http://www.people.com.cn/GB/paper53/16887/1483805.html Analysis of every hue various types of charts, we can see, Chinese enterprises take the lead often are state-owned enterprises, and the situation of India is opposite, India enterprises real walking in front of it is the private enterprise. Private economy in China." To break through the bottleneck, go" today, the development of India private enterprise experience is valuable for us to learn in. In Hewitt last year's Asia-Pacific salary increase survey, India enterprises to pay the highest rates of growth enterprises, and Chinese enterprises only up to fourth. At the same time, in the near future gave " Asia Pacific Leadership Talent best employers in India", the company occupied the 5 place, while Chinese enterprises even without a list. The results are somewhat beyond all expectations. Chinese private enterprises started late, lack of experience Compared with the private economy in India, the private enterprise of our country is still the birth baby. India long development of civilian battalion economy history, be it be way ahead in China enterprise advantage. In the early colonial period, India has many private enterprises, they and the Congress Party of India has the very deep origin, and the support of the Congress Party of the independence movement. After the independence of India, the government did not restrict the development of private enterprises. To this day, many large private enterprises has a history of over 100 years, China's private enterprise development only after the reform and opening up for decades. Around 1949, China and India enterprises gap is too big. The long development of India private enterprises accumulated over the Chinese private enterprises much richer experience. India really walking in front of it is the large-scale private enterprises, such as India's largest company Tata Group, its subsidiary company of Tata Consultancy Services, Asia's largest software consulting services company. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Institute of Asia Pacific Studies by Dr. Liu Xiaoxue told reporters in India, Tata Group, as such a large private enterprises in many industries held monopoly position. India's infrastructure and other public areas of state-owned enterprises by the possession of private enterprises, mainly in the service industry. Although India government intervention in the economy is very strong, but the government allowed some private enterprises in infrastructure, steel and other fields. India also has some information about the company, their existence is the use of government policy in the gray zone, using the software market expanding rapidly achieve explosive growth, listed assets scale also rises very fast. At the same time, the government of their limitation is small, these companies use new technology, obtained much higher than China enterprise management efficiency. Chinese private enterprises development in scale China 's enterprise reform this year progress faster, but India private enterprise development is always better than China, and under the government support formed the monopoly power, large scale. While the Chinese monopoly often is state-owned enterprises, operating efficiency is poor. " So once to India business opportunities, they go out than the Chinese enterprise to have the vigor." Dr. Liu Xiaoxue says. Long history of development of India private enterprises produced scope effect. China is not a private enterprise scale to be associated with the India private enterprises such as compared to the Tata group. In the recent national enterprise efficiency ranking, Chinese enterprise before a few are state-owned enterprises, private enterprises in India are basically. The government of India to allow civilian battalion economy in infrastructure in all areas. Once the private enterprise has formed the scale, its competitive edge will improve a lot. India outstanding software field, private enterprises accounted for the majority, and have formed a certain scale. At this time, the size of the India private enterprises will not let any one chance to make a profit, so we see, more and more India manufacturing industry, processing industry and other low-end industries have come to invest in china. Although the same as cheap labor rich in developing countries, but China's favorable investment environment and better infrastructure deeply attracts the private enterprises in India, in contrast, they have stronger than China enterprises pursue the profit motive. At present, India to China investment company number was far higher than that of China to India's investment ratio. Neusoft Group Chairman and CEO Liu Jiren believes that, in the future the world manufacturing industry, China 's biggest rival is India. Although the Chinese enterprises have been called" going out", but really go out not. Dr. Liu Xiaoxue explains, this is because the Chinese enterprises going out of power is as big as India. China really has the strength to go out of the state-owned enterprises is the state-owned enterprises, but not private enterprises flexible management, competition is not private enterprises rich experience. For a long time, China 's state-owned enterprises to rely on the government, hoping to get more preferential policies to occupy the domestic market, and not much going out of power; while the Chinese private enterprises in a short span of several decades of development time and is difficult to reach a certain size, strength is not strong enough, go out too little experience. Thus forming a state-owned enterprises do not want to go, on the other hand, the private enterprise also cannot get out of dilemma. At the same time, the number of Chinese enterprises go out, become a major characteristic of single industry, mainly concentrated in the petroleum, chemical industry, energy, manufacturing, service industry is not too much. The competitive environment is the main reason behind Dr. Liu Xiaoxue said, competitive environment of lag, is China at the corporate level is always behind the root causes of India. Competitive environment includes factor conditions, related and supporting industry, market demand and competitive strategy of enterprises in four aspects. The world economic forum on CCI rating display, overall, China 's competitive environment than India, in particular the company's maturity and commercial environment quality in two, China and India gap. The Chinese private enterprise development is very adverse. National development is divided into comparative advantage, competitive advantage stage stage and innovation advantage stage three stages. The two countries are at a comparative advantage stage, which determines the development mainly depends on the competitive environment factors. Factor conditions, China 's labor market and capital market are worse than India. First, China because of registered permanent residence restriction, make labour force flow is not sufficient, but India does not have this problem, labor mobility in China more than adequately; secondly, on the capital market in China, more inclined to the low efficiency of state-owned enterprises, state-owned enterprises every year most of capital flows, which led to the private enterprises to obtain funds difficulties, and India enterprises, state-owned enterprise proportion is lower than in China, the competition of civilian battalion enterprise difficulty is not too large. Neusoft Group Chairman and CEO Liu Jiren pointed out that China and India are the biggest difference is, China has a huge potential market. Economists who have portrayed Beijing, Shanghai economy with Chinese the most the economy of backward area has 10years or even 20years gap, this shows that the Chinese market is not only of great potential, and duration is very long. To this, Dr. Liu Xiaoxue says, Chinese private enterprises should try to get rid of the reliance on the government, rely on the huge market, looking for more profit point of growth. China Economic Herald.""