to bed on half empty stomachs! And not to mention the planning commission's joke of Rs 32 per day being sufficient.
    This is the result of the much touted trickle down effect.
     
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  12. Mad Indian

    Mad Indian Proud Bigot Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Its funny how ALL members here bash against the rich.... I mean really...??? Do you know that only 3% of India's population pays income tax... and only 7% (or something close to that) have internet.... So technically you are bashing yourself my friend.....

    The govt can give all its lame excuses on it extravagant spending on the poor when in reality they are being siphoned off by the Netas and Babus of our country.... Do you know that govt is spending 4 rupees for every one rupee to reach the poor... thats what is moronic about govt distribution....


    And these so called sympathizers fail to mention why the poverty reduction was stagnant during the good old days of license raj.... the figures of 27% (more likely) or 37% or 50%(or whatever these sick f*uks can claim) is still THOUSAND TIMES BETTER than the 80% poverty during the good old 80s....


    Now how about those Maoist or Communist asslickers answer this question first before lashing out on the market economy.....?????
     
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  13. Mad Indian

    Mad Indian Proud Bigot Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Hey dont blabber just because you cant understand.... rupees 32per day per head...... So a family of four will have 32*30*4=3840rupees... Now 4000 a month is not enough for sustaining a family After all those subsidies given to them by the government(free rice,free kerosene, free this, free that, free Blah, free Blah).....

    Lets just atleast assume that those people in the planning commission are NOT idiots... they ACTUALLY STUDIED ECONOMICS unlike the Moronic Politicians we have.... You understand what i mean...????
     
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  14. jackprince

    jackprince Turning into a frog Senior Member

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    Okey, so the rich are blood-suckers, opressive etc. etc. and the communist party should be brought forward by the mass to get rid off the riches off the riches and distributed among the poor. all the accountabilty should fall on the riches, because they have progressed or their forefathers has done good. They should share everything with the poor. but the poor don't have any accountability. They can stay underproductive, can have 3-4 no. of children when they can barely manage proper upbringing of one child, they can get wasted every evening with booze, can vote for the booze. what do you think, just even distribution would bring the poor forth? it would cause the economy of the nation collpase. where would these poor work if there is no rich to invest in factories, or shops, or build buildings?

    Yes I know the poverty of India is horrifying in some places. Heck, I am from WB, I know what the poverty is!! BUt, hey, isn't the WB the same state which had been ruled by the Communists for almost 40 yrs?!! Had they not distributed lands to farmers, stood up for the factory workers? Then why the state's economy has deteriorated steadily over 40 years?!!! Guess, because the same despicable rich has withdrawn from the state and felt not safe, and with them went the money. Why is it that when India opened her gate to capitalists that the economy sored up, living standard of her people - including majority of the poor - got better? because the rich stated to invest in private sector, without fear of being gobbled up by the socialist state when their venture starts showing profit.

    I admit the riches have their fault. the indian rich have an hoarding mentality. but then the govt. have made the system of progressive taxation exactly for that reason. who do you think are investing at our economy? who do you think are driving this nation ahead in a increasingly competing global market?

    egalitiarian society is definitely what we should strive for, but not at the cost of persecution of any class. Being poor doesn't mean that they won't have responsibilty toward nation. I do think that Indian economy in 10-12 yrs will collapse because of expanding population. and guess what, the population growth ratio is more at the grassroot level, than in middle class or the rich.

    I think even the poor can understand whether they can support 1 child or 6 children properly.
     
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  15. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

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    One Should handle the situation carefully more than Indo-pak talks or China..
    This is our internal issue, A cancer..

    Development is important and Land is important, corporate sectors are talking lands from tribes which needed to be stop to an extend..
    Give them Job and food to eat, Majority wont join Reds, Reds will be isolated once the people are satisfied, And then they are easy to crush..

    We need to stop Politics on these issues which are a major cause too..
     
  16. Mad Indian

    Mad Indian Proud Bigot Veteran Member Senior Member

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  17. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    Who are they and what do they want?

    Ask China who fund, trains and indoctrinates them.
     

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