India Has the World’s Longest Line for the Toilet

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by nik141991, Nov 19, 2015.

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  1. nik141991

    nik141991 New Member

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    By VIBHUTI AGARWAL

    If the 774 million people living without a household toilet in India stood in line, they would stretch from the Earth to the moon, and maybe beyond, a report released to mark World Toilet Day showed Thursday.

    Clearing the line would take at least 5,892 years, if each person took a minimum of four minutes to use the toilet, according to the report by WaterAid, a water and sanitation nonprofit headquartered in London said.
    Nowhere to Go
    The number of people without access to a toilet in their home

    India continues have the largest number of people without toilets at home and the highest number of people defecating in the open, the report titled, “It’s No Joke: The State of the World’s Toilets 2015,” says.
    But despite this, it doesn’t feature in the list of 25 countries with the least safe and hygienic latrines per person. India, though, is far from out of the woods in terms of safe toilet habits.
    More than 770 million people in India still don’t have access to improved home toilets, more than double China’s 329 million people who don’t have a toilet in their house.

    And nearly half of India’s population–569 million people–relieve themselves in the open, sometimes even when public facilities are available.

    People in rural areas often go out in the open because of habit or cultural preference. Some villages feel toilets are meant for old people, newly-married girls or children, others believe open defecation is a way of staying fit because people worldwide defecate in the open and India has the highest concentration of them — 173 people go outside for every square kilometer.

    “That ratio would be the same as 500 people having to defecate in the open in the Square Mile of the City of London, or 15,000 people in Manhattan, New York City,” the report said.
    India’s neighbors have far fewer people defecating in the open, with 61 people a square kilometer in Nepal going outside and 32 people a square kilometer in Pakistan.

    A lack of proper sanitation in India poses a serious threat to the health of children, where hundreds of thousands die every year because of diseases transmitted through human waste.

    More than 140,000 under-fives die in India each year from diarrhea, according to the report. Nearly 40% of children are stunted, when height falls short of that expected for a child’s age, affecting their life chances. And the country also has high rates of maternal and newborn mortality linked to sepsis or infection as a result of open defecation.

    Women who go into fields in the early mornings or late at night to defecate are also vulnerable to sexual assault or attacks by wild animals, the report found.

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan or Clean India Mission to, among other things, eradicate open defecation and build an indoor toilet for every home by 2019.
    But simply building the toilets won’t be enough.
    “What will be absolutely crucial is getting local, state and national government to make this a priority, and creating the cultural shift that will ensure that once the toilets are built they are used – by everyone,” the WaterAid report added.

    http://www.wsj.com/articles/BL-IRTB-30876

    @Mad Indian @DingDong @Sakal Gharelu Ustad
     
    Last edited: Nov 19, 2015
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  3. nik141991

    nik141991 New Member

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    Even Pakistan is better than us what a shame @Mad Indian plz share your views
     
  4. Mad Indian

    Mad Indian Proud Bigot Veteran Member Senior Member

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    India would improve with improved economy. There is nothing more to it. Everything from healthcare to sanitation to education and literacy is linked to economy. That is all.

    But if you want to do self flagellation over it, you can do it how much ever you want but don't expect us to join you
     
  5. nik141991

    nik141991 New Member

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    Why Many Indians Can’t Stand to Use the Toilet its the mindset

    By ATISH PATEL

    India has a problem with toilets: Every second person relieves themselves outdoors, a centuries-old practice that contributes to child malnutrition, economic loss and even violence against women.

    It’s a problem that India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi wants to fix by making sure every home in the country has a toilet of its own by 2019.
    The answer though, sanitation experts say, doesn’t lie only in building more bathrooms. First, people need to learn to love using the latrine.

    “Many people regard open defecation as part of a wholesome, healthy, virtuous life,” a recent study conducted in Bihar, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh found. Researchers at the New Delhi-based Research Institute for Compassionate Economics added that the practice is “not widely recognized among rural north Indians as a threat to health.”

    Those five northern Indian states account for 45% of the country’s households without a toilet, according to data from the 2011 census. But even in homes where toilets were installed, many people still prefer to go outside.

    The RICE study found that out of 3,235 rural homes, 43% had a working toilet. Of those, over 40% had at least one member of the household who nevertheless opted to defecate in the open. When asked why, almost 75% said they did so because it was pleasurable, comfortable and convenient.

    The government says it has recognized that it needs to address this mindset making it “top priority” while setting out to build 110 million new toilets across swathes of rural India in the next few he full policy has so far not been published but will include a door-to-door campaign similar to that used in the eradication of polio.
    When you get down to brass tacks though, the picture looks slightly less positive.
    To build toilets across India’s cities and villages, over $30 billion has been earmarked, a large chunk of it provided by the federal government.
    But only 8% of this money will go towards what the government calls “information, education and communication,” or IEC.
    Experts say that’s too little.
    “I would spend at least half of the money on IEC,” said Santosh Mehrotra, a professor of economics at New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University.
    “The IEC strategy is the heart and soul of a sanitation scheme to bring real change on the ground,” he added.
    Previous sanitation programs in India have failed to spend all the money allocated.
    Sangita Vyas, one of the authors of the RICE study, said this is partly because of the red tape involved in getting education campaigns approved. She worries it will be the same for Mr. Modi’s new mission.
    When the money is spent, it’s not all being put to good use: Researchers point out that the government has failed to inform people about the adverse health effects of open defecation as it has done in campaigns to reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption.
    In the past, India has also relied on subsidies to get people to embrace toilets and handouts will play a big part in the new program, Mr. Mehrotra added.
    The result? “Toilets that are not being used for what they are meant for and instead are made into storage rooms,” he said. “With subsidies, they go back to their bad habits after they have received the prize.”
    India could learn from its neighbor Bangladesh when it comes to eradicating open defecation without relying on incentives.
    In 2000, that country introduced a program in which health workers would encourage communities to identify the consequences of poor sanitation, spurring them to want to build toilets for themselves. The focus was to alter behavior before building the infrastructure to accommodate the change.
    Known as community-led total sanitation and pioneered by Indian-born development consultant Kamal Kar, it is now in place in more than 50 countries, including in parts of India.
    The method has reduced the number of people in Bangladesh defecating in the open from 19% in 2000 to 3% in 2012.
    But it’s not perfect. CLTS does not define what makes a good toilet and regards access to a toilet, even a poorly built one, as better than not using one at all. Often in Bangladesh, a toilet can be just a shallow pit covered by two wooden planks. This pit is able to store human waste, but is often washed away during heavy rains and floods, increasing the risk of contracting diseases like diarrhea and cholera. That’s why the focus there has now shifted to manage the disposal of waste collected in the country’s toilets.
    In India, the challenge remains to get people to use them at all.

    http://www.wsj.com/articles/BL-IRTB-26828
     
  6. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

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    Flame bait. Thread closed.

    If you have a problem open up your toilet doors for that line.
     
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