Babasaheb Ambedkar: The Messiah

Discussion in 'General Multimedia' started by Peter, Apr 4, 2014.

  1. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Babasaheb Ambedkar,the architect of India`s Constitution may no longer be with us yet his great legacy continues on.For centuries Indians had been divided into the varna system.The people at the lower rung of this social stratification had been exploited and mistreated for centuries.They had been denied basic rights like using water from wells designated for higher castes.They had been denied the right to education and were instead forced to do menial jobs.Often Dalit women were exploited by upper caste men.The plight of the Dalits was in a way no different from the black people in the cotton plantations of pre Civil War era America.
    When it seemed that there could be no hope for these people a revolutionary man took up the cause of the Dalits.With sturdy determination and unending zeal he launched his crusade against the social ills that were prevalent against the Dalit community.It seemed his task was so difficult that very few people would dare to stand in his shoes.Yet Babasaheb took it all in his stride and went on preaching the Dalits the mantra to their upliftment-educate,organize,agitate.His vision for a better India included the upliftment of not only the backward classes like Dalits,Shudras etc but also the empowerment of women.His finest hour came when he was made the chairman of the Drafting Commission of the constituition.The Indian Constitution is his magnum opus.
    As proud Indians it is our duty that we do not forget this great individual and honour him.Sometimes the outcome of history is determined by the strength of arms,other times by happenstance.Yet the fate of one sixty million Dalits was determined by the great vision and will of one man,Babasaheb,the only Dalit in Indian history who provided true leadership to the Dalits and wanted their upliftment.It was his hope that India becomes the land of dreams and let us ensure that his dream becomes a reality. A big salute to Babasaheb from me. :salute:

    JAI BHIM!!!
     
    Last edited: Apr 4, 2014
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  3. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Babasaheb biography

    Born: April 14, 1891
    Died: December 6, 1956
    Achievements: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was elected as the chairman of the drafting committee that was constituted by the Constituent Assembly to draft a constitution for the independent India; he was the first Law Minister of India; conferred Bharat Ratna in 1990.

    Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is viewed as messiah of dalits and downtrodden in India. He was the chairman of the drafting committee that was constituted by the Constituent Assembly in 1947 to draft a constitution for the independent India. He played a seminal role in the framing of the constitution. Bhimrao Ambedkar was also the first Law Minister of India. For his yeoman service to the nation, B.R. Ambedkar was bestowed with Bharat Ratna in 1990.

    Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891 in Mhow (presently in Madhya Pradesh). He was the fourteenth child of Ramji and Bhimabai Sakpal Ambavedkar. B.R. Ambedkar belonged to the "untouchable" Mahar Caste. His father and grandfather served in the British Army. In those days, the government ensured that all the army personnel and their children were educated and ran special schools for this purpose. This ensured good education for Bhimrao Ambedkar, which would have otherwise been denied to him by the virtue of his caste.

    Bhimrao Ambedkar experienced caste discrimination right from the childhood. After his retirement, Bhimrao's father settled in Satara Maharashtra. Bhimrao was enrolled in the local school. Here, he had to sit on the floor in one corner in the classroom and teachers would not touch his notebooks. In spite of these hardships, Bhimrao continued his studies and passed his Matriculation examination from Bombay University with flying colours in 1908. Bhim Rao Ambedkar joined the Elphinstone College for further education. In 1912, he graduated in Political Science and Economics from Bombay University and got a job in Baroda.

    In 1913, Bhimrao Ambedkar lost his father. In the same year Maharaja of Baroda awarded scholarship to Bhim Rao Ambedkar and sent him to America for further studies. Bhimrao reached New York in July 1913. For the first time in his life, Bhim Rao was not demeaned for being a Mahar. He immersed himself in the studies and attained a degree in Master of Arts and a Doctorate in Philosophy from Columbia University in 1916 for his thesis "National Dividend for India: A Historical and Analytical Study." From America, Dr.Ambedkar proceeded to London to study economics and political science. But the Baroda government terminated his scholarship and recalled him back.

    The Maharaja of Baroda appointed Dr. Ambedkar as his political secretary. But no one would take orders from him because he was a Mahar. Bhimrao Ambedkar returned to Bombay in November 1917. With the help of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur, a sympathizer of the cause for the upliftment of the depressed classes, he started a fortnightly newspaper, the "Mooknayak" (Dumb Hero) on January 31, 1920. The Maharaja also convened many meetings and conferences of the "untouchables" which Bhimrao addressed. In September 1920, after accumulating sufficient funds, Ambedkar went back to London to complete his studies. He became a barrister and got a Doctorate in science.

    After completing his studies in London, Ambedkar returned to India. In July 1924, he founded the Bahishkrit Hitkaraini Sabha (Outcastes Welfare Association). The aim of the Sabha was to uplift the downtrodden socially and politically and bring them to the level of the others in the Indian society. In 1927, he led the Mahad March at the Chowdar Tank at Colaba, near Bombay, to give the untouchables the right to draw water from the public tank where he burnt copies of the 'Manusmriti' publicly.

    In 1929, Ambedkar made the controversial decision to co-operate with the all-British Simon Commission which was to look into setting up a responsible Indian Government in India. The Congress decided to boycott the Commission and drafted its own version of a constitution for free India. The Congress version had no provisions for the depressed classes. Ambedkar became more skeptical of the Congress's commitment to safeguard the rights of the depressed classes.

    When a separate electorate was announced for the depressed classes under Ramsay McDonald 'Communal Award', Gandhiji went on a fast unto death against this decision. Leaders rushed to Dr. Ambedkar to drop his demand. On September 24, 1932, Dr. Ambedkar and Gandhiji reached an understanding, which became the famous Poona Pact. According to the pact the separate electorate demand was replaced with special concessions like reserved seats in the regional legislative assemblies and Central Council of States.

    Dr. Ambedkar attended all the three Round Table Conferences in London and forcefully argued for the welfare of the "untouchables". Meanwhile, British Government decided to hold provincial elections in 1937. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar set up the "Independent Labor Party" in August 1936 to contest the elections in the Bombay province. He and many candidates of his party were elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly.

    In 1937, Dr. Ambedkar introduced a Bill to abolish the "khoti" system of land tenure in the Konkan region, the serfdom of agricultural tenants and the Mahar "watan" system of working for the Government as slaves. A clause of an agrarian bill referred to the depressed classes as "Harijans," or people of God. Bhimrao was strongly opposed to this title for the untouchables. He argued that if the "untouchables" were people of God then all others would be people of monsters. He was against any such reference. But the Indian National Congress succeeded in introducing the term Harijan. Ambedkar felt bitter that they could not have any say in what they were called.

    In 1947, when India became independent, the first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, invited Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, who had been elected as a Member of the Constituent Assembly from Bengal, to join his Cabinet as a Law Minister. The Constituent Assembly entrusted the job of drafting the Constitution to a committee and Dr. Ambedkar was elected as Chairman of this Drafting Committee. In February 1948, Dr. Ambedkar presented the Draft Constitution before the people of India; it was adopted on November 26, 1949.

    In October 1948, Dr. Ambedkar submitted the Hindu Code Bill to the Constituent Assembly in an attempt to codify the Hindu law. The Bill caused great divisions even in the Congress party. Consideration for the bill was postponed to September 1951. When the Bill was taken up it was truncated. A dejected Ambedkar relinquished his position as Law Minister.

    On May 24, 1956, on the occasion of Buddha Jayanti, he declared in Bombay, that he would adopt Buddhism in October. On 0ctober 14, 1956 he embraced Buddhism along with many of his followers. On December 6, 1956, Baba Saheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar died peacefully in his sleep.
     
  4. Bhadra

    Bhadra Defence Professionals Defence Professionals Senior Member

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    Jai Bhim.....

    Babasahab was Vishnu Avataar ....

    Who, like Manu, gave law to India....
     
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  5. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Some pictures of Babasaheb.

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  6. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Here`s the wikipedia introduction to the great Messiah

    Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar ([bʱiːmraːw raːmdʑiː aːmbeːɽkər]; 14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian and economist. A revivalist for Buddhism in India, he inspired the Modern Buddhist movement. As independent India's first law minister, he was principal architect of the Constitution of India.
    Born into a poor Mahar family, Ambedkar campaigned against social discrimination, the Indian caste system. Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1990. Eventually earning a law degree and doctorates for his study and research in law, economics and political science from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, Ambedkar gained a reputation as a scholar and practiced law for a few years, later campaigning by publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for India's untouchables.
    He is regarded as a Bodhisattva by some Indian Buddhists, though he never claimed it himself.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._R._Ambedkar
     
  7. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    A video on Ambedkar

     
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  8. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Another biography on Ambedkar

    Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

    Born: 14 April, 1891
    Passed Away: 6, December, 1956

    Contribution
    Dr. B. R. AmbedkarDr B R Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was one of the architects of the Indian Constitution. He was a well-known politician and an eminent jurist. Ambedkar's efforts to eradicate the social evils like untouchablity and caste restrictions were remarkable. The leader, throughout his life, fought for the rights of the dalits and other socially backward classes. Ambedkar was appointed as the nation's first Law Minister in the Cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor in 1990.

    His Life
    Bhimrao Ambedkar was born to Bhimabai Sakpal and Ramji on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh. He was the fourteenth child of his parents. Ambedkar;s father was a Subedar in the Indian Army and posted at Mhow cantonment, MP. After the retirement of his father in 1894, the family moved to satara. Shortly after, his mother passed away. Four years later, his father remarried and the family shifted to Bombay, where he cleared his matriculation in 1908. His father Bhimabai Sakpal died in Bombay, in 1912.

    Ambedkar was a victim of caste discrimination. His parents hailed from the Hindu Mahar caste, which was viewed as "untouchable" by the upper class. Due to this, Ambedkar had to face severe discriminations from every corners of the society. a The discrimination and humiliation haunted Ambedkar even at the Army school, run by British government. Fearing social outcry, the teachers would segregate the students of lower class from that of Brahmins and other upper classes. The untouchable students were often asked by the teacher to sit outside the class. After shifting to Satara, he was admitted to a local school but the change of school did not change the fate of young Bhimrao. Discrimination followed wherever he went. In 1908, Ambedkar got the opportunity to study at the Elphinstone College. Besides clearing all the exams successfully Ambedkar also obtained a scholarship of twenty five rupees a month from the Gayakwad ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III. Political Science and Economics were the subjects in which he graduated from the Bombay University in 1912. Ambedkar decided to use the money for higher studies in the USA.

    After coming back from the US, Ambedkar was appointed as the Defence secretary to the King of Baroda. Even, there also he had to face the humiliation for being an 'Untouchable'. With the help of the former Bombay Governor Lord Sydenham, Ambedkar obtained the job as a professor of political economy at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay. In order to continue his further studies, in 1920 he went to England at his own expenses. There he was awarded honor of D.Sc by the London University. Ambedkar also spent few months at the University of Bonn, Germany, to study economics. On 8 June, 1927, he was awarded a Doctorate by the University of Columbia.

    Dalit Movement
    After returning to India, Bhimrao Ambedkar decided to fight against the caste discrimination that almost fragmented the nation. Ambedkar opined that there should be separate electoral system for the Untouchables and lower caste people. He also favored the concept of providing reservations for Dalits and other religious communities.

    Ambedkar began to find ways to reach to the people and make them understand the drawbacks of the prevailing social evils. He launched a newspaper called "Mooknayaka" (leader of the silent). It was believed that, one day, after hearing his speech at a rally, Shahu IV, an influential ruler of Kolhapur dined with the leader. The incident also created a huge uproar in the socio-political arena of the country.

    Political career
    Dr. B. R. AmbedkarIn 1936, Ambedkar founded the Independent Labor Party. In the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly his party won 15 seats. Ambedkar oversaw the transformation of his political party into the All India Scheduled Castes Federation, although it performed poorly in the elections held in 1946 for the Constituent Assembly of India.

    Ambedkar objected to the decision of Congress and Mahatma Gandhi to call the untouchable community as Harijans. He would say that even the members of untouchable community are same as the other members of the society. Ambedkar was appointed on the Defence Advisory Committee and the Viceroy's Executive Council as Minister for Labor. His reputation as a scholar led to his appointment as free India's first, Law Minister and chairman of the committee responsible to draft a constitution.

    Framer of Constitution
    Bhimrao Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of the constitution drafting committee. He was also a noted scholar and eminent jurist. Ambedkar emphasized on the construction of a virtual bridge between the classes of the society. According to him, it would be difficult to maintain the unity of the country if the difference among the classes were not met.

    Conversion to Buddhism
    In 1950, Ambedkar traveled to Sri Lanka to attend a convention of Buddhist scholars and monks. After his return he decided to write a book on Buddhism and soon, converted himself to Buddhism. In his speeches, Ambedkar lambasted the Hindu rituals and caste division. Ambedkar founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha In 1955. His book "The Buddha and His Dhamma" was published posthumously.

    On October 14, 1956 Ambedkar organized a public ceremony to convert around five lakh of his supporters into Buddhism. Ambedkar traveled to Kathmandu to attend the Fourth World Buddhist Conference. He completed his final manuscript, "The Buddha or Karl Marx" on December 2, 1956.

    Death
    Since 1954-55 Ambedkar was suffering from serious health problems including diabetes and weak eyesight. On 6 December, 1956 he died at his home in Delhi. Since, Ambedkar adopted the Buddhism as his religion, a Buddhist-style cremation was organized for him. The ceremony was attended by hundreds of thousands of supporters, activists and admirers.
     
  9. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    A few more pics of Ambedkar

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  10. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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  11. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    The fact that Babasaheb`s memory is still strong about Indians is understood quite clearly when he was voted "The Greatest Indian after Gandhi" in an CNN-IBN organized poll.Here`s a video on Babasaheb.


     
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  12. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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  13. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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  14. hit&run

    hit&run Elite Member Elite Member

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    He was ray of light for darker India, which brightened our future for ages to come.

    Without legal frame work and guidance of his constitution, Indians (especially Hindus) can not come out of the midset of committing discriminations on the bases of cast.
     
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  15. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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  16. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Ambedkar quotes

    So long as you do not achieve social liberty, whatever freedom is provided by the law is of no avail to you.-B. R. Ambedkar

    Law and order are the medicine of the body of politics and when the body of politics gets sick, medicine must be administered.-B. R. Ambedkar

    Every man who repeats the dogma of Mill that one country is no fit to rule another country must admit that one class is not fit to rule another class.-B. R. Ambedkar

    What are we having this liberty for? We are having this liberty in order to reform our social system, which is full of inequality, discrimination and other things, which conflict with our fundamental rights.-B. R. Ambedkar

    Cultivation of mind should be the ultimate aim of human existence.-B. R. Ambedkar

    I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.-B. R. Ambedkar

    For a successful revolution it is not enough that there is discontent. What is required is a profound and thorough conviction of the justice, necessity and importance of political and social rights.-B. R. Ambedkar

    A people and their religion must be judged by social standards based on social ethics. No other standard would have any meaning if religion is held to be necessary good for the well-being of the people.-B. R. Ambedkar

    Life should be great rather than long.-B. R. Ambedkar

    We are Indians, firstly and lastly.-B. R. Ambedkar
     
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  17. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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  18. Bodhi

    Bodhi Tihar Jail Banned

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    No true follower of Babasaheb would consider him an avatar of a Hindu god.
     
  19. warriorextreme

    warriorextreme Senior Member Senior Member

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    This goes everything against which babasaheb stood for...avtarvad and manu....babasaheb actually taught his followers to stop believing that an avtar will come to save them...we have to be our own saviors...
     
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  20. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Lest we forget today is the 122nd birthday of Babasaheb Ambedkar,the great soul.Let us pay homage to this Messiah not through petty words but through our actions.All Indians should follow his ideals and make India the greatest country in the world.


    JAI BHIM
     
  21. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]

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