Gen 'X' Tactical Lifters and Multi Role Airliners. Worldwide.

Discussion in 'Indian Air Force' started by Rahul Singh, Jul 22, 2010.

  1. Rahul Singh

    Rahul Singh Senior Member Senior Member

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    Brief Introduction:

    The A400M is a larger, more modern, more flexible aircraft specifically designed for today’s requirements and those of the future.

    This aircraft can travel further and faster with a larger payload. It is a multi-role transport, which is more economical to operate, and which exploits the benefits of state-of-the-art technology.

    Strategic and Tactical Capabilities

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    *Large Cargo both by Weight & Volume:- Transporting a whole range of disaster relief equipment and modern military armoured fighting vehicles.

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    *High Speed / High Level:- Meeting the need for rapid response while increasing fleet productivity.

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    *Short Unprepared Airlift Performance:- Enabling operations on short soft airfields for delivery cargo directly to where the cargo is needed.

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    *Autonomous Ground Operations:- Reducing turnaround times, especially under hostile conditions, without the need for specialist Ground Support Equipment.

    Operational Flexibility

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    *Airdrop:- Dropping larger/heavier loads and more paratroops from both high and low altitudes than other airlifters.

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    *CASEVAC / MEDEVAC:- Enabling Casevac directly from the theatre of operations to main forward base. Providing Medevac assistance from the main forward base to the national home base.

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    *Survivability:- Enabling operations in hostile environment: hard to find, hard to hit, hard to kill.

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    *Air-to-Air Refuelling:- Refuelling fighters and helicopters and other large aircraft at those aircraft prefered speeds or heights.

    Specifications and Performance

    General Dimensions
    Overall Length 45.1 m (148 ft)
    Overall Height 14.7 m (48 ft 2 in)
    Wing Span 42.4 m (139 ft 1 in)
    Landing Gear Track 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in)

    Weights
    Max. Take-off Weight 141,000 kg (310,851 lb)
    Max. Landing Weight 122,000 kg (268,963 lb)
    Maximum Payload 37,000 kg (81,571 lb)
    Internal Fuel Weight 50,500 kg (111,330 lb)

    Cargo Hold Dimensions
    Cargo Hold Length (excluding ramp) 17.71 m (58 ft 1 in)
    Ramp useful Length 5.40 m (17 ft 9 in)
    Cargo Hold Height 3.85 m (12 ft 7 in)
    Cargo Hold Height aft of wing 4.00 m (13 ft 1 in)
    Cargo Hold Width 4.00 m (13 ft 1 in)
    Cargo Hold Volume (gross)³ 340 m³ (12,007 ft³)

    Performance
    Max. Operating Altitude - Normal Operations 11,278 m (37,000 ft)
    Cruise Speed Range (Mach) 0.68 – 0.72 M
    Engines 4 x EuroProp International TP400-D6
    Engine Power Rating 11,000 shp class
     
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  3. Agantrope

    Agantrope Senior Member Senior Member

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    Rahul it would be nice to see the C-27J Spartans. Please post it if you come across it
     
  4. Rahul Singh

    Rahul Singh Senior Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]

    Introduction

    The C-27J Spartan is the perfect fixed-wing multipurpose cargo aircraft for today’s diverse missions. Extremely maneuverable and versatile, the rugged C-27J boasts the highest power-to-weight ratio in its class and the ability to perform 3.0g force maneuvers in the style of fighter aircraft, enabling tight turns and a rapid climb and descent. The C-27J can fly farther, faster and higher than any other twin engine military transport aircraft in its class.

    The C-27J features the unique capability to vary cargo floor height and continuously adjust attitude, ensuring easy loading and unloading of large volume, highdensity payloads without ground support equipment and also facilitating drive-in/out of vehicles so that they can be in use immediately.

    The C-27J offers significantly more capability than any other aircraft in its class. Its large flight envelope allows it to carry out the most demanding tactical missions quickly, safely and effectively.

    Operational Capability
    The C-27J’s structural strength, power and system redundancy provide a high level of safety and an unbeatable mission accomplishment rate. The C-27J has outstanding threat-avoidance capabilities, including a take-off ground run of about 1,900 feet at maximum take-off weight on an unpaved surface. In a tactical environment, the aircraft is capable of climbing to 10,000 ft in 3 minutes, descending from 10,000 ft in under 2.5 minutes, and can handle up to 3.0g forces. At its maximum landing weight, the C-27J has a ground roll of less than 1,115 ft.

    Operators
    The C-27J is in service with the Air Forces of Greece, Italy, Lithuania and Bulgaria. The aircraft is also under production for the U.S. Army and Air Force’s Joint Cargo Aircraft (JCA) program. The C-27J is the best selling twin-turboprop military tactical airlifter in the world, ordered by six air forces: Italian (12 aircraft), Greek (12, plus 3 options), Lithuanian (3), Bulgarian (5) and by the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force (78), for a total of 110 aircraft. Furthermore, the C-27J has also been selected by the Romanian Air Force for 7 aircraft, with a contract currently under negotiation.

    Manufacturers says
    No other aircraft in its class can offer a solution with comparable range, payload, flexibility or reliability.

    Avionics

    The C-27J Spartan has a state-of-the-art suite of standard off-the-shelf military equipment integrated with military standard digital data bus architecture. The avionics represent the most advanced system available in tactical airlifters, and is compatible with emerging Future Air Navigation System (FANS) requirements. The avionics and cockpit were designed with growing capability in mind to satisfy specific customer needs.

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    Cockpit
    The C-27J is equipped with electronic flight instrumentation system (EFIS), incorporating five liquid crystal color multi-functional display units (CMDU) that provide aircraft control, operations and navigation data.

    The basic avionics configuration includes:

    Modern Electronic Flight Integration System (EFIS)
    Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS)
    Military based Flight Management Systems (FMS)
    Dual Digital Autopilot/Flight Directors (DA/FD)
    Dual Embedded GPS Inertials (EGI)
    Communication, Navigation, and Identification-Management System (CNI-MS)
    Two Very High Frequency (VHF)/Ultra High Frequency (UHF) radio sets
    Two High Frequency (HF) radio sets
    Low Power Color Radar (LPCR)
    Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR)
    Digital Flight Data Recorder (DFDR)
    Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)

    With a full suite of navigation aids, Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS) compatible cockpit and NVIS compatible internal and external lighting, the C-27J Spartan can operate in all weather conditions, day and night.

    Powerplant

    The C-27J is powered by two Rolls-Royce E 2100D2 engines capable of up to 4,637 shp each, and equipped with full authority digital electronic control. The strong propulsion system allows for access to a wide range of airfields, enabling landings on short, unprepared strips, in hot weather and high-altitude conditions - all while transporting heavy loads. With a maximum take-off weight (in a combat scenario) of 67,241 lbs (3.0 g), a cruising ceiling of 30,000 ft and a maximum speed of 325 knots, the C-27J Spartan is guaranteed to get in, get out and get the job done.

    A third APU makes the aircraft completely independent from external support, increasing the operational effectiveness in forward deployed areas. In addition, the APU is fully operational in the entire flight envelope, including engine-starting capability up to 22,000 ft.

    Engine specification
    Power 4637 SHP
    Propeller Dowty R-391 six-blade
    Diameter (m) 4.11 (ft) 13 a 5

    SPECIFICATIONS

    Weights
    Maximum take off weight (logistic) (lb) 70,107 (kg) 31,800
    Maximum take off weight (basic) (lb) 67,241 (kg) 30,500
    Maximum landing weight (6 FPS sink rate) (lb) 67,241 (kg) 30,500
    Normal landing weight (10 FPS sink rate) (lb) 60,627 (kg) 27,500
    Maximum payload (lb) 25,353 (kg) 11,500
    Fuel capacity (US Gal) 3,255 (l) 12,320
    Optional fuel tank (US Gal) 402 (l) 1,520

    Configurations and Loads
    Troop transport up to 68 +2 loadmasters
    Paratroop transport up to 46 +2 loadmasters (seats @ 20” MIL-S-27174B)
    Cargo transport/Low Velocity Air Drop (LVAD) up to 25,353 lbs/19,842 lbs
    12E (54”x88”)
    7 HCU-12E (54”x88”)
    12 A22 CDS Bundles with a maximum weight of 19,842 lbs
    LAPES up to 11,200 lbs
    Wheeled and tracked vehicles, spare engines, etc.
    Medevac 36 stretchers + 6 medical attendants

    Performance
    Tactical take off ground run (MTOW, ISA, S.L.) (ft) 1,903 (m) 580
    One engine out ceiling at ISA, 95% MTOW (ft) 14,500 (m) 4,420
    Maximum service ceiling (ft) 30,000 (m) 9,144
    Maximum cruise speed 315 Ktas at MTOW
    Landing ground roll (MLW normal, ISA, S.L.) (ft) 1,115 (m) 340
    Range (logistic operation)
    • with 22,046 lbs of payload (nm) 1,000 (km) 1,852
    • with 13,227 lbs of payload (nm) 2,300 (km) 4,260
    • Ferry (nm) 3,200 (km) 5,926
     
  5. Rahul Singh

    Rahul Singh Senior Member Senior Member

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    IRKUT MS-21 A Gen X Airliner

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    Introduction

    Irkut MS-21 is a twin-engine medium-range single aisle passenger jetliner being designed by Irkut & Yakovlev Design Bureau and manufactured by United Aircraft (UAC) group, Russia. The aircraft is being developed under the Federal Civil Aviation Program (FCAP) until 2015. Sukhoi, Beriev and Ilyushin are the other partners in the FCAP.

    The aircraft is based on Yakovlev Yak-242 and will replace the aging Tupolev Tu-154. It currently carries 80% of Russian passengers and freight traffic. The MS-21 can accommodate 150 to 212 passengers. It is expected to be more efficient than its counterparts manufactured by Boeing and Airbus.


    The maiden flight of the aircraft will take place in 2010 and is scheduled to enter into service in 2016. The certification of the aircraft is planned for 2016.

    MS-21 aircraft variants

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    The MS-21 has four variants – MS-21-100, MS-21-200, MS-21-300 and MS-21-400.

    The MS-21-100 was a basic model, which could accommodate up to 132 passengers. Irkut decided to terminate the production of MS-21-100 and use the finances to increase the capacity of MS-21-300 to 198 passengers. The variant will have similar characteristics of a 110 to 130-seat Sukhoi Superjet 100.

    The MS-21-200 is an advanced model in its fleet and will feature similar capabilities as the Airbus A319 and Boeing 737-700. It can accommodate up to 162 passengers.

    The MS-21-300 is the latest model of MS-21 jetliner. It will accommodate up to 198 passengers.

    Another variant, the MS-21-400 is an extended version and will have similar configurations of Airbus A321, Boeing 737-900ER, Boeing 757-200 and Tupolev Tu-204-100/214. It will accommodate up to 230 passengers.

    MS-21 development

    The development of the MS-21 aircraft will begin in 2010. It will be manufactured at Irkut's plant in Irkutsk, Russia. Irkut plans to introduce a customer-oriented approach to the aircraft's development to enable customisation during the early phases of its production.

    Under a contract signed in March 2008, Sukhoi will design and develop the wings (made up of composite hydrocarbon fibres) for the MS-21 medium-haul passenger jetliner.

    Avionics development will take place in both Russia and the US. The aircraft has been in pre-design phase until 2009. The first prototype is planned for 2013 with the first flight scheduled for 2014.

    Goodrich will join hands with Russia-based Aviapribor to design, develop and supply the flight-control actuation systems to all models of MS-21 aircraft. The advanced fly-by-wire control technology deployed in the aircraft by Goodrich offers lower weight, enhanced reliability and ease of maintenance.

    The landing gear for the aircraft will be designed and developed by Hydromash.

    MS-21 aircraft features

    A $2.3bn contract was awarded to Hamilton Sundstrand in August 2009 to provide multiple systems for the MS-21 commercial aircraft family.

    The MS-21 aircraft will feature Hamilton's advanced electric power-generating system, secondary electrical power distribution, auxiliary power unit, wing anti-ice and bleed air conditioning for the nitrogen-generation system. Additionally, Hamilton Sundstrand will partner with NPO Nauka and Kidde Aerospace & Defence to develop fire detection and suppression system.

    Aircraft flight deck

    The flight deck of the MS-21 accommodates two crew, the pilot and the co-pilot.

    MS-21 avionics

    Irkut awarded a contract to Rockwell Collins in December 2009 to provide avionics and pilot control devices for the advanced MS-21 aircraft.

    Rockwell's avionics suite to be installed in the aircraft will include communication, navigation, surveillance systems, multi-scan hazard detection system and information management structure. The aircraft will also be equipped with electronic flight bags, sidestick controls, rudder system, speed brake control lever modules and trim control panel.

    PW1000G turbofan engines:

    In December 2009, Irkut selected Pratt & Whitney for providing the PurePower PW1000G turbofan engine. The core testing of the PurePower PW1000G engine was completed in January 2010. The complete engine testing will be carried out by summer 2010.

    The aircraft will be powered by two Pratt & Whitney PW1000G turbojet engines. Each engine can produce a maximum of 11,000kg - 12,000kg thrust. It is a fan-driven gear system engine, which reduces fuel consumption, CO2 and NOx emissions, engine noise and operating costs by double digits.

    The fan will be separated from the low-pressure compressor and turbine, while allowing the aircraft to achieve its optimum speeds.

    MS-21 aircraft performance:

    The cruise speed of the aircraft is 850km/h. The range and altitude of the MS-21 are 4,700km and 11,600m respectively. The endurance of the aircraft is 60,000 hours. Its maximum take-off weight is 65,000kg.

    Key Facts

    Key Data:
    Role: Narrow-body passenger jetliner
    CrewTwo (pilot and co-pilot)
    CountryRussia
    Passenger Capacity132 (MS-21-100), 150 (MS-21-200), 180 (MS-21-300), 210 (MS-21-400)
    Maiden Flight2014
    Entry into Service2016

    Key Players:
    Manufacturer United Aircraft Corporation
    DesignerIrkut Corporation & Yakovlev Design Bureau
    Contractors / SuppliersEngine: Pratt & Whitney
    Avionics: Rockwell Collins, Avionika, Aviapribor Holding
    Wings: Sukhoi Corporation

    Dimensions:
    Length35.9m (MS-21-200), 41.5m (MS-21-300), 46.7m (MS-21-400)
    Wingspan35.9m
    Height11.4m (MS-21-200), 11.5m MS-21-300), 12.7m (MS-21-400)
    Volume of Cargo Space37.4m³ (MS-21-200), 53.3m³ (MS-21-300), 70.1m3 (MS-21-400)

    Weights:
    Maximum Take-Off Weight65,800kg (MS-21-100), 65,800kg (MS-21-200), 71,100kg (MS-21-300), and 72,000kg (MS-21-400)
    Estimated Payload12,540kg (MS-21-100), 14,800kg (MS-21-200), 16,530kg (MS-21-300), and 16,530kg (MS-21-400)
    Maximum Mass Fuel22l

    Engines:
    TypePratt & Whitney PW1000G turbojet engine
    Number of EnginesTwo
    Thrust11,000-12,000kg

    Performance:
    Cruise Speed850km/h
    Range4,700km (MS-21-100), 5,500km (MS-21-200), 4,500km (MS-21-300 and 400)
    Maximum Altitude11,600m
    Length of the Runway2,100m (MS-21-100), 2,400 (MS-21-200,300, and 400)
    Endurance60,000 hours
     

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