Gujarat’s decade of agricultural success

Discussion in 'Economy & Infrastructure' started by parijataka, Mar 27, 2014.

  1. parijataka

    parijataka Senior Member Senior Member

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    Article from The Hindu Business Line. How Gujarat with scarce water resources has been able to achieve so much, lesson for other states.

    (PS - N Ram of `The Hindu` has been called `The Marx of Mount Road` for his communist leanings and the newspaper is normally anti-BJP/Modi)

    Gujarat’s decade of agricultural success

    Punjab and Haryana have been the flag-bearers of India’s Green Revolution. Adoption of high-yielding seeds of wheat and rice, supported by extensive irrigation and Government’s price support mechanism, has ensured prosperity to the farming community. The structure of agro-economy in several other States such as Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, has been on similar lines. In contrast, Gujarat’s agro-economy stands out due to its market orientation for ensuring fair returns to farmers.

    Gujarat’s agricultural and allied sector has outshined its peers in the last decade by clocking an average annual growth of 11 per cent, compared to an all-India average of 3 per cent between 2001-02 and 2011-12. The agriculture and allied sector has grown as rapidly as the State’s widely acclaimed manufacturing sector during the last decade, although agriculture’s relative contribution to the State’s output has shrunk. Agriculture contributed 11 per cent to the State domestic product in 2011-12 against 17 per cent in 2001-02, as the relative contribution of manufacturing and services sector increased from 37 per cent and 45 per cent in 2001-02 to 41 per cent and 46 per cent by 2011-12.

    A healthy combination of private and public sector initiatives has ensured stable agricultural growth in the State compared to the previous two decades when agricultural growth was volatile and manufacturing and services flourished due to a strong industrial policy and private initiatives. The State’s agriculture is dominated by non-food crops such as cotton, groundnut, cumin, fennel and tobacco.

    High productivity of non-food crops in the State has ensured good produce. Oilseed productivity was 1,600 kg per hectare in 2011-12, nearly 470 kg more than the all-India average, and higher than yield recorded for Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan — the two States which produce more oilseed than Gujarat.

    Gujarat is the leader by production and yield of groundnut and castor seed. To add to the sector’s performance is the strong growth in food grain production since 2000. Marked growth has been observed in case of wheat with production having increased from 1.1 million tonnes in 2001-02 to 4.2 million tonnes in 2010-11. Introduction of Bt cotton in 2002 played a major role in scaling up the value of the fibre’s output by 114 per cent within a year spurred by high-yield and demand. Gujarat produced 120 lakh bales of 170 kg each of cotton in 2011-12, making it the largest producer amongst States and a reliable supplier of raw material to the textile industry. Cotton boom in the last decade brought prosperity to the farmers, but intensified vulnerability from global economic downturn and unstable trade policies. To generate demand within the State and enhance realisation to cotton farmers, the State Government has introduced schemes to promote textile industry under the Textile Policy 2012. Gujarat’s 1,600-km long coastline has ensured availability of commercial varieties of marine fish such as pomfret and shrimp and they constitute 88 per cent of State’s fish production. The State earned foreign exchange worth Rs 2,534 crore in 2011-12 through the export of 198,650 tonnes of fish and fish products. High-value horticulture products have been another source of growth. State’s success in horticulture crops is again led by strong crop productivity.

    For instance, the State’s yield of onion was 24,421 kg per hectare in 2010-11, substantially higher than yield of 11,819 kg per hectare in Maharashtra, which is the largest producer of onion. The State contributes nearly a tenth to India’s fruit output (by volume) and ranks amongst the top five vegetable producers (by volume) in the country. Major fruits grown in Gujarat are banana, mango, citrus and sapota.

    OPERATION FLOOD

    The livestock sector has been a stable performer since Operation Flood of 1970s laid the foundation for extensive procurement of milk by producers’ co-operative unions in each district and established dairy product processing centres. There are 17 co-operative dairy plants in the State with an operating capacity of 125 lakh litres of milk a day. Expanded reach to the urban market has made inroads for contract farming in parts of rural Gujarat. More notably, few private players have contract farms oriented to meet overseas demand for fruits, vegetables, cotton, spices and sesame.

    (This article was published on May 24, 2013)
     
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  3. JBH22

    JBH22 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Before the wankers step in, let me recap the following:

    1. The Hindu Ambani/Adanis agent wrongly publishing articles to boost Modi.
    2. Modi not secular hence the agriculture is all hype.
    3. Agricultural sector was already developed without even Modi.
    4. Snoopgate
    5. Encounter

    Blah blah blah.

    Happy ??
     
  4. parijataka

    parijataka Senior Member Senior Member

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    Another article from archives (dtd 2011).

    Land Act a fraud, learn from Gujarat, says SC
    Fri Aug 05 2011, 09:22 hrs

    Forcible acquisition of land has turned the 117-year-old Land Acquisition Act into a "fraud", the Supreme Court said on Thursday, calling the legislation a handiwork of "sick" minds with no concern for welfare of the poor.

    It went on to praise the Gujarat government, saying no cases of farmers or the poor being uprooted from their land had come to court from the state.

    "The Act has become a fraud. It seems to have been devised by people with a sick mind who had scant regard for the welfare of the common man. It is time the Act is scrapped," a bench of Justices G S Singhvi and H L Dattu observed, while hearing petitions by farmers from Hapur in Uttar Pradesh who had lost 82 acres to a leather industrial complex.

    The 1894 Act is in the process of being repealed, with a new Bill set to be tabled in the Monsoon Session of Parliament.

    The Supreme Court compared states where "forcible acquisition" using an emergency clause under the Act had almost become a norm to Gujarat. "But there is one state from where we do not receive any such complaints. Look at Ahmedabad which is developing but there are no complaints from that place. They have the same officers of the same cadre as in the rest of the country," the court said, adding officers from other states can train under their Gujarat counterparts.

    The court even directly addressed Additional Solicitor General Harin Rawal, who hails from Gujarat, to say that the law officer would "vouch" for the court's remarks about his state's policy on land acquisition.

    On the other hand, the court was harsh on UP counsel Pallabh Sisodia, observing that "if you (UP government) are uprooting people of their only source of livelihood, you should make alternative arrangements for their livelihood and accommodation".

    Noting that land prices were skyrocketing, the Supreme Court said that those with "muscle power" and political clout would take over all private land.
     
  5. aragorn

    aragorn Senior Member Senior Member

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    SC is Modi/Ambani/Adani Agent :mad: :mad:
     

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