History of Indian Tricolor Proud to be Indian...

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by AmitAgrawal, Jan 26, 2011.

  1. AmitAgrawal

    AmitAgrawal New Member

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    [​IMG]
    A flag is a necessity for all nations. Millions have died for it.
    It is no doubt a kind of idolatry which would be a sin to destroy.
    For, a flag represents an Ideal The unfurling of the Union Jack evokes
    in the English breast sentiments whose strength it is difficult to measure.
    The Stars and Stripes mean a world to the Americans.
    The Star and the Crescent will call forth the best bravery in Islam."

    "It will be necessary for us Indians Muslims, Christians Jews, Parsis,
    and all others to whom India is their home-to recognize a common flag
    to live and to die for."

    - Mahatma Gandhi


    Every free nation of the world has its own flag. It is a symbol of a free country.
    The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand and
    adopted in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly
    held on the 22 July 1947, a few days before India's independence
    from the British on 15 August, 1947. It served as the national flag
    of the Dominion of India between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and
    that of the Republic of India thereafter. In India, the term
    "tricolour" refers to the Indian national flag.

    The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at the top,
    white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
    The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.
    In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel
    which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel
    which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
    Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.


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    History of Indian Tricolor
    Proud to be Indian...

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    A flag is a necessity for all nations. Millions have died for it.
    It is no doubt a kind of idolatry which would be a sin to destroy.
    For, a flag represents an Ideal The unfurling of the Union Jack evokes
    in the English breast sentiments whose strength it is difficult to measure.
    The Stars and Stripes mean a world to the Americans.
    The Star and the Crescent will call forth the best bravery in Islam."

    "It will be necessary for us Indians Muslims, Christians Jews, Parsis,
    and all others to whom India is their home-to recognize a common flag
    to live and to die for."

    - Mahatma Gandhi

    Every free nation of the world has its own flag. It is a symbol of a free country.
    The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand and
    adopted in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly
    held on the 22 July 1947, a few days before India's independence
    from the British on 15 August, 1947. It served as the national flag
    of the Dominion of India between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and
    that of the Republic of India thereafter. In India, the term
    "tricolour" refers to the Indian national flag.

    The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at the top,
    white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
    The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.
    In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel
    which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel
    which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
    Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.


    Evolution of the Tricolour:


    It is really amazing to see the various changes that our National Flag went
    through since its first inception. It was discovered or recognised
    during our national struggle for freedom.. The evolution of the Indian National Flag
    sailed through many vicissitudes to arrive at what it is today.
    In one way it reflects the political developments in the nation.
    Some of the historical milestones in the evolution of our National Flag
    involve the following:

    [​IMG]
    Unofficial flag of India in 1906

    [​IMG]
    The Berlin committee flag, first raised by Bhikaiji Cama in 1907

    [​IMG]
    The flag used during the Home Rule movement in 1917

    [​IMG]
    The flag unofficially adopted in 1921

    [​IMG]
    The flag adopted in 1931. This flag was also the battle ensign of the Indian National Army

    [​IMG]
    The present Tricolour flag of India

    The first national flag in India is said
    to have been hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park)
    in Calcutta now Kolkata. The flag was composed of three horizontal strips of red,
    yellow and green.


    The second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama and her band
    of exiled revolutionaries in 1907 (according to some inl9OS).
    This was very similar to the first flag except that the top strip had
    only one lotus but seven stars denoting the Saptarishi.
    This flag was also exhibited at a socialist conference in Berlin.


    The third flag went up in 1917 when our political struggle
    had taken a definite turn. Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak hoisted it
    during the Home rule movement. This flag had five red and
    four green horizontal strips arranged alternately,
    with seven stars in the saptarishi configuration super-imposed on them.
    In the left-hand top corner (the pole end) was the Union Jack.
    There was also a white crescent and star in one corner.


    During the session of the All India Congress Committee which met
    at Bezwada in 1921 (now Vijayawada) an Andhra youth prepared a flag
    and took it to Gandhiji. It was made up of two colours-red and green-
    representing the two major communities i.e. Hindus and Muslims.
    Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip to represent the
    remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolise
    progress of the Nation.


    The year 1931 was a landmark in the history of the flag. A resolution was passed
    adopting a tricolor flag as our national flag. This flag, the forbear
    of the present one, was saffron, white and green with Mahatma Gandhi's
    spinning wheel at the center. It was, however, clearly stated
    that it bore no communal significance and was to be interpreted thus.


    On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly adopted it as Free India National Flag.
    After the advent of Independence, the colours and their significance
    remained the same. Only the Dharma Charkha of Emperor Asoka was
    adopted in place of the spinning wheel as the emblem on the flag.
    Thus, the tricolour flag of the Congress Party eventually became
    the tricolour flag of Independent India.

    Colours of the Flag:

    In the national flag of India the top band is of Saffron colour,
    indicating the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band
    indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The last band is green
    in colour shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.


    The Chakra:


    This Dharma Chakra depicted the "wheel of the law" in the Sarnath Lion Capital
    made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to
    show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.


    Flag Code:


    On 26th January 2002, the Indian flag code was modified and after
    several years of independence, the citizens of India were finally allowed
    to hoist the Indian flag over their homes, offices and factories
    on any day and not just National days as was the case earlier.
    Now Indians can proudly display the national flag any where and any time,
    as long as the provisions of the Flag Code are strictly followed
    to avoid any disrespect to the tricolour. For the sake of convenience,
    Flag Code of India, 2002, has been divided into three parts. Part I
    of the Code contains general description of the National Flag.
    Part II of the Code is devoted to the display of the National Flag
    by members of public, private organizations, educational institutions, etc.
    Part III of the Code relates to display of the National Flag by
    Central and State governments and their organisations and agencies.


    There are some rules and regulations upon how to fly the flag, based
    on the 26 January 2002 legislation. These include the following:


    The Do's:


    * The National Flag may be hoisted in educational institutions
    (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire respect
    for the Flag. An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools.
    * A member of public, a private organization or an educational institution
    may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions,
    ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour
    of the National Flag.

    * Section 2 of the new code accepts the right of all private citizens
    to fly the flag on their premises.



    The Don'ts:


    * The flag cannot be used for communal gains, drapery, or clothes.
    As far as possible, it should be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective
    of the weather.

    * The flag cannot be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor
    or trail in water. It cannot be draped over the hood, top, and sides or
    back of vehicles, trains, boats or aircraft.
    *


    No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag. Also, no object,
    including flowers or garlands or emblems can be placed on or above the flag.
    The tricolour cannot be used as a festoon, rosette or bunting.



    The Indian National Flag represents the hopes and aspirations of the people
    of India. It is the symbol of our national pride.
    Over the last five decades, several people including members
    of armed forces have ungrudgingly laid down their lives to keep
    the tricolour flying in its full glory.
     
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  3. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    I personally think instead of green if we had blue in our flag it would be good. green for me sybolizes pakizzzzstan
     
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  4. The Messiah

    The Messiah Bow Before Me! Elite Member

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    make sure to change colour of grass to blue aswell in world cup. pakistan does not have patent on green.
     
  5. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    well now days everybody talks of blue than green lolllllll.
     
  6. swag5

    swag5 Regular Member

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    first of all come to that 'position' to talk abt our flag......@blackwater

    @Amith.....hat's for this useful and complete information abt our own flag....many of them don't even kno wat the colors symbolizes..it's every one's born duty to kno the code and conduct of r flag.....
    MY FLAG,MY NATION,MY PRIDE......JAI HIND
     
    Last edited: Jan 27, 2011
  7. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    hi sepoy, iam in good position. its my personell opinion and i have every right to do so. it is not nessessary that we agree with wat our leaders have done in past.

    there are lot of flaws and short coming in constitution of India, laws in India and What nehru did with kashmir and why sardar patel not become prime minister of India instead of nehru etc etc. Jai hind
     
  8. swag5

    swag5 Regular Member

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    Yeah......bt in todays situation.....changing of colors in flag,talkin abt y he did not becum prime minister,y another guy din becum president....wagera....
    if ur question is true then mahatma would hav been PM na...it's not matter of becuming cm or pm....it's jus matters tat wat v hav done for our country.....jus read his last lines....u'll cum to kno...
     
  9. AmitAgrawal

    AmitAgrawal New Member

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    If any one know more please share
     
  10. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    Meaning of the Trio-Colour

    I must quote this image originally posted by Mr. Ram, which nicely explains the Indian National Flag:

     
  11. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    I think every one today is Green conscious.

    Or else, why have a Ministry of Environment?

    Clean environment and all that.

    Ask Jairam Ramesh.

    Further, Green signifies fertile land - bountiful in plenty.

    The IA uniform is Olive Green. I find no reason to change it to blue, it would make them stand out like a sore thumb.

    One wonders why Pakistan Army is Khaki,

    Deserts?
     
  12. Oracle

    Oracle New Member

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    The green color shows the Indian culture, agriculture, Indian people and complete geographical history of our country. The color also tells about our relation to soil and our relation to environment.
     
  13. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    The Indian National Flag

    The Indian National flag is tricolour. All the three colours have a great significance. The three colours are - at top is saffron/kesari, in the middle is white, at the bottom is green in equal proportion & the Ashoka Chakra spokes embedded in the center. The ratio of the height to width of the flag is two to three.

    The Ashoka Chakra wheel spokes (the "Wheel of law" of the 3rdcentuary BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka) signifies the historical "depth".

    The color of Saffron/kesari stands for patriotism (balidaan) & piety, White is for simplicity, purity &peace, Green is for agriculture (kheti), farming (kisan), greenery (hariyali) & Prosperity; the navy blue wheel in the center is the "Ashoka Chakra" the wheel of progress .

    http://www.tnmmu.ac.in/flag.html
     
  14. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

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    :rotfl:


    Ps. I am missing comment option here :D
     
    Last edited: Jan 27, 2011
  15. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    Although the Indian Flag is called Tri-colour, there are actually 4 colours in it.

    Saffron, White, Green and Blue.
     
  16. warriorextreme

    warriorextreme Senior Member Senior Member

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    exactly.
    green does not mean pakistan or any other things that you(blackwater) have in mind..no country has any patent or monopoly on colors..
    it does only symbolize our prosperity and nothing else..
     
  17. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    Any nation that has the monopoly over colours would have the monopoly over the rainbow or the spectrum and hence the monopoly over God or the Supreme Creator.

    I daresay, Pakistan is in a position to claim so.

    All they can do is ask the Rainbow Creator to save them since they have become a colourful country with a colourful array of problems that may make it step into Darkness! Total Black devouring all the colours.
     
  18. roma

    roma NRI in Europe Senior Member

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    thanks for the superb topic ....great topic ..... now i know where part of my name came from ..... no one ever told me , till i read this article .

    btw any info abou Sri Venkayyaand ? no dount i will do a google search but any info will still be of great interest.

    the only part i did not like was the fact that millions die for their flags - hope mankind will be intelligent to avoid that .... at least in phases - beginning in the near future.

    thanks for a great post
     
    Last edited: Jan 28, 2011
  19. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    Pingali Venkayya

    Pingali Venkayya

    Pingali Venkayya (Telugu: పింగళి వెంకయ్య) (August 2, 1876 - July 4, 1963) was the designer of the Indian national flag. He was born in Bhatlapenumarru, near Masulipatnam or the present day Machilipatnam of Andhra Pradesh, India to Hanumantharayudu and Venkataratnamma. After high school at Machlipatnam, he went to Colombo to complete his Senior Cambridge. On returning to India, he worked as a railway guard, then as a government employee at Bellary, and later moved to Lahore to join the Anglo-Vedic college to study Urdu and Japanese.

    He was an accomplished person on many fronts. He was immensely knowledgeable in geology and obtained a doctorate in it. He was an authority on diamond mining in Andhra Pradesh and was popularly known as 'Diamond Venkayya'. He also specialised in agriculture and spent most of his fortune in experimenting with ginger plantations in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh. He served in the British Indian army during the Anglo-Boer wars in South Africa. It was there he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi and was influenced by his ideology.

    During the National conference of Indian National congress at Kakinada (as he was staying in a small village called Jandrapet near chirala, prakasam dist.), he suggested that we should have a flag of our own. Gandhi liked this idea and said it would be good if he could come up with a design. During the National conference at vijayawada, he proposed the Tricolour with a charkha at the middle. Gandhi liked the flag and this was later adopted as the National flag of India with the Ashok Chakra at the centre.

    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pingali_Venkayya
     
  20. roma

    roma NRI in Europe Senior Member

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    very good point which we often miss -

    we often talk of 3 colours ( in fact therefore tricolour is not really an appropriate description )

    indeed the blue wheel which signifies progress -

    could it be that we miss seeing it which is why often progress is missing in india's society ?
     
  21. roma

    roma NRI in Europe Senior Member

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    Diamond Pingali Venkayya - what a great man --- railway guard to PhD


    fine example to all indian people

    thank you for the info - it is most informative
     

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