The failure of emerging-market nations to rally behind a single candidate to head the International Monetary Fund shows the effort still needed to link diplomatic might with growing economic strength. As the IMF begins its search for a successor to Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Russia is endorsing Grigori Marchenko, the head of Kazakhstanâ€™s central bank, while the Philippines and Thailand speak favorably of Singapore Finance Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam. India, China, Brazil and South Africa have yet to throw their support behind anyone even as they urge selection be driven by merit rather than nationality. By contrast, European Union nations have given overwhelming support to French Finance Minister Christine Lagarde to head the Washington-based IMF, the institution that approved a record $91.7 billion in emergency loans last year and provides a third of the euro-areaâ€™s bailouts. That left Asians, South Americans and Russia talking principles without agreeing on one person. â€œThe Europeans have the great advantage that they have institutional mechanisms to agree on a candidate upfront,â€ said Ousmene Mandeng, head of public-sector investment at Ashmore Group Plc in London and a former IMF economist. â€œThe emerging markets may find it more difficult to identify a common candidate and then lobby to ensure that he or she obtains sufficient support from the U.S.â€ As recently as last month the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and China, known as the BRIC countries, were urging the U.S. and Europe to end their 65-year monopoly on leadership positions at the IMF and World Bank, which has always been headed by an American. June 30 Goal The IMF said it aims to complete the selection of a successor to Strauss-Kahn by June 30. Countries will be able to nominate candidates for the managing directorâ€™s position from May 23 to June 10, the IMF said in a statement. â€œThe governing structure of the international financial institutions should reflect the changes in the world economy, increasing the voice and representation of emerging economies and developing countries,â€ the BRIC leaders said in a statement after meeting in Hainan, China, on April 14. Those positions were echoed by finance chiefs this week following the arrest and subsequent resignation of Strauss-Kahn. The new leadership should reflect changes in the world economy, Peopleâ€™s Bank of China Governor Zhou Xiaochuan said May 19. â€˜Increasingly Strongâ€™ Their failure to follow such calls with action probably highlights the political immaturity of the BRIC complex even when â€œthe case for the new IMF head to come from the BRIC countries is increasingly strong,â€ said Jim Oâ€™Neill, who created the BRIC term and chairs Goldman Sachs Asset Management in London, said by e-mail on May 19. Former Brazilian central bank chief Arminio Fraga, onetime South African Finance Minister Trevor Manuel and Indian policy maker Montek Singh Ahluwalia are among the emerging market representatives capable of leading the IMF, according to the fundâ€™s former chief economist, Simon Johnson. He also suggests the possibility of Bank of Mexico Governor Agustin Carstens and Zhu Min, a former Chinese central banker now working at the IMF. â€œThe big political question is whether the largest emerging markets -- Brazil, China, India, South Africa, Turkey and perhaps Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Russia, Indonesia and Mexico -- can unify behind one candidate,â€ Johnson wrote in a May 18 Bloomberg News column. â€œThat would be a breakthrough but itâ€™s still not clear who will provide the diplomatic initiative to organize them into a coalition that speaks with a single voice.â€ Chile, U.S. The Chilean government said yesterday it has a â€œgood opinionâ€ of former Finance Minister Alejandro Foxley as a possible candidate and will consider nominating him. Brazil Finance Minister Guido Mantega told the Wall Street Journal that his nation is open to backing a European and that â€œthere should be no vetting based on nationality.â€ U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner has refrained from mentioning any names, insisting in a statement he wants a quick decision on a candidate who can command broad support. â€œWe are consulting broadly with the fundâ€™s shareholders from emerging markets as well as advanced economies,â€ Geithner said. â€œIt is important that this be an open process and one that moves quickly to select new leadership for the IMF.â€ Shen Jianguang, a former IMF economist and now at Mizuho Securites Asia Ltd., said in a Bloomberg Television interview that one option is to name Zhu Min the first deputy managing director, the IMFâ€™s No. 2 position. â€œZhu Min definitely can be a deputy CEO of the IMFâ€ given the growing importance of China in the world economy, he said. â€œEmerging markets are not very happy with the situation that the head of the IMF has to be from Europe.â€ Lipskyâ€™s Term John Lipsky, 64, is acting managing director after Strauss- Kahnâ€™s resignation four days after his May 14 arrest in New York on charges of attempted rape and sexual assault. Lipskyâ€™s term in the IMFâ€™s No. 2 post, which has traditionally been filled by an American, ends in August. The biggest emerging economies have focused on increasing trade and financial links among their nations. The state development banks of the BRIC countries agreed to help boost the use of local currencies when making loans within the five nations, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said last month. While early signs point to Lagarde, the mood could swing in the weeks to come. â€œThe U.S. and Europe should take it upon themselves to really open this up to all candidates that are qualified, not necessarily just Europeans,â€ Philippine Finance Secretary Cesar Purisima said in a Bloomberg Television interview.