China launches first space lab module Tiangong-1

Discussion in 'China' started by aimarraul, Sep 29, 2011.

  1. aimarraul

    aimarraul Regular Member

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    China launches first space lab module Tiangong-1

    English.news.cn 2011-09-29 21:43:06

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    A Long March-2FT1 carrier rocket loaded with Tiangong-1 unmanned space lab module blasts off from the launch pad at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China's Gansu Province, Sept. 29, 2011. (Xinhua/Wang Jianmin)

    BEIJING, Sept. 29 (Xinhua) -- China's first space lab module Tiangong-1 blasted off at 9:16 p.m. Beijing Time (1316 GMT) Thursday from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center located in China's northwest desert area.

    The unmanned module, carried by the Long March-2FT1 rocket, will test space docking with a spacecraft later this year, paving the way for China to operate a permanent space station around 2020 and making it the world's third country to do so.

    Commander-in-chief of China's manned space program Chang Wanquan announced the launch's success at the control center.

    Unlike previous Chinese space vehicles, Tiangong-1 has a docking facility which allows it to be connected to multiple space modules in order to assemble an experimental station in low Earth orbit.

    Tiangong-1 will orbit the Earth for about one month, awaiting the arrival of the Shenzhou-8 unmanned spacecraft. Once the two vehicles successfully rendezvous, they will conduct the first space docking at a height of 340 kilometers above Earth's surface.

    After two docking tests with the Shenzhou-8, Tiangong-1 will await Shenzhou-9, followed by Shenzhou-10, which will possibly carry a female astronaut, in the next two years, according to the plan for China's manned space program.

    If the astronaut in the Shenzhou-10 mission succeeds with the manual space docking, China will become the third nation after the United States and Russia to master the technology.

    President Hu Jintao watched the launch from the Beijing Aerospace Flight Control Center on Thursday, two days before China's National Day, witnessing the latest endeavor of China's manned space program since 1992.

    Other members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, including Wu Bangguo, Jia Qinglin, Li Changchun, Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang and Zhou Yongkang, were also present.

    Premier Wen Jiabao and He Guoqiang, also members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, went to the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center to watch the launch process.

    "Tiangong-1 has gone into the dark sky! We Chinese are on the way to inhabiting the vast universe," wrote Qichaoxiguanghai on Sina Weibo, China's most popular microblog service provider.

    "I heard the news of Tiangong-1's launch from the radio on a ship to Yangzhou," wrote microblogger Xingfufeiafei. "I am proud to share the pride that shakes the world. The pride of our nation is once again deep in my heart."

    With a room of 15 cubic meters for two to three astronauts to conduct research and experiments in the future, China's first space lab module is hardly the size of any palace.

    But its name Tiangong-1, or "Heavenly Palace-1," speaks of a dream home from Chinese folklore, long envisioned as a secret place where deities reside.

    Thanks to an economic boom that has continued since the end of 1970s, the Chinese government approved and began carrying out its three-phase manned space program in January 1992.

    The first phase, to send the first astronaut to space and return safely, was fulfilled by Yang Liwei in the Shenzhou-5 mission in 2003. After another two astronauts made successful extravehicular activities in the Shenzhou-7 mission in 2008, China entered the second phase of its space program: space docking.

    If the previous two steps succeed, China plans to develop and launch multiple space modules, with a goal of assembling a 60-tonne manned space station around 2020 in which Chinese astronauts will start more research projects in space.

    The success of Thursday's launch of Tiangong-1 also eased the pressure on China's space engineers following the unsuccessful lift-off in August when a Long March-2C rocket malfunctioned and failed to send an experimental satellite into orbit.

    To acquire a new and bigger rocket capable of loading a future space station's components that will be much heavier than Tiangong-1, research and development on a carrier rocket that burns more environmentally-friendly liquid-oxygen-kerosene fuels is in progress.

    Zhang Shancong, deputy chief designer of Tiangong-1, told Xinhua that the module carries special cameras which will take hyperspectral images of China's vast farmlands to detect heavy metal pollution and pesticide residue as well as plant disease.

    Moreover, scientists on the ground will also conduct experiments on photonic crystal, a new material expected to revolutionize information technology, in the low-gravity environment inside Tiangong-1 as these experiments would be extremely difficult to conduct on Earth's surface.

    "China is clearly becoming a global power and its investments in areas like technology and exploration reflect this," said Peter Singer, a senior fellow at the Washington-based Brookings Institution.

    "It is a natural result of the growth in political and economic power and is to be expected," Singer said in an interview with Xinhua conducted via email.

    "What remains at question is what kind of presence China will play on the international stage, cooperative, working with international partners, or going it alone?" Singer said.

    The scholar, however, can find an answer to his question from the words of Zhou Jianping, chief designer of China's manned space program.

    Zhou told Xinhua that China will turn its future space station into an international platform for space research and application.

    "The Chinese nation has pursued peace since ancient times," Zhou said. "China's ultimate intention with the space program is to explore space resources and make use of them for mankind's well-being."

    A space station could provide a low-gravity environment for research on geography, astronomy and bio-technology, which will bring unimaginably greater achievements than those conducted on Earth's surface, he said.

    China has expressed its strong willingness to cooperate with other countries in exploring space. So far China's Long March rocket series has successfully sent more than 20 satellites into space for the United States, Australia, Pakistan and other countries and regions.

    One Chinese scientist and five international peers have also participated in Russia's Mars-500 Program, a ground-based experiment simulating a manned expedition to Mars

    ---------- Post added at 12:09 AM ---------- Previous post was at 12:08 AM ----------

    Full Video: China´s first space lab module enters space
     
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  3. OsloInd

    OsloInd New Member

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    Congrats to China on this great achievement. :thumb:
     
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  4. agentperry

    agentperry Senior Member Senior Member

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    brilliant move. but yes space is on the darker end. pls dont use it anyhow to spy on anyone.
     
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  5. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    Excellent achievement.

    What all is expected of this space lab?
     
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  6. shiphone

    shiphone Senior Member Senior Member

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    Mission Brief

    [video=youtube_share;YLWhRQaTA5U]http://youtu.be/YLWhRQaTA5U[/video]
     
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2011
  7. shiphone

    shiphone Senior Member Senior Member

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    Record of the Launching last night

    you will see the seperation of the Boosters, 1st stage,fairing ,2nd stage with the spacecraft

    [video=youtube_share;_sNGhhE4YwI]http://youtu.be/_sNGhhE4YwI[/video]
     
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2011
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  8. A.V.

    A.V. New Member

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    Great achievement by china , but again begs the question , why do individual countries need separate ways in terms of space research ? it can be all unified and executed .
     
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  9. asianobserve

    asianobserve Elite Member Elite Member

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    EGO. It's the ultimate status symbol for a country to be able to lunch its own space station. Only 2 countries did this and China is only the third. Proof that this is more to international politics than practical considerations.
     
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  10. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    Good work china. Will you also take your newly adopted son na-pak to your space station too???Did they also help you to develop this space station??? just like they help you to build JF-17(atleast this wat they say)???

    pls shed some light on this:confused::confused::thumb::thumb:
     
  11. redragon

    redragon Regular Member

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    I think China tried to join international program before, but rejected, and Obama actually made a new law to forbid USA from cooperating on any space program with China, so, this is the only choice.
     
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2011
  12. redragon

    redragon Regular Member

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    people can say anything, China won't care, competition is good for all human, everyone will benefit from it.
     
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  13. plugwater

    plugwater Elite Member Elite Member

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    How big is this space station compared to ISS ?
     
  14. nefory

    nefory Regular Member

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    Yeah, ego indeed. China requested to join to ISS project but got rejected by the U.S. Like others said, U.S has even passed a law to prevent any cooperations between U.S firms and Chinese Firms in space projects including launching commercial satellites. So you see, it's not that we are such loners that don't give a damn to this international space projects. It's that we are never given any access to it, and we are definitely not the one who has too much ego in this case.

    As for my personal feeling, I'm so tired of that the world turns its back on us in the first place, and then accuses us for not playing the game with others like a team.
     
  15. nefory

    nefory Regular Member

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    For this TG-1, it's much more smaller than ISS. It's a single space lab rather than an space station. But it's just the beginning of the Chinese splace station. From now to 2020, more parts will be launched joining the TG-1 to form a whole station.
     
  16. niharjhatn

    niharjhatn Regular Member

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    Easy to laugh at failures in an open society, where such failures are there for all to see.

    But imagine how much information of failures and atrocities your government withholds from you!! You act like every chinaman has the Midas touch!

    OT much?

    But great achievement for China. Maybe they can take up some of our precious neighbours leaders up in it, show them the dark side of the moon (if you know what I mean :laugh:)
     
  17. sayareakd

    sayareakd Moderator Moderator

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    Congrats China ..... ....... ....... .......
     
  18. plugwater

    plugwater Elite Member Elite Member

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    I am asking about the entire model, i know it is the just beginning but they must have designed the entire station by now.

    So if you know the design and dimension of this space station it would be easy to compare with ISS.
     
  19. nefory

    nefory Regular Member

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    Nope, I don't know the exact physical dimension of the entire project. But I naturally assume it will still be smaller than ISS.
     
  20. plugwater

    plugwater Elite Member Elite Member

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    Yes, Noway china is going to match something like ISS, just interested in knowing the size.
     
  21. nefory

    nefory Regular Member

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    Last edited: Sep 30, 2011
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