Chinese AWACS

Discussion in 'West Asia & Africa' started by SHASH2K2, May 25, 2010.

  1. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    China's first early warning aircraft hints strategic leap in air defense

    (Source: Xinhua) 2009-10-01

      BEIJING, Oct. 1 (Xinhua) -- The organizer of China's National Day parade showed the most important hardware progress the country's Air Force made in the past decade as the long-range Kongjing-2000 and two other smaller Kongjing-200 aircraft led air formations.

      The Kongjing-2000 is China's first generation of military airborne early warning and control (AEWC) system developed with its own technology. The plane was deployed around 2004 after decades of trade embargo by Western countries and unsuccessful acquisition of Russia-made equivalent.

      A practical AEWC platform has been long expected by the Chinese People's Liberation Army's Air Force since the 1960s when it realized the growing insufficiency of short-range fighters and limited ground radar bases to defend China's vast territory and more than 4.7-million square kilometers of waters under its jurisdiction.

      With an ability to process comprehensive information and long-range detection by its active phased array radar, Kongjing-2000 can track dozens of aerial targets and guide the PLA's fighters to intercept enemy aircraft far beyond their detection range.

      "The early warning aircraft is a multiplier of air defense forces and its advantages will be particularly significant out of the land area, such as the South China Sea," said Prof. Wang Hanling, a maritime expert with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

      Kongjing-200 with its balance beam-like radar on the back of itsYun-8 transporter airframe is a supplemental AEWC system for lower-altitude and shorter-range mid-air combat information supply.

      "They (AEWC aircraft) are the basic requirement for the PLA's Air Force to have a systematic combat platform under information-based warfare," said Prof. Wang Mingliang with the Air Force Command College.

      "To construct such a systematic platform is what the PLA's Air Force is doing and will reinforce in the future," Wang said.

      Wang said the PLA is stepping up the platform's construction as the world's leading air forces have connected air weaponry such asfighters, bombers, AEWC aircraft and electronic warfare devices with military information distribution network which rely on military resources in both the air and the space, such as satellites.

      "The AEWC aircraft is actually a comprehensive mid-air platform that connects the ground radar and the aircraft which can see and hear farther than a single weapon alone," said Prof. Tan Kaijia.

      "The development of Kongjing-2000 and Kongjing-200 has also encouraged Chinese scientists with huge pride, which proves that China can master AEWC technologies," Tan said.

      The Air Force's vice commander Lt.-Gen. Zhao Zhongxin told Xinhua that AEWC aircraft played an essential role in providing navigation and telecommunications services during last year's earthquake relief work in Sichuan Province and Beijing Olympic Games.

      The aircraft to perform the air show were selected from the PLA's Air Force, naval aviation and army aviation. Their pilots have conducted rehearsals of flying over Tian'anmen Square from the air bases in the outskirts of Beijing.

    Editor:Chen Jie

    http://china-defense.blogspot.com/2009/10/kj-2000-awacs-radar-inside-look.html
     
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  3. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    ISLAMABAD (Reuters) - Pakistan is to buy an airborne warning and control system (AWACS) from China to boost its air defences, a Pakistani newspaper reported on Thursday.

    The News newspaper said a $278 million agreement had been struck for Pakistan to get the Chinese system within four years, on a deferred payment basis.

    Pakistani defence procurement officials were not immediately available for comment.

    The report comes as relations between nuclear-armed Pakistan and India have been severely strained by last month's militant attacks in Mumbai, which India has blamed on "elements" within Pakistan.

    Pakistan would be the first country to buy the Chinese AWACS system which China only started producing in 2004, the News said.

    Pakistan signed a memorandum of understanding with China in November 2006 for long-term collaboration in defence production including development of an airborne early warning surveillance system.

    China and Pakistan have been allies for years and China is Pakistan's biggest supplier of defence equipment.

    Last month, Pakistan was granted a $7.6 billion loan by the International Monetary Fund to avert a balance of payments crisis and prevent the government defaulting on its international debt obligations.
     
  4. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    $278m AWACS deal struck with China

    Thursday, December 18, 2008

    By Rauf Klasra

    ISLAMABAD: In an effort to help the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) boost its air defence capability, Islamabad has struck a $278 million deal with Beijing to purchase a modern Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS), legislators were informed here on Wednesday.

    Pakistan is said to be the first country in the region to buy the Chinese AWACS system, which Beijing started developing in 2004 after the Americans stopped the Israeli government from selling the system worth $1billion to Beijing.

    Under mounting pressure from Washington, Tel Aviv scrapped the contract to the disappointment of the Chinese, who badly needed the system for possible use against Taiwan. The details of the contract between Pakistan and China were placed before the National Assembly on Wednesday by Minister for Defence Production Abdul Qayyum Khan Jatoi.

    The documents placed before the National Assembly reveal that under the multi-million dollar deal, China will provide the system to Pakistan in the next four years. The most important thing from Pakistan’s perspective is that China has agreed to supply the system on “deferred” payment. The contract has been awarded to MS CETC China.

    The story of China starting the development of its own airborne warning and control system is interesting. Until 2004, Beijing had not even thought of making its own AWACS system. Just like Pakistan, China was heavily dependent on foreign countries in improving the performance of its air force.

    Information gathered from various sources revealed China launched work on its own system after the US blocked its move to develop radar surveillance aircraft. Washington even vetoed the sale of such systems China wanted to deploy in the Taiwan Strait. Military specialists said the Chinese system used domestically-produced advanced radar mounted on a Russian-made Il-76 transport aircraft.

    Chinese military technicians have been struggling to acquire AWACS-type equipment ever since the United States coerced Israel in 2000 into backing out of a $1 billion agreement on selling to China four of its Phalcon phased-array radar systems.

    The systems would have used Il-76 aircraft as a platform, but the main US concern in blocking the sale was that China would gain a military advantage over Taiwan. Moreover, under the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act, the US government pledged to help Taiwan defend itself against a possible Chinese attack, meaning the US forces could become involved, should fighting erupt.

    For the same reason, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) air force leaders were determined to acquire such planes. After the 2000 Israeli fiasco, the PLA made it a matter of pride to prove to the Americans they could not be denied AWACS.

    Initially, China turned to Russia, its traditional source of military equipment. Beijing concluded a deal to buy four Beriev A-50 Mainstay radar planes, which are roughly the Russian equivalent of the US Air Force’s E-3 Sentry AWACS. The purchase was believed to be the first phase of an agreement for eight Russian aircraft.

    At the same time, Chinese scientists were working on their own radar equipment. It is not known whether the Russian aircraft were ever delivered, which would have provided a look at the technology, or whether the technicians obtained help from Israeli or Russian counterparts.


    http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=19041
     
  5. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    some of Chinese AWACS models

    Chinese Y-8/9
    [​IMG]
     
  6. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    KJ-2000

    [​IMG]
     
  7. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    TU-4 (B-29) Kong Jiang-1

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
  8. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    An Chinese AWACS Crashed in 2007

    SHANGHAI, China - Reports are circulating that last week's air crash that killed 40 Chinese military personnel was not a transport aircraft as initially reported but the prototype KJ-2000, an early warning aircraft that uses a Russian airframe outfitted with a powerful locally-produced radar and electronic warfare equipment. Reports in the Chinese press say that 35 of those killed were electronics experts and that the five other victims were the plane's crew. If these are confirmed, the crash could mark a serious setback to China's attempts to develop greater self-sufficiency in high-technology armaments.

    The KongJing-2000 (KJ-2000) airborne warning and control system (AWACS) is based on the Russian-made Il-76 airframe outfitted with the Chinese-made electronically steered phased-array radar and C3I system. At least three prototypes have been built since 2002. They are undergoing various tests at China Flight Test Establishment in Yanliang, Shaanxi Province and Nanjing, Jiangsu Province where the main contractor for the radar system producer, Nanjing Research Institute of Electronic Technology, is based. Prior to last week's crash, the aircraft was expected to be ready for operational deployment by 2006-07.

    The KJ-2000 has five flight crew and an estimated 10 to 15 mission specialists. Operationally, the aircraft carries out patrol missions at an altitude of 16,000 to 32,000 feet. The maximum flight range of the aircraft is 3,000 miles and the flight endurance is 7 hours 40 minutes.

    http://www.forecastinternational.com/abstract.cfm?recno=125606
     
  9. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    Unknown name exactly

    [​IMG]
     
  10. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    Old news, but China's AWACs programmes never went anywhere. Once they had the crash that wiped out most of their project team on the KJ-2000 their wasn't much point in building AWACs on the IL-76 since they can't build that themselves. They then went to the Y-8, aka An-12 which they build in-house. Only one copy of that built. Still no viable AWACs in production for PLAAF.
     
  11. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    can you name the Unknown plane AWACS please......
    how come PAF order for $27MN of more AWACS?
    is it just for covering the gaps between thier Swedish AWACS???
     
  12. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    wherever you appear, you can bring funs to all.

    there are 4 big AWAC in service, aka KJ2000, indeed ,because CHina can not produce big plane.
    however, mid-size AWAC ,aka KJ200, are being mass-produced.
     
    Last edited: May 26, 2010
  13. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    Can you provide their specifications?
     
  14. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    How can they be massed produced if you cannot build the plane? Another contradiction from the Fool-you Bureau. The only plane they can be built on is the Y-8 and only one sample of the radome exists on that platform. It is still in the R&D phase, no active PLAAF fighter has an uplink to an AWACs.
     
  15. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    well, guy, Chinese factory has succeeded in reducing cost of AWAC very much.

    one big AWAC used to cost several billion RMB. now it costs only 1/10 .
     
  16. Oracle

    Oracle New Member

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    We know you can do that :):)
    The question however remains. Are there any operational AWACS?
     
  17. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    guy, KJ200 is exact the mid-sized AWAC on Y-8 and KJ200 now is being mass-produced, have you got it?
     
  18. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    He asked for specifications, not price.
     
    Oracle likes this.
  19. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    AWAC fleet is in service for long time. why can't you google or baidu it? it is very easy to find relative information on cyberspace.
     
  20. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    well, CHina can make AWAC as cheap as vegetables,when you have to import AWAC at much higher price...
     
  21. Oracle

    Oracle New Member

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    Why not use vegetables then? :)
     

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