The Sino-Indian relations are getting tougher due to some Chinaâ€™s behavior with India. Of course, this couldnâ€™t happen by one side but India is also repeating its mistakes and it clearly indicates that India has never learnt any lesson from disastrous defeat of 1962 Indo-China war. Chinaâ€™s increasing economical growth and its continuous military modernization has started showing its effect on south Asian countries especially on India. It is always said that India has learnt many lessons from 1962 but Indian governmentâ€™s slow moves to counter this situation clearly indicates that they have not judged the circumstances accurately and seems repeating its mistakes which they did before. Indian leadership doesnâ€™t keen to understand the seriousness of situations and treating it like a simple problem. After carefully analyzing the situations in south Asia in respect with India it sounds that India is repeating some biggest mistakes which it had made in 1962. Some mistakes Indian government is repeating are: China canâ€™t repeat 1962 This one is biggest misconception which Indian government is making to not understanding Chinese strategy for south Asia. There are several times such statements has been given publicly by Indian authorities that this is NOT 1962 and India is not a weaker like was in 1962, so a Chinese attack in 1962 style is not possible. But reality seems different from their wrong estimations. China is continuously developing infrastructure along Indian border which includes rail, road and air base development. Now China has far better infrastructure than India has on its border and this has given a capability to move its land forces to border in few hours as compared to Indian armyâ€™s move which takes minimum one week to reach to border. Here is some comparison about infrastructure on both sides: China has established a long distance rail link between Beijing and Lhasa and this service would later be extended to Xigaze, South of Lhasa, and then to Yatung, near Nathu La passes. The rail project, when complete, would be a technological marvel, but it will be useful to keep in mind that it is being developed on the Tibetan plateau, and thus can provide China with a strategic advantage by enhancing the PLAâ€™s logistic supply chain. Chinese authorities have announced plans to widen the Karakoram Highway, which links China to Pakistan, from the existing 10 meters width to 30 meters to allow heavier vehicles to pass throughout the year. According to an Indian military analyst, China has deployed â€œ13 Border Defense Regiments, the 52 Mountain Infantry Brigade to protect Southern Qinghai-Tibet region, the 53 Mountain Infantry Brigade to protect the high plateau in the Western sector, the 149th Division of the 13th Group Army in the Eastern Sector and the 61st Division of the 21st Group Army in the Western Sectorâ€ . This is a substantial military concentration, which can provide a forceful initial response in case of a breakout of hostilities across the Himalayas. Similarly, the PLA Air Force (PLAAF) has established airfields at Hoping, Pangta and Kong Ka, two airfields at Lhasa and an additional four in the region that can be rapidly operationalized . Beyond just supporting fighter aircraft, these air bases have enhanced PLA airlift capability that includes division strength of troops (20,000), air-drop a brigade (3,500 troops) and helicopter lift of approximately two battalions. These figures are for a single lift All these factors indicate that India is in urgent need to modernize its forces and increase its strength along Indo-China border. At present Indian politicians are still facing Chinese war phobia and afraid to take any strong action by fearing any aggression from china. Unfortunately China has strength and capability to take Arunanchal within 48 hrs and Indian government has not that much strong will power to start a full scale war against China. [/LIST] If China attacks then US & Russia would provide active military support and it could turn into another world war. Another big misconception which is seen widely in many political leadership including Indian government which thinks that if China attacks then Russia and US will help by their military. This is not a cold war era where countries were fighting for their allies. At present China is a big market for US & Russia both and nobody would like to lose such a big market. Another reason why US & Russian canâ€™t provide active military support because of Chinaâ€™s military capabilities and world has just emerged from global economic crisis and no any country would like to sink its economy by engaging in a full scale war which has 100% possibility to turn into a nuclear war. Military add is possible but active military support doesnâ€™t seems possible by both countries so India would have to fight with China alone. Indian MRCA deal wonâ€™t seem to finalize soon in future hence MRCA would enter in IAF after 2015. Indio-Russian jointly developed fifth generation fighter aircraft PAK-FA is in its development stage and would not be able to enter in service before 2016. In land army, India is already has more than 70% outdated weapons which is needs to replace urgently. Since last 20 years no any artillery gun has been purchased. Indian army is conducting a field trial of US ultra light howitzer but would be effective only if we could deploy it effectively before any Chinese aggression. Similar mistakes being done by Nehru and now present government is again repeating these mistakes. China can only be controlled by strong Indian foreign policy and defense policy in which India should clarify in strong words that any aggression on even an inch of Indian part would lead to a large scale war. India really needs an Eisenhower or Indira Gandhi to handle this situation.