How free lunches have helped India's Primary Schools!

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by Rashna, Apr 16, 2015.

  1. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    This is how India is bringing and retaining children in Schools. It also helps provide one nutritious meal to poor children who would otherwise be sent to work by their parents. This first film below is older but focuses on the same effort.

    Akshay Patra is the NGO behind this massive effort. They feed 1.4 million kids in schools all over India. ( A Harvard Case Study)

    "Akshaya Patra will be featured in a special telecast premiere on The National Geographic Channel, on 27th April at 9pm.
    This pilot episode titled 'Akshaya Patra - Shiksha Ka Mahabhog' showcases our kitchens in their documentary series 'NGC Mega Kitchens'." - Quoted from their website
    (Second video)





     
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  3. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    Atal bihari Vajpayee ..... :D
     
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  4. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    I didn't get your reference to Bharat Ratna AVB. However you should watch this one carefully because this venture is run by vrindavan me krishna kanhaiya bhakts. :laugh:


     
  5. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    It was his brain child AFAIK.

    Also Kids in the first video are so sweet. :love: .....
     
  6. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    I haven't heard about it being his brain child. But its a brainwave for sure.

    Haha. Kids are always sweet unless they are bawling for no reason and bugging the life out of people. :saber:

     
  7. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    Hahaha They are sweet unless you have to take care of them :lol:
     
  8. mayfair

    mayfair Elite Member Elite Member

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    I believe one of earliest and most successful implementation of mid-day meal scheme was by MGR in late 1970s and 1980s. It is said that over 6 million children in Tamil Nadu benefitted from this.
     
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  9. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    You could be right. Many states have their own mid-day meal programs. This is the most organized one i think.

     
  10. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    Yes, its more a test of others' patience and past life experiences. :rofl:

     
  11. rock127

    rock127 Maulana Rockullah Senior Member

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    I think I have seen Hare Krishna guys(ISCKON) guys providing meal supply to Primary school in Delhi.
     
  12. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    Akshay patra is run by Hare Krsna
     
  13. mayfair

    mayfair Elite Member Elite Member

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    When I was in Bangalore, a colleague and a good friend of mine told me that how he was able to go to a rural school in Pudukottai district chiefly because mid-day meals were provided.

    Today he's a highly successful professional in his field.
     
  14. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    Its amazing to hear that such a small thing can open up the doors of opportunities for these kids. :)

     
  15. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    Good to hear.
     
  16. Mad Indian

    Mad Indian Proud Bigot Veteran Member Senior Member

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    I thought it was Kamaraj who introduced the mid day meal scheme:hmm:
     
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  17. Mad Indian

    Mad Indian Proud Bigot Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Anyway, before you guys go gaga over this news, please take this info into account -

    The average cost per child for education for the govt of TN is 18000Rs. / year. Is it efficient?
     
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  18. mayfair

    mayfair Elite Member Elite Member

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    You are right it was Kamraj who introduced it in 1962 i think. The scheme truly flourished under MGR, I believe.

    Since most of folks I know who benefitted from the scheme grew up in 1980s, I suppose they tend to associate MGR with it.
     
  19. Mad Indian

    Mad Indian Proud Bigot Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Yes, you are right.
     
  20. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

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    Don't know about the cost of education. But cooking 100,000 meals together should have some increasing returns and cheaper cost. But having been a victim of bad food at university hostels, I do not think that schools can provide good food.

    Even if state wants to finance mid-day meal, they should pay money to the family rather than random NGOs and SHGs. Then proper incentives can be given so that families send their kids to school.

    I do not know how good this factory produced food is! Although the food at 5-star Iskon temple in Bangalore was not bad!
     
  21. Rashna

    Rashna Senior Member Senior Member

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    Maybe this might help in answering your question. The part in blue particularly.


    How much does India spend on Elementary Education?
    Posted on:04-12-14
    Ambrish Dongre, Avani Kapur



    The landscape of elementary education (EE) has changed dramatically in the last few years. It has been characterized by a concerted push to build physical and human infrastructure in government schools, variety of schemes launched to reduce the number of out of school children, paralleled by an increasing preference of parents to send their children to private schools. Despite these structural changes, updated estimates on public and private expenditure on elementary education are not available. Our paper, ‘How much does India spend per student on elementary education?’ attempts to fill this gap by describing the methodology, and providing estimates of per student public expenditure on those enrolled in government schools, and per student private expenditure on those who are enrolled in private schools, for 20 major states in India for the financial year 2011-12.

    Public Expenditure on EE

    The state governments are the primary spenders on EE. The details of these spending are in individual state budget documents. However, collating information from budget documents is difficult as many of them are not available online, budget heads are not always standardized and expenditure is spread across many departments (such as culture, tribal development, social justice etc.) Further, in recent years, the central government has increased its spending on EE through Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) such as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Mid-Day Meal (MDM). The mechanism of fund flow is scheme specific- SSA is routed through an autonomous implementation society whilst MDM flows into the state treasury) and funds are shared between the Central and State governments.

    Given these complications, total public expenditure on EE was derived by manually collating expenditures on EE from respective state budgets across departments (excluding the state share for SSA) and separately adding expenditures under SSA, which was obtained from the planning and budgeting documents on the SSA portal. Total expenditure was then divided by total enrolment in elementary grades for government schools obtained from DISE (grades 1 to 8) to obtain per student public expenditure on those who are enrolled in government schools.

    Median expenditure per student turns out to be Rs 12,768. Chhattisgarh is just below the median while Gujarat is just above the median. Expenditure per student is highest in Kerala, followed by Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttaranchal. On the other hand, Bihar, West Bengal and Jharkhand are the lowest spenders.

    Private Expenditure on EE

    Private expenditure consists of expenditure incurred by the households on school fees, exam fees, fees toward private tutoring, spending on books and stationary, conveyance etc. We use the latest available data, 64th round of NSS, Education in India: 2007-08 – Participation and Expenditure, to calculate per student private expenditure for those who attend private schools (aided and un-aided). We adjust these numbers for inflation between 2007-08 and 2011-12.

    Median expenditure per student turns out to be Rs 5,959. Chhattisgarh is just below the median while Maharashtra is just above the median. Expenditure per student is highest in Himachal Pradesh, followed by Punjab, Haryana and Tamil Nadu. On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand are the lowest spenders.

    Figure 1 shows state-wise per student private and public expenditure.



    Expenditure per student and state GDP

    Figure 2 indicates that on an average, higher the per capita income (as measured by per Capita Net State Domestic Product (NSDP)), higher is the public expenditure per student enrolled in government schools[ii].



    An interesting exception is Punjab whose per capita income is high and yet its spending per student is lower compared to several other low income states. Further, Punjab’s public expenditure as a proportion of state GDP is quite low given its per capita income (Figure 3).



    Public expenditure per student and learning outcomes

    An important question is if there is a relation between public expenditure per student and learning outcomes. Figure 4 shows that on an average, higher the per student expenditure, higher is the learning outcome, measured here as proportion of students in government school in grades 1-2 who can read letters, words or more[iii].



    The relationship holds even after taking into account per capita income[iv]. Does it imply that more should be spent per student in a government school if we want to improve the learning outcomes?


    The answer is no. We must look at what the opportunity costs or alternative uses of this expenditure. Even though a full-fledged analysis is beyond the purview of this blog, a simple example would be comparing per student costs and learning outcomes in government and private schools, which indicates that, in every state, learning outcomes in private schools are better than the government schools, while per student spending is much lower as compared to government schools[v]. This ‘double’ inefficiency ends up imposing a huge burden on India, amounting to 2.78% of GDP[vi]. This reveals that there is a dire need to ask hard questions, and take tough decisions to make expenditure more ‘efficient’, to get more bang for the buck, so to speak.



    Since 2012, there have been some important policy shifts. The 12th Five Year Plan explicitly articulated learning improvement to be a key policy goal. This was followed by MHRD’s renewed articulation of the importance of meeting the learning challenge through the launch of the ‘Padhe Bharat, Badhe Bharat’ scheme with a focus on learning. But is this going to be enough to solve the ‘learning challenge’? This scheme is a good starting point but the need of the hour is to rework the education system such that it moves away from its preoccupation with input delivery to one that prioritises learning outcomes. This focus on inputs has left us in a situation where means to an end have become an end itself. How to get the system to prioritise learning outcomes not just in policy documents but also in actual practice, i.e. in terms of plans, finances and actions of education bureaucracy all the way down to schools is going to India's greatest challenge in elementary education in the next few years.



    More details on the methodology are available in the paper. Note that public expenditure per student enrolled in elementary sections of government schools is over-estimated. The reason is that the numerator includes expenditure on private aided schools, while denominator doesn’t include students in private aided schools. This over-estimation is a matter of concern mainly for states like Kerala, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu where a significant proportion of students are enrolled in such schools. For the states where % of private aided schools is low (such as Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh), this is not a matter of concern.

    [ii] Similar relationship holds in case of private expenditure per student and per capita income as well.

    [iii] Data has been obtained from ASER. Data from ASER 2011 and ASER 2012 give similar results. Further, learning outcomes measured by reading ability or ability to do math yield similar results.

    [iv] This analysis is preliminary. A robust analysis would require panel data and associated techniques.

    [v] The difference in learning outcomes persists even when students’ background characteristics are taken into account, although the magnitude declines. Refer to our paper for references to the related literature.
    http://www.accountabilityindia.in/a...ow-much-does-india-spend-elementary-education

     
    Last edited: Apr 16, 2015
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