China-Taiwan "free-trade pact"

Discussion in 'China' started by Martian, Jun 25, 2010.

  1. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    BBC News - Taiwan and China agree details of key trade deal

    "Page last updated at 14:27 GMT, Thursday, 24 June 2010 15:27 UK

    By Cindy Sui

    [​IMG]
    BBC News, Taipei Taiwan delegation head Kao Koong-lian (R) shakes hands with Chinese counterpart Zheng Lizhong at the talks on 24 June. The two sides have been negotiating the deal for months.

    Taiwan and China have finalised details of what many believe will be the most important agreement between the two sides in 60 years.

    The agreement - similar to a free-trade pact - will cut export tariffs and give more access to each other's market.
    ...
    Following a year of negotiations, the two sides hammered out the agreement on Thursday. It gives Taiwan more economic benefits than China.

    More than 500 Taiwanese products - including auto parts, petrochemicals and fruit - will be able to enter the booming Chinese market with reduced tariffs immediately and no tariffs within three years.

    Only about half the number of Chinese products will get similar treatment in Taiwan.

    Taiwan's government said the deal will boost trade, increase economic growth and help the island's exports stay competitive.
    ...
    The agreement is scheduled to be signed in China next Tuesday."
     
    amoy likes this.
  2.  
  3. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    Taiwan is world's eighth most-competitive economy

    Taiwan is ranked as the world's eighth most-competitive economy.

    http://www.businessweek.com/images/ss/10/0...ries_2010/9.htm

    "No. 8 Taiwan

    Change Since 2009 Ranking: +15
    Real GDP Growth, 2009: –1.9 percent
    Per Capita GDP, 2009: $31,834

    World Competitiveness Rankings:

    Economic Performance: 16
    Government Efficiency: 6
    Business Efficiency: 3
    Infrastructure: 17

    Jumping 15 places in this year's rankings, Taiwan is the most improved country in the IMD's 2010 competitiveness yearbook. The country's focus on technology, coupled with its deep economic connections across Asia Pacific, has left it positioned to profit from the global recovery. There's just one concern: Rising competition for foreign investment from neighbors looking to copy Taiwan's economic model eventually could dampen growth."
     
  4. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    TSMC continues to impress technologically

    [​IMG]
    Figure 1. Inside TSMC’s Fab 12 GigaFab That Produces 300-mm Wafers

    I want to point out that TSMC (i.e. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co.) continues to impress with improved yields per wafer (e.g. "27 percent area reduction compared to an equivalent 0.25-micron Embedded Flash IP") and lower failure rates.

    Firstly, "Next generation of [Intel] Xeon processors was produced using 0.18 micro technology" (see second newslink). TSMC is using the same advanced 0.18 micron technology as Intel. Secondly, "TSMC had observed lower failure rate as compared to the previous generation 0.25 um."

    TSMC Announces 0.18-Micron Automotive Grade Embedded Flash IP -- HSINCHU, Taiwan, R.O.C., May 26 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ --

    "TSMC Announces 0.18-Micron Automotive Grade Embedded Flash IP
    Second generation automotive embedded flash IP achieves AEC-Q100 grade 1 qualification

    HSINCHU, Taiwan, R.O.C., May 26 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ --Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd. (TWSE: 2330, NYSE: TSM) today announced the 0.18-micron automotive Embedded Flash IP as its second generation Embedded Flash IP that passed AEC-Q100 product qualification requirements for a wide range of automotive applications.

    TSMC's 0.18-micron automotive Embedded Flash IP macro features 27 percent area reduction compared to an equivalent 0.25-micron Embedded Flash IP. The 0.18um technology generation hits a cost and performance sweet spot as vast amount of IPs have been developed for many applications. The addition of this 0.18-micron automotive qualified Embedded Flash IP enables customers to extend their current 0.18-micron product portfolios to automotive micro-controller applications.

    The 0.18-micron automotive Embedded Flash process entered initial volume production last year. More than 38000 8-inch wafers or an equivalent number of 43 Million automotive MCU units have been shipped. So far TSMC had observed lower failure rate as compared to the previous generation 0.25 um in which 0.1ppm or less has been achieved.

    Much of the learning in bringing the 0.25-micron Embedded Flash technology to production readiness has also resulted in a quicker time in achieving this new record for the new IP.

    "This new milestone results from a truly synergistic alignment between TSMC's strength in manufacturing consistency and our customers' expertise in test methodology. It underscores TSMC's relentless pursuit to meet the stringent automotive electronics requirements," said Kuotung Cheng, director of automotive program at TSMC.

    TSMC is the only foundry that provides AEC-Q100 qualified 0.25-micron and 0.18-micron Embedded Flash IP as general offers to all its customers.

    About TSMC

    TSMC is the world's largest dedicated semiconductor foundry, providing the industry's leading process technology and the foundry's largest portfolio of process-proven libraries, IPs, design tools and reference flows. The Company's managed capacity in 2009 totaled 9.96 million (8-inch equivalent) wafers, including capacity from two advanced 12-inch GIGAFABsâ„¢, four eight-inch fabs, one six-inch fab, as well as TSMC's wholly owned subsidiaries, WaferTech and TSMC China, and its joint venture fab, SSMC. TSMC is the first foundry to provide 40nm production capabilities. Its corporate headquarters are in Hsinchu, Taiwan. For more information about TSMC please visit http://www.tsmc.com.

    SOURCE Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd."

    Intel Pentium III processor family

    "Jan 2, 2010 ... Next generation of Xeon processors was produced using 0.18 micro technology. There were two different versions of these processors - with ..."
     
  5. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    A word from our Taiwanese corporate sponsors

    We interrupt this thread with a message from our corporate Taiwanese sponsors. Ha ha. When I have more time, I might start a tradition of compiling quarterly profits from some of Taiwan's companies.

    Here are the first quarter (i.e. January-March 2010) net profits in U.S. dollars:

    Taiwan Semiconductor: $1.1 billion

    Hon Hai Precision: $927 million (fourth quarter; waiting for Q1 2010)

    Compal: $272 million

    AU Optronics: $233 million

    Asustek: $176 million (fourth quarter)

    Acer: $105 million

    [Note: If I have time, I will add more companies to the list in the future. By the way, to roughly approximate the yearly profit, multiply the quarterly profit by four. Just eyeballing it, both TSMC and Hon Hai will each have net profits of about $4 billion this year. Compal and AU will each make about $1 billion. Asustek (or Asus) will make about $3/4 billion. Poor Acer will only make almost $1/2 billion.]

    TSMC posts strong Q1 profit, more gains ahead | Reuters
    "TAIPEI, April 27 (Reuters) - TSMC (2330.TW), the world's biggest contract chip maker, posted a sharp rise in quarterly profit that beat market expectations, as the company sold more chips for new computers and high-tech gadgets.

    Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (TSMC) (TSM.N) booked a net profit of T$33.66 billion ($1.1 billion) in January-March, compared with T$1.56 billion a year ago, the company said in a statement on Tuesday."

    Taiwan's Hon Hai Q4 profit triples; Q1 awaited | Reuters
    "Taiwan's Hon Hai Q4 profit triples; Q1 awaited
    Mon Apr 26, 2010 8:30pm EDT

    TAIPEI, April 27 (Reuters) - Hon Hai Precision Industry (2317.TW), Taiwan's largest electronics parts maker, saw its fourth quarter profit more than triple, pointing to a strong rebound in global tech demand.

    Fourth-quarter profit reached T$29 billion ($927 million), up from T$9.3 billion in the same quarter a year earlier, according to Reuters calculations on Tuesday."

    Taiwan's Compal reports surge in Q1 profit | Reuters
    "Taiwan's Compal reports surge in Q1 profit

    TAIPEI, April 28 (Reuters) - Taiwan's Compal Electronics (2324.TW), the world's No. 2 contract laptop maker, posted a surge in quarterly earnings on Wednesday amid rising demand for computers globally.

    Compal earned a net profit of T$8.52 billion ($272 million) in January-March, compared with T$2.8 billion the same period a year ago, the company said."

    UPDATE 1-Taiwan AU's turnaround fans optimism over LCD demand | Reuters
    "TAIPEI, April 22 (Reuters) - AU Optronics Corp (2409.TW), Taiwan's No.2 LCD maker, returned to profit in the first quarter after strong demand boosted sales and prices of its displays for computers and flat-screen TVs.
    ...
    A supplier to top brands such as Dell Inc (DELL.O), Hewlett-Packard Co (HPQ.N) and Sony Corp (6758.T), AU Optronics booked a net profit of T$7.3 billion ($233 million) in January-March."

    Asus Beats Own Profit Forecasts | News & Opinion | PCMag.com
    "Asus Beats Own Profit Forecasts

    TAIPEI, Feb 1 (Reuters) - Netbook PC pioneer Asustek reported market-beating fourth-quarter net earnings on Monday as demand for its low-cost computers picked up, foreshadowing similarly strong results from its peers.

    It made a net profit of T$5.659 billion ($176 million) in the fourth quarter of last year, it said in a statement on Monday, better than market expectations for a T$5.06 billion net profit and the T$2.798 billion in the same period a year ago."

    Taiwan's Acer posts 62 pct rise in Q1 profit yr/yr | Reuters
    " TAIPEI, April 29 (Reuters) - Acer Inc (2353.TW), the world's No.2 PC vendor, reported slightly better-than-expected quarterly earnings on Thursday, amid rising PC demand globally.

    Acer booked a net profit of T$3.29 billion ($105 million) in January-March, compared with T$2.03 billion the same period a year earlier and T$3.52 billion in the fourth quarter of 2009."
     
  6. redragon

    redragon Regular Member

    Joined:
    Sep 20, 2009
    Messages:
    928
    Likes Received:
    36
    Matian, I feel sorry for you, no indian members have interest to discuss the topic you post, don't know why
     
    Martian likes this.
  7. Jeypore

    Jeypore Regular Member

    Joined:
    Jul 25, 2009
    Messages:
    148
    Likes Received:
    3
    Matian has posted some great accomplishments between China and Taiwan trade agreements and economic values, but there is one hugh difference between the two societies, and that is FREEDOM...

    This word Taiwanies can use, but can you Mr. Redragon?????
     
  8. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    That's okay. I am confident that I will see China-Taiwan political reunification in my lifetime. Economic reunification is already underway. That is what truly matters.
     
  9. Jeypore

    Jeypore Regular Member

    Joined:
    Jul 25, 2009
    Messages:
    148
    Likes Received:
    3
    Yes, Yes, Yes, you genius of business MBA, But read what is says about previous year... Q1 net profit T$7.27 bln vs T$20.2 bln loss year ago... So is the profit of new year is consider making improvement or recopping last years losses...

    Thanks..
     
  10. Rage

    Rage DFI TEAM Stars and Ambassadors

    Joined:
    Feb 23, 2009
    Messages:
    5,410
    Likes Received:
    971
    Why would you feel sorry for him? Does he owe you anything?

    The matter is quite simple, so I'll spell it out: A China-Taiwan free-trade agreement is simply not of great interest to us. Business will always transact. Even when the two nations are at each others' throats. An India-South Korea free trade agreement, now that's of interest !

    I very really doubt the prospect. Economic reunification is hardly "underway". A free-trade pact between India and South Korea is on the cards. Doesn't mean economic reunification is going to happen.

    Fact of the matter is: no country can ignore the two largest potential economies in the region- India and China, their politics notwithstanding
     
  11. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    Former German Chancellor Schmidt says "Chinese people today enjoy more freedom."

    "In his popular book titled "The Powers of the Future Winners and Losers in Tomorrow", former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt acknowledged that the political stability guaranteed by the Chinese existing (political) system is necessary… So, the Chinese people today enjoy more freedom in their own country than ever before."

    Outside of China, CPC enjoys support from former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, British newspaper "Observer," Swedish Institute of International Affairs, and former CNN senior correspondent Michael Chinoy.

    http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90...42/6690375.html

    "CPC given high scores in performance

    08:43, July 01, 2009

    Related News
    CPC observes independence, equality in cooperation, exchanges with foreign parties: FM
    China's communist party members near 76 mln, 80% of recruits under 35

    China has been taken as a vital motive force for world economy and regarded in an entirely new light, and the international community has also acquired a new, better understanding of the Communist Party of China (CPC) as the force leading the Chinese nation forward against the backdrop of global financial crisis.

    China has spent only 30 years to finish the mission that took Britain and the United States a full century to complete during the Industrial Revolution, and greatly improved the livelihood of the Chinese people, said former senior CNN correspondent Michael (Mike) Chinoy. And he said he would give the CPC high scores on account of this point alone.

    China's gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an annual average rate of 9.8 percent from 1979 to 2008, noted the"Observatorio de la Politica China"website in Spain. Fast economic growth over the last 30 years has lifted China's GDP ranking in the world from 10th in 1978 to the present 3rd only after the United States and Japan, and the country's import and export volume reported an increase of over 100-fold during the past three decades.

    China contributed to 13.8 percent of the world economic growth during the 2003-2005 period, according to an NBS calculation based on World Bank statistics. With the deteriorating global financial crisis as its background, Chinese economy is deemed as an important impetus to the recovery and development of the world economy.

    With regard to the role the CPC has played in the course of China's development and construction, Johan Lagerkvist, an ace expert from the Swedish Institute of International Affairs, acknowledged that the governing capacity of CPC can even be said the best to a certain extent.

    For decades, the CPC has brought a relatively affluent and comfortable life to ordinary Chinese through economic development and helped improve their livelihood to the maximum, and this has endowed the CPC with a vital, important magic weapon to win the popular support.

    China has a vast population but with insufficient arable land. So, it is no easy job for all people to have enough to eat and wear. To date, however, the Chinese people have already crossed the threshold of "Xiaokang", or a better-off life, and they are now enjoying a well-to-do, dignified and respected life.

    China's implementation of reform and opening-up is a critical juncture for the humanity at large, noted the "Sydney Morning Herald" newspaper. Since then, one fifth of the global population has begun to rid itself of poverty and head for prosperity, it added.

    For decades, the CPC has brought democracy and the rule of law to China through political reform, and this has precisely provided a guarantee for Chinese society to maintain its stability and healthy development. Hence, it has always been the governing concept of the CPC to understand, comply with and represent popular will or sentiments.

    In his popular book titled "The Powers of the Future Winners and Losers in Tomorrow", former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt acknowledged that the political stability guaranteed by the Chinese existing (political) system is necessary… So, the Chinese people today enjoy more freedom in their own country than ever before.

    For decades, another change the CPC has brought China is a profound self-confidence and pride deep-rooted among Chinese citizens, which has made the Chinese nation full of vigor and vitality. "Have the Chinese people really lost their self-confidence, the late eminent revolutionary writer Lu Xun (1882-1936) once asked in an article he wrote in the early 1930s. People of that era were undoubtedly short of self-confidence on the whole. Today, a 26-year-old girl employed in a foreign transnational firm in Beijing said however that she joined the CPC out of a sense of pride and the sense of belonging when asked by an AFP reporter recently. Meanwhile, British "Observer" newspaper also exclaims in its reportage that China seems to have a strutting mood of self-confidence anywhere.

    The inherent reason why Chinese economy has retained its strong capacity and potential for growth despite an adverse impact of the spreading global financial crisis, indicate economic insiders, is that the people in China are more self-confident than ever before and, to date, they have plunged into the enthusing activity to expand domestic demand and consumption. So Premier Wen Jiabao said on a couple of occasions that "confidence is even more precious than gold or any currencies"."
     
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2010
  12. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    Chinese Reunion will look like European Union

    I believe that you are using the wrong analogy.

    A free-trade agreement (i.e. FTA) between two dissimilar countries like India and South Korea is merely a business arrangement. However, a FTA between culturally-similar countries is economic union and a prelude to political union. The proper analogy is the European Union. Among Christian Europe, the forerunner European Economic Community (i.e. EEC) was later transformed into the European Union. Today, the Europeans share more than just a common economic market. The Europeans also permit free movement of European citizens within all of Europe. Also, the Europeans share a common currency in the Euro.

    The example of the Christian Europeans is a prelude to the Chinese cultural, economic, and political union in the decades to come.
     
  13. Jeypore

    Jeypore Regular Member

    Joined:
    Jul 25, 2009
    Messages:
    148
    Likes Received:
    3
    Very nice, I loved it from bottom of my heart, it really shows the great China, But the link is useless....

    Thanks.... It is all Chineses, provide me with link with other sources, without being Chinese then I will believe this utopianian Society that is being protraited by You.
     
  14. Rage

    Rage DFI TEAM Stars and Ambassadors

    Joined:
    Feb 23, 2009
    Messages:
    5,410
    Likes Received:
    971
    By what reckoning is a free-trade agreement between culturally-similar countries a "prelude to political reunification" ? I believe you are using the wrong logic, and perhaps jumping the gun.

    Despite an "economic union" of sorts, Europe has never shared political sanctimoniousness. Furthermore, their 'military union' predated their economic union. A wrong analogy, if ever there was one.

    The free movement of citizens, and more particularly of business, is, in fact, crucial to any free-trade agreement. India and Nepal, two culturally similar countries, have had free-movement of citizens across their borders, and arguably, a free-trade arrangement, where the Indian currency is worth more than the Nepaliese currency, for decades. Still, a political union is not forthcoming. Not least because they share not a fraction of the political animosity China and Taiwan does.

    Your entire gamut of 'cultural similarness' or Han-origins on which you base all your theories of 'reunification' is flawed and not forthright. Furthermore, it is in disonance with what would ordinarily be expected of you, a U.S. citizen, because of the military and strategic ramifications it will undoubtedly have on your country.
     
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2010
  15. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    Taiwan Inc. is immensely profitable

    You're not serious about disputing Taiwan Inc.'s profitability, are you? The Great Financial Crisis of 2008 was an exception for all companies in the world. Taiwanese companies weren't the only ones to take a hit to their profitability during the Great Financial Crisis.

    Taiwan is fourth in the world in forex reserves (e.g. behind only China, Japan, and Russia; see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forex_reserves).

    http://news.cens.com/cens/html/en/news/news_inner_32609.html

    "Taiwan`s Forex Reserves Continue to Hit New High
    2010/06/14
    Taipei, June 14, 2010 (CENS)--Despite the speedy exit of foreign capital, Taiwan`s foreign exchange (forex) reserves reversely rose to a new historical high of US$360.123 billion in May, representing an increase for the 19th month, according to statistics compiled by the Central Bank of China (CBC).

    A forex executive of a domestic bank attributed the continued growth in Taiwan`s forex reserves to the CBC`s move to buy U.S. dollars to curb the sharp rise of local currency against the U.S. greenback, indicating a loose solidity in the growth of forex reserves.

    An industry insider said the most influential factor affecting the up and down of forex reserves is the earnings from foreign trade, followed by the inflow and exit of foreign capital, and then the interest income from forex operations by CBC."
     
  16. Singh

    Singh Phat Cat Administrator

    Joined:
    Feb 23, 2009
    Messages:
    20,305
    Likes Received:
    8,270
    Location:
    011
    Heard of SAFTA ?
    Heard of ASEAN FTA ?
    Heard of NAFTA ?
     
  17. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    Fact: European Economic Zone preceded European Union

    It is a fact that the European Economic Zone preceded the European Union. History has shown that economic union precedes political union for culturally-similar entities. I'm pretty sure that your example of India and Nepal doesn't apply. I don't think Nepalese speak Hindi and worship Hindu gods.

    The European Union is indeed a political union as I claim. The European president is Herman Van Rompuy. "The European Parliament (EP) forms one half of the EU's legislature (the other half is the Council of the European Union, see below). The 736 (soon to be 751) Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are directly elected by EU citizens every five years." See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union#Parliament
     
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2010
  18. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    SAFTA, ASEAN FTA, and NAFTA are not culturally-similar

    I don't believe that any of those regional groupings is culturally-similar. The Europeans are culturally-similar Christians with the same cultural values. The Hans in China and Taiwan are even more culturally-similar than the Europeans; the similarity extends to linguistic heritage.

    SAFTA is not culturally-similar because Indians are mostly Hindus and Pakistanis are Muslims. The religious divide seems impossible to bridge.

    ASEAN nations have a long way to go before contemplating integration. The cultural values and religious beliefs among ASEAN nations are highly disparate in comparison to Christian Europe.

    NAFTA nation Mexico does not fit very well with the United States and Canada. That is why the U.S. is building a giant wall along its southern border to keep out illegal Mexican immigrants. Forget integration, the U.S. is trying to keep out as many Mexicans as possible.
     
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2010
  19. Minghegy

    Minghegy Regular Member

    Joined:
    Jan 13, 2010
    Messages:
    387
    Likes Received:
    9
    The president of Taiwan Ma Yingju has a Great China heart, the cinerary urn of his father was writen: neutralize (Taiwan) independence, reunify step by step, rejuvenate China roundly. be friend of strong and help weak, walk to Great Harmony together.
     
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2010
  20. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    New York Times: "Most Chinese Enjoy More Personal Freedom Than Ever Before"

    http://www.nytimes.com/1997/02/01/opinion/01iht-edsaich.t.html

    "Most Chinese Enjoy More Personal Freedom Than Ever Before
    By Tony Saich
    Published: February 1, 1997

    BEIJING— There is a widespread assumption in the West that the human rights situation in China is steadily deteriorating. It is easy to see why people should hold this view, with media reports of the arrest and sentencing of figures such as Wang Dan and Wei Jingshen for their political views and the crackdown on certain religious activities.

    Yet this is only part of a complex picture that includes a steady improvement in the general situation, with most Chinese enjoying greater personal freedom than ever before.

    The reform program of the last 20 years has created a society that is trying to cope with change on a scale few of us have experienced. It also makes for a situation that is almost impossible to characterize succinctly. While tens of millions in China's poor, rural areas strive to reach the poverty line, a smaller urban, educated elite is concerned about gaining greater influence in the policy-making process.

    This is not to say all Chinese should not enjoy the same inalienable rights, but it does mean their daily concerns and how they can exercise their rights vary greatly.

    I was first a student in China in the 1970s in the latter years of the Cultural Revolution. It is clear to anyone who was in the country then that the realm of individual liberty has expanded enormously. In those days, Communist Party control penetrated every aspect of life. The blue uniform of Maoism was mandatory, a casual comment to a foreigner would most likely result in interrogation, and Western classical music and flowers were outlawed as manifestations of a bourgeois lifestyle. The courts had been abolished, there were virtually no laws and the only legal framework was provided by very simple state and party constitutions. In practice, this meant that law was the whim of the local Communist official. Arbitrary arrest and sentencing were commonplace.

    For most urban Chinese, the changes have been significant in terms of choice of work and lifestyle. Anyone under 35 has known only a time of discussion about reform and increasing contact with the outside world. Despite restrictions, there has been a steady advance toward increased individual liberty for a majority of urban Chinese.

    There have also been advances in rural areas. Farmers, despite unpredictable local government interference, have a greater say over what to grow and where to sell their produce than in the old days of state fiat and almost complete control over purchase and distribution. Rural dwellers enjoy increased freedom of movement to find work in the burgeoning small-scale industries of the countryside or in the urban centers. And move they do: some 70 million of them by most accounts.

    Also, in the last few years, villagers throughout China have been taking part in an unprecedented experiment in local self-governance through village elections. While there have been many reports of electoral malpractice and manipulation, there have also been many cases of genuinely free and fair elections.

    Many laws have been enacted in China. The main problems now lie not with the lack of legislation but with its honest implementation and informing ordinary citizens of what their actual rights are. While the size of the task is daunting, serious programs are under way, with high-level political support, to professionalize the judiciary and to raise judicial standards.

    Perhaps the most telling fact is that the words "human rights" are no longer taboo. Many Chinese have developed a feel for their rights, and this has become a part of private and official discourse. One of the most interesting statistics involves the increasing number of citizens who are willing to bring lawsuits against government agencies and officials. In 1995, the most recent year for which statistics are available, the number of suits filed reached an all-time high of 70,000.

    Of course, serious problems remain in a country with a population of more than 1.2 billion.

    The psychological and emotional stress of living in such a fast-moving society has taken its toll. Women's suicide rates are up, divorce is on the rise and elderly citizens are worried about the move from cradle-to-grave welfare to a more commercialized system of benefits. Unemployment and corruption prey on the minds of some urban dwellers, while many farmers are concerned about illegal levies foisted on them by local officials.

    But new groups, supported by the government, are emerging to deal with these prob-lems. Traditional organizations, such as trade unions and the women's federation, are changing their practices to become more service-oriented.

    In urban areas, walk-in legal clinics and telephone hot lines are now available to provide advice on issues from the law to domestic violence. In rural areas, the women's federation and other groups are providing legal awareness programs for women, and plans are in the works to bring farmers and local officials together to plan production and planting cycles so as to remove tensions and conflict between them.

    Naturally, in a nation so large and diverse as China, many abuses remain, and many of these initiatives are at an early stage. But they demonstrate that many Chinese are willing to try new ideas and practices.

    For foreign organizations and governments interested in improving human rights in China, this means the potential for cooperation exists. Such cooperation will not be easy, and both sides will require substantial interaction to better understand each other.

    With a country that has one-fifth of the world's population and rapidly growing international influence, it is an effort worth making.

    -

    The writer, China representative for the Ford Foundation, contributed this comment to the International Herald Tribune."
     
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2010
  21. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,344
    Likes Received:
    262
    Location:
    Boston
    "Economic absorption will be followed by political unification: [Taiwanese] Scholars"

    http://www.etaiwannews.com/etn/news...0&lang=eng_news&cate_rss=news_Politics_TAIWAN

    "Taiwan President Ma in hurry to sign ECFA to push unification with China: Experts
    Economic absorption will be followed by political unification: Scholars
    Taiwan News, Staff Writer
    2010-03-07 03:32 PM

    TAIPEI (Taiwan News) – President Ma Ying-jeou is in a hurry to sign an Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement so he can realize his ultimate aim of unification with China, reports quoted experts Sunday.

    Ma and his government have been pushing for the ECFA to be signed in May or June, despite widespread opposition within Taiwan.

    The first phase of Ma’s plan was to realize a One China economic market, which would lead to political unification, academics told a seminar in Taipei Saturday.

    Once Taiwan signed ECFA, its economy would be completely absorbed by China, former Mainland Affairs Council Chairman Joseph Wu told the meeting organized by the Taiwan New Century Foundation.

    Since Ma came to power in May 2008, he has been following policies that completely echoed those of the Communist regime in Beijing, said Wu, naming his “diplomatic truce.” The policy amounts to abandoning attempts to win new diplomatic allies overseas on the presumption this will lead China to do the same.

    For decades, Taiwan and China have been waging a diplomatic competition to persuade the highest number of countries to recognize their side as a country. Taiwan has 23 allies, mostly small or impoverished nations in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and the Pacific.

    Wang To-far, chairman of the Institute for National Development, said ECFA would lead to the complete annexation of Taiwan’s economy by China, resulting in a One China market. As a result of Ma’s policies, 44 percent of Taiwan’s exports went to China and Hong Kong in January, a clear sign of this trend, Wang said.

    The realization of the single market would lead automatically to peaceful political unification the way Beijing wants it, the academic said.

    Ruan Ming, adviser to the Taiwan Research Institute, said Ma was acting on Chinese President Hu Jintao’s instructions to put Taiwan on the track to unification and outside of international society.

    If the Taiwanese people failed to wake up in time, they would find themselves without a choice,

    The opposition Democratic Progressive Party and Taiwan Solidarity Union want a nationwide referendum about ECFA because they say it will harm Taiwan’s sovereignty and decimate its small and medium enterprises by flooding the market with cheap Chinese goods.

    The government has been maintaining the view that ECFA is necessary to protect Taiwan’s competitiveness as China, Japan, South Korea and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations cut tariffs.

    A round of preparatory talks between Taiwan and China about ECFA is scheduled for Taipei later this month."
     

Share This Page