In the Ancient Afghanistan there were the magnificent Hindu Kingdon like the Mauryas and the Gandhara. The exploits of these wonderful Kingdom are Well Known. There were well endowed Culturally,spiritualy and Militarily. The ancient Religion Zoarastrian has probably orignated from there. Mauryans Ashoka made the Grant Trunk Road long time back and built good Roads and Restrooms throughout the present Day Afghanistan. Art and Culture flourished there. Kushan Empire Early in the 2nd century under Kanishka, the most powerful of the Kushan rulers, the empire reached its greatest geographic and cultural breadth to become a center of literature and art. Kanishka extended Kushan control to the mouth of the Indus River on the Arabian Sea, into Kashmir, and into what is today the Chinese-controlled area north of Tibet. Kanishka was a patron of religion and the arts. It was during his reign that Buddhism, which was promoted in northern India earlier by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka (c. 260 BCâ€“232 BC), reached its zenith in Central Asia. All the excerpts are taken from Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Islamic_period_of_Afghanistan In addition to that there were kabul Shahi,Achaemenid ,Alexander,Kabul Shahi and much More. And Compare those Gloriuos Times to the Present Day Islamic Afghanistan. I mean what is there apart from terrorism, Killing,Ambushes,War,Destroying of Bamyan Statue,Dogs Called taliban. I mean Islam has really ruined Afghanistan. I will Quote Al-Biruni who was the Historian at that time. Quoted by him in Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gandhara Al Biruni writing c. 1030 CE, reported on the devastation caused during the conquest of Gandhara and much of northwest India by Mahmud of Ghazni following his defeat of Jayapala in the Battle of Peshawar at Peshawar in 1001: "Now in the following times no Muslim conqueror passed beyond the frontier of KÃ¢bul and the river Sindh until the days of the Turks, when they seized the power in Ghazna under the SÃ¢mÃ¢nÃ® dynasty, and the supreme power fell to the lot of NÃ¢á¹£ir-addaula Sabuktagin. This prince chose the holy war as his calling, and therefore called himself al-GhÃ¢zÃ® ("the warrior/invader"). In the interest of his successors he constructed, in order to weaken the Indian frontier, those roads on which afterwards his son Yamin-addaula Maá¸¥mÃ»d marched into India during a period of thirty years and more. God be merciful to both father and son ! Maá¸¥mÃ»d utterly ruined the prosperity of the country, and performed there wonderful exploits, by which the Hindus became like atoms of dust scattered in all directions, and like a tale of old in the mouth of the people. Their scattered remains cherish, of course, the most inveterate aversion towards all Muslims. This is the reason, too, why Hindu sciences have retired far away from those parts of the country conquered by us, and have fled to places which our hand cannot yet reach, to Kashmir, Benares, and other places. And there the antagonism between them and all foreigners receives more and more nourishment both from political and religious sources." During the closing years of the tenth and the early years of the succeeding century of our era, Mahmud the first Sultan and Musalman of the Turk dynasty of kings who ruled at Ghazni, made a succession of inroads twelve or fourteen in number, into Gandhar â€“ the present Peshwar valley â€“ in the course of his proselytizing invasions of Hindustan. Fire and sword havoc and destruction, marked his course everywhere. Gandhar which was styled the Garden of the North was left at his death a weird and desolate waste. Its rich fields and fruitful gardens, together with the canal which watered them (the course of which is still partially traceable in the western part of the plain), had all disappeared. Its numerous stone built cities, monasteries, and topes with their valuable and revered monuments and sculptures, were sacked, fired, razed to the ground, and utterly destroyed as habitations.