Construction Of Chinese Type 022 Fast Attack Craft For Pakistani Navy Started

Discussion in 'Pakistan' started by JAYRAM, Mar 8, 2011.

  1. JAYRAM

    JAYRAM 2 STRIKE CORPS Senior Member

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    China formally started the manufacturing of two state-of-the-art fast attack missile crafts for the Pakistan Navy. These crafts are an addition to a couple of naval frigates which are being built for the strategic partner.
    The ceremony of the Fast Attack Craft FAC(M) of Pakistan Navy was held at Xinggang Shipyard. The Pakistan navy has signed a contract with Offshore International Company Limited (CSOC) & China Shipbuilding for the construction of the two modern missile crafts which will be geared with the latest sensors and weapons.

    The Vice Admiral Tanveer Faiz Ahmed of the Pakistan Navy attended the ceremony. The arrangement states that one of the crafts will be built in Tianjin while the other one will be manufactured in Pakistan’s Karachi docks. The first craft was expected to be inducted in the force last October. At the moment there is no information about the financial agreements on this deal.

    China is deeply involved in a series of defence projects with its ally. This includes the joint development of the JF-17 Thunder fighter jet which will be manufactured by both countries with engines supplied by Russia.
    A couple of naval frigates for the Pakistan Navy are also being constructed in china and at the moment three of them have been inducted into service. The fourth one is still being manufactured in the Karachi Shipyard.
     
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  3. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    Type 022 (Houbei Class) Fast Attack Missile Craft

    Type 022 (Houbei Class) Fast Attack Missile Craft

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    SinoDefence

    The Type 022 (NATO codename: Houbei class) is the new-generation catamaran (twin-gull) missile fast attack craft (FAC) built for the PLA Navy. The first-of-class (hull number 2209) was launched in April 2004 at the Qiuxin Shipyard based in Shanghai. Six contractors are now involved in the construction of the Type 022, with about 40 hulls delivered by the end of 2007. More hulls are expected in the next few years. The vessel replaces the ageing Type 021 (Huangfeng class) that were commissioned between the late 1960s and early 1980s.

    Design

    The Type 022 features a wave-piercing catamaran hull design known as Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull (SWATH). Traditional catamaran hull design provides a large and broad decks, but it has a poor stability in high seas at high speeds. The modified wave-piercing catamaran, with its hull volume in the sea’s surface minimised, becomes very stable even on choppy seas. The bulk of the displacement necessary to keep the ship afloat is located beneath the waves, where it is less affected by wave action, as wave excitation drops exponentially with depth.

    The main disadvantages to the SWATH hull form are that they are expensive than conventional catamaran or mono-hulled ships, requiring a complex control system. The PRC reportedly obtained the SWATH catamaran design from AMD Marine Consulting, a very successful catamaran designer based in Australia. The company has a joint venture company called Sea Bus International based in China, specialising in designing civilian catamarans such as passenger ferries. The SWATH design was allegedly used by Chinese shipbuilding contractors to develop the Type 022 missile FAC.

    The Type 022 missile FAC is the world’s first combat catamaran. Although a number of logistic and combat support vessels in the catamaran form were tested in the past, no catamaran has ever been built for direct combat role in the modern naval history. Coincidently, the U.S. Navy is also testing a high-speed, wave-piercing catamaran known as FSF1 ‘Sea Fighter’ for the littoral warfare role.

    The Type 022 is 40m in length, 12m in beam, and 1.5m in draught. The vessel has a full displacement of 220 tonnes. The propulsion includes two diesels rated at 6,865hp and two water jets, giving a maximum speed of 36 knots. The vessel is operated by 12~14 crew.

    The design of the Type 022 has been directed to minimise the radar cross-section signature. The hull of the vessel is sloped and the windows all have jagged edges in order to limit the radar reflectivity. The hull carries camouflage paint schemes, which differs slightly according to the areas in which the vessels are deployed. Vessels deployed in northern regions carry a black-grey-blue-white four-colour camouflage, while those in southern region have a much brighter camouflage with mostly white-grey-blue.

    Weapon Systems

    The vessel is equipped with eight YJ-83 anti-ship missiles housed in two large missile launch complexes at the stern. On the front deck locates a Russian AK-630 30mm close-in weapon system (CIWS) for short-range air defence. There are also two 4-cell tube launchers on the bow deck, possibly for launching decoys/chaffs.

    The craft has a single large mask on which a number of unidentified sensors are mounted. A datalink antenna is located between the two missile launch complexes for receiving target information from sea- or air-based sensors, enabling the 'over-the-horizon' strike against surface targets.

    Last update: 1 March 2009

    Source: http://www.sinodefence.com/navy/littoral/type022.asp

    To see images, click to enlarge:
    type022_01.jpg type022_03large.jpg type022_04large.jpg
     
    Last edited: Mar 8, 2011
  4. Rage

    Rage DFI TEAM Stars and Ambassadors

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    Besides, this thread is going way off topic. Time to get back to the subject of discussion-- fast attack boats. Chop chop.
     
  5. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    well, the boat is just crappy copy junk....so, don't worry about it!
     
  6. JBH22

    JBH22 Senior Member Senior Member

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    I just don't like the paint job otherwise it appears to be a potent platform equipped with 8 Missiles its more than enough for missile boat. Btw its high time for India to launch its own stealth missile boat.
     
  7. cw2005

    cw2005 Regular Member

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    This type of boat is for defence purpose only as they could not travel too far away from home base without supports. The thing I have been wondering is why the Chinese put the CIWS gun there instead of somewhere it could cover wider. In the current position, it could mostly cover about 180 degree horizontally only. Anyone knows the reason?
     
  8. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    The CIWS gun placed infront is used as main gun for offensive, not as defensive. its a good weapons to shoot small fishing boats and other targets.....
     

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