Gripen NG For Indian Air Force

Discussion in 'Military Aviation' started by WolfPack86, May 11, 2016.

  1. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Gripen NG is built to adapt to changing threats and operational requirements that modern air forces face.
    Based on the proven Gripen C/D platform, the Gripen Next Generation (Gripen NG, also known as Gripen E/F) carry this heritage and continues to be one of the most advanced multi-role fighters in the world - revolutionary because it combines advanced technology and operational effectiveness in an affordable package that no other fighter aircraft can even hope to match.
    TRUE MULTI-ROLE FIGHTER
    Gripen Next Generation (NG) is a fully NATO-interoperable, true multi-role fighter with outstanding availability, tailored for the future Network Centric Warfare (NCW) environment. Gripen NG will meet the demanding operational requirements of the 21st century air forces and its unrivalled multi-role capability provides excellent tactical flexibility.

    OPERATIONAL DOMINANCE
    Gripen NG offers operational dominance and flexibility with superior mission survivability. Air-to-air superiority is guaranteed with METEOR, AMRAAM, IRIS-T, AIM-9 missile capability and supercruise. Air-to-surface capability is assured through the use of the latest generation precision weapons and targeting sensors. Gripen NG's superior situation awareness is ensured through an AESA radar, IRST passive sensor, HMD, cutting-edge avionics, next generation data processing and a state-of-the-art cockpit.

    NETWORK CENTRIC WARFARE
    Together with proven Network Centric Warfare capabilities including advanced data communications, dual data links, satellite communications and video links, make Gripen NG the ideal independent fighter of choice. On-board sensors, in combination with HMD/NVG, deliver the ability to detect and destroy a wide variety of targets, even at night or in poor weather conditions.
    [​IMG]
    In order to explain why Gripen is the smart fighter system, let us present what a modern multirole-fighter need to perform. A fighter mission can be compared to large scale chess games, where the fighter allows you to get the right situation awareness in order to communicate the right information to take the adequate decision. The same analogy to chess games applies regardless if the mission to perform is air-to-air, reconnaissance or air-to-ground. In all the case the fighter needs the following:

    • Information
    • Movements
    • Weapons


    Information is obtained by the usage of the sensors and the possibility to communicate with other units, the fighter is integrated in a network of communications.



    The performance of the fighter allows the aircraft to have the right movement dependent on the situation provided to him from its own sensors or other sensors from other units (land, sea or air).
    In order to participate in an active role in the chess game a modern multi role fighter needs to be a balanced design between, performance, sensors, communication, weapons carriage, countermeasure, stealth and cost among other criteria. Cost has always been a design parameter and Saab’s engineers are asked to maximise performance at a given cost, not just to maximise performance freely.



    The Gripen NG fighter is equipped with the latest available technics in those keys areas.
    http://saab.com/air/gripen-fighter-system/gripen/gripen/the-fighter/gripen-ng/
     
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  3. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]
    AESA
    The radar for Gripen NG is produced by Selex in Scotland and called ES-05 Raven. ES-05 is an AESA radar, which is state of the art for new fighters nowadays. AESA stands for Active Electronically Scanned Array and means that, in contrast to older generation radars, it has not only one antenna but a full array of small antennas, called elements.

    Tactical advantages

    This means that the radar can simultaneously and independently track different targets, and also track targets independently of search volumes. The ability to control the elements separately and the high speed re-direction give Gripen a significant tactical advantage.

    Radar summing up

     
  4. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    IRST
    [​IMG]

    The IRST for Gripen NG is produced by Selex in Italy and called Skyward G. IRST stands for Infrared Search and Track and is an electro-optical system mounted in the nose of Gripen NG. Its sensor sits on top of the nose, just in front of the canopy, and is looking forward in a wide sector registering heat emissions from other aircraft, helicopters and from objects on the ground and sea surface. The IRST is a passive sensor, meaning that it never emits any energy. It only listens for energy coming from other sources. The tactical advantage of a passive sensor is that it will not give your position away. Opponents will have no indication whatsoever that Gripen NG is using its IRST to monitor their activities.



    IRST Summing up:


     
  5. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    ELECTRONIC WARFARE (EW)
    [​IMG]
    Gripen NG has a highly advanced Electronic Warfare (EW) system. The EW system can function as a passive sensor, working like a Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) indicating if a radar is looking at you or MAWS (Missile Approach Warning System) indicating the approach of an missile. In an active mode the EW system can also actively jam the enemy radars, making the fighter disappear from radar screens or appearing in another location.

    Coupled to the countermeasure such as chaff and flares the EW system can enhance the survivability.

    Electronic warfare summing up

     
  6. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    WEAPONS - INTEGRATION OF ALL MODERN WEAPONS
    [​IMG]
    In addition to the wide range of weapons and stores already in the arsenal, almost any weapon can be integrated, giving Gripen very high weapon flexibility. This is partly due to the flexible avionic architecture. Because of its well-documented ease of new weapon integration, Gripen served as the main test platform for Meteor, the latest long range air to air missile. The high weapon flexibility in Gripen basically means that the weapon solution, to a great extent, can be customised at a lower cost than for equivalent fighter platforms.



    Summing Up

     
  7. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    COMMUNICATION RADIO AND DATA LINKS
    [​IMG]
    Gripen NG is a Network Centric fighter. This means that the aircraft has the possibility to communicate two ways with all armed units. It has a secure and multi-frequency data links system that provides total situation awareness for all involved participants in an operation.

    The communication is secured by the usage of encryption. The codes for the encryption are under control of the customer.

    The acquired information – along with information about each Gripen’s position, fuel and weapon status – is shared with other Gripen fighters via the data link.



    Communications summing up:

    • Secured communication with customer sovereignty over encryption.
    • All type of information can be received or transmitted between Gripen or from other sources
      • For example fuel information, radar information
    • Different links:
     
  8. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    SENSOR FUSION AND DECISION SUPPORT
    [​IMG]
    Having a large amount of information in the aircraft computer is of no use if it is too hard for the pilot to understand. In Gripen, a great deal of effort is focused on presenting the situation clearly and understandably, ensuring that the Gripen pilot always has superior situational awareness.

    The information is presented in an advanced fully digital cockpit layout with three large colour, Multi-Functional Displays (MFD) and in the head-up display (HUD). The information from all sensors are displayed in order to get the pilot an easy to understand overview of all available information to help him to take the right decisions.

    This combine with a Hands-On-Throttle-And-Stick (HOTAS) command, giving direct access to all needed functions (fly command and system command), the pilot can perform his work with a superior combat advantage.

    Sensor Fusion and presentation summing up:Information from all systems and sensors are melted together into one single picture

    An easy to understand picture is presented to the pilot through

     
  9. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    MOST COST EFFICIENT FIGHTER ON THE MARKET
    [​IMG]
    Gripen has a very moderate life cycle cost compared to its competitors. Life cycle cost equals acquisition cost plus operational costs during the entire lifetime. Flight hour cost is a parameter included in operational cost. When comparing these costs, it’s important to calculate with equal conditions, i.e. to compare “apples with apples”. An independent study based on open source ordered by Saab was conducted by IHS Jane’s with the following results:



    Gripen has a considerably lower flight hour cost than its competitors. Some competitors are even several times more expensive than Gripen. There are three main reasons for this:
    [​IMG]
    Cost consciousness from the start:

    • Cost has always been a design parameter and Saab’s engineers are asked to maximise performance at a given cost, not just to maximise performance freely.
    • Cost is a design parameter
    • Maintenance and mean time between failure is part of the design variables
    • We select the best suppliers
      • Saab is a systems integrator for Gripen.
      • For every system category, we look for the best price-performance, choose freely, and select the suppliers that best meet our high standards.
    • Lean and model based development
      • The models provide early design validation which reduces risk.
      • The models help engineers to visualise systems’ behaviour and thereby help avoiding misunderstandings
    Cost Summing up:

     
  10. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    SURVIVABILITY AND COUNTERMEASURE
    [​IMG]
    Radar Warning Receiver



    Gripen is built for high survivability in a combat environment. Gripen tactics are based on smart use of a variety of electronic warfare capabilities. The RWR (Radar Warning Receiver) is the source for an accurate sensor for detecting emitting threats such as radar.



    Missile approach warning system

    Gripen NG has a sophisticated Missile Approach Warning (MAW) system. The MAW system uses passive sensors and can detect and track incoming missiles of all types! Not only radar-guided missiles but also passively guided IR missiles can be detected and the correct defensive actions taken.

    Countermeasures

    Gripen is a survivor. There are many reasons for this, one of them being the fact that it can carry a vast number of chaff packets and flares – substantially more than many competitors. For the Gripen NG, this ability is further enhanced with an even greater number of chaff, flares and pyrophoric chaff – so called hot chaff.

    If ever attacked, a Gripen pilot can rely on the strong protection provided by all the defensive countermeasures released, tricking incoming missiles to change their course.

    Survivability and countermeasure summing up:

    Effective system awareness with

    AESA Radar

    IRST

    EW system

    RWR – Radar Warning Reicever

    MAWS – Missile approach warning system

    Large amounts of countermeasure dispensers

    Chaff, hot chaff, flares in pre-programmed sequences
    http://saab.com/air/gripen-fighter-system/gripen/gripen/the-fighter/Gripen-NG/
     
  11. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    RANGE AND COMBAT RADIUS
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    Ferry range



    Gripen C has an overall maximum ferry range of approximately 3000 km. The ferry range is reached at high altitude when carrying the maximum allowed external fuel and no weapons attached. The ferry range for Gripen NG with large drop tanks (optional) is approximately 4000 km.



    Combat radius



    The maximum combat radius for Gripen NG on an air-to-ground mission is approximately 1500 km. Such a sortie involves flying to a target releasing A/G weapons and returning to home base. The actual combat radius depends on how the configuration of the carried external stores and the type of profile flown. Gripen NG has a combat radius well in parity with most competitors.



    Time on station
    The maximum time on station during a mission depends on the stores carried and the distance from the home base to the CAP (Combat Air Patrol) station. For example, in a typical air-to-air configuration, Gripen NG can patrol more than two hours on a CAP station more than 900 km from the home base. Gripen NG has a relatively long time-on-station capability compared with most competitors.



    Range and combat radius summing up:

     
  12. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
    TECHNICAL DETAILS FOR GRIPEN NG
    Lenght over all 15.2 meters
    Width over all 8.6 meters
    Maximum take off weight 16500 kg
    Max thrust 98 kN
    Hardpoints 10
    Maximum speed Mach 2 (Supercruise)
    Combat turnaround air-to-air
    10 minutes





    [​IMG]
    BATTLEFIELD NETWORK
    The Gripen data link system (TIDLS), along with a Link 16 or National Data Link provide the following capabilities:

    • Data link within the Tactical Air Unit
    • Data link between Gripen. AEW&C and C2 centries on ground or at sea
    • Data link with Forward Air Controller
    MULTI-ROLE CAPABILITY
    Gripen NG has weapons for all types of mission, from guided glide bombs for precision engagement with low collateral damage, to long-range and agile air-to-air missiles and heavy anti-ship armaments. Additionally, the aircraft has an inherent precision strike and stand-off capability.


    The single-seat Gripen NG is equipped with a 27 mm Mauser BK27 gun. This can be used in air-to-surface attacks against land and sea targets and is suitable for air policing missions. Gripen NG can also carry pods and sensors for reconnaissance and special missions. These include Litening, Reccelite, DJRP and MRPS pods.



    It is one of the easiest aircraft of its kind to add new weapons to. This makes it a favourite among weapons companies as they can quickly and easily use Gripen for development. For example, it was selected for testing the Meteor missile. This benefits users, as new armaments are available to them more quickly compared to other aircraft.

    [​IMG]

    http://saab.com/air/gripen-fighter-system/gripen/gripen/the-fighter/Gripen-NG/
     
  13. WolfPack86

    WolfPack86 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Gripen NG Fighter Pictures
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
    smestarz and Lions Of Punjab like this.
  14. smestarz

    smestarz Senior Member Senior Member

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    Wonderful marketing by SAAB, unfortulately India is already covered in the area where Gripen might be in use with our own Tejas.
     
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  15. Mikesingh

    Mikesingh Senior Member Senior Member

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    But on a scale of 10, where does the Tejas Mk 1 or Mk II stand in relation to the Gripen NG?
     
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  16. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

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  17. Rahul Singh

    Rahul Singh Senior Member Senior Member

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    Does not matter where it stands as of now. Tejas and NLCA is not fully developed yet but since it is our product we can progressively increase its capability and bring it to where we need. But since question has been asked i will give Tejas lesser marks than Gripen C and LCA MK-2 than Gripen E. But in both cases, reason is lesser internal volume, which reduces fuel load, hence lesser marks. Rest is comparable or better say will be.
     
  18. rohit b3

    rohit b3 Regular Member

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    These are paid articles by import lobbyists.
    Tejas mk1A compares well with Gripen C at almost half the cost.

    Tejas is evolving the same way like Gripen did. Initially there was a basic Gripen A/B . Then came the Gripen C/D and now from 2019 Gripen NG.
    Similarly...Tejas mk1....Tejas mk1A and about 2025 onwards Tejas mk2.

    Looking at the progress of Tejas we can say Tejas mk2 would compare well with Gripen NG as well.

    We are a few years behind, but we are clearly catching up, not to mention we have a Naval version as well. All this just at a Developmental cost of less than 2 Billion$ till now.
    While the developmental cost of Gripen is 13 Bil$!
     
  19. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

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    Can you please provide price of both the aircrafts.

    From where you get that....!
     
  20. rohit b3

    rohit b3 Regular Member

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    Tejas mk1A is estimated to cost around 30mil$ flyaway
    Gripen C costs 69 Mil$ Fly away

    The developmental cost till the Gripen C was 13.54 Bil$ to be precise

    http://www.defense-aerospace.com/dae/articles/communiques/FighterCostFinalJuly06.pdf

    Look at page 8.

    Similarly , Rafale programme cost is 30 Bil$ (Page 7)

    While here in India, they make a big issue even sanctioning 1 Bil$ and call it a "Waste of money" , while they are ready to spend 7 Bil$ on Foreign products without even T-o-T.
     
  21. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

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    Sir, as per your own link, the Unit Procurement Cost: $ 68.90 million ($55.1 million excluding VAT) , not fly away
    cost.

    And again, as per your own link, the fly away cost is .................... Gripen International AB says “the fly-away cost of a Gripen in the market is between $35 million and $40 million.”


    Don't spread lies here.



    Very clever.

    But using links from wiki page won't help you sir.
    Just check the descriptions ( in References / NOTE section of that page, from where you got your link, [the wiki page of Saab JAS 39 Gripen] ) it says .............. The Defense Material Agency reported 99 billion Swedish krona for the program between 1982 and 2009, including expenses for weapons and simulators.

    You are talking about entire Gripen aircraft's development cost including expenses for weapons and simulators and that too since 1982, the fact is Gripen A entered in service in 1996 / 97 .
     

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