As floods crisis spreads, Modi offers assistance to Pakistan

Discussion in 'Foreign Relations' started by Blackwater, Sep 8, 2014.

  1. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    [​IMG]

    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed anguish at the loss of lives and property caused by floods -- the worst in 60 years -- and said he was ready to provide Pakistan assistance in tackling the disaster.

    A report published on the Deccan Chronicle website quoted Modi as saying, "In this hour of distress, the government of India is ready to provide humanitarian assistance to those areas if the Pakistan government needs it."

    This humanitarian gesture by Modi comes against the backdrop of his visit to Indian-held Kashmir, following the devastation caused by massive flooding in the Jhelum river. Declaring the Jammu and Kashmir floods a "national level disaster", Modi called upon other states to pitch in with relief assistance.

    The Indian prime minister said Rs200,000 (Indian rupees) will be provided to the next of kin of each person whose life has been lost in the calamity and Rs50,000 would be provided to each person who is grievously injured.

    Floods spread
    Landslides and flash floods triggered by heavy monsoon rains have killed nearly 300 people in large swaths of northern India and Pakistan.

    The flooding has submerged villages and ruined crops with over 2,500 villages partially or completely submerged across the area, while thousands of people are stranded on rooftops waiting to be rescued.

    Also read: Floods crisis rapidly becoming national emergency

    Rescuers in both countries were using helicopters and boats to try to reach tens of thousands of people stranded in their homes as floodwaters rose and submerged many villages.

    More than 4,000 homes across Pakistan have collapsed, rendering thousands of people homeless.

    Pakistan's armed forces and civilian rescuers have mounted a massive operation using helicopters and boats to get villagers to safety.

    Pakistan and India suffer widespread flooding each year during the monsoon season, which runs from June through September. In 2010, flash floods killed 1,700 people in Pakistan.
    As floods crisis spreads, Modi offers assistance to Pakistan - World - DAWN.COM
     
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  3. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    latest is: instead of taking help from india, pakistan offers help to flood victims in Indian kashmir:shocked::shocked:

    mard-a-momen ,,gairat jaag uthi:lol::lol::lol:
     
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  4. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    No lessons learnt in flood-hit Pakistan

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    Recent monsoon rains and the destruction they have left in their wake in major cities of Punjab provide a grim picture of the inability of urban settlements to cope with intense downpours in a warming world.

    The television footage showed torrents of water gushing into homes, of people wading in at least four feet of water, of army helicopters rescuing people from rooftops, submerged arteries and underpasses of the eastern city of Lahore, and news flashes of deaths due to roof and wall collapses or electrocution, or of being swept away by the angry waves. The civic agencies with their army of men and motorised suction pumps waged a losing battle against the vagaries of nature.

    Go in-depth: Is Pakistan ready for a monsoon catastrophe?

    Reports of destruction caused in distant villagers marooned and of bridges connecting remote settlements and landslides is another story altogether.

    [​IMG]

    Floods to be the 'new normal'
    To climate scientists like Ghulam Rasul, the deputy director general at the Pakistan Meteorological Department, the weather event such as the one witnessed in Pakistan, is the beginning of the new normal in years to come. The aberration in weather patterns will be exacerbated by inadequate and poor planning and poor governance, he said.

    By September 6, the death toll had crossed 100 in Punjab and Pakistan administered Kashmir. The Punjab Chief Minister, Shahbaz Sharif, had announced an immediate compensation of Rs 500,000 to the relatives of each person killed and Rs 100,000 for those injured in rain-induced incidents.

    “The reason for this heavy precipitation is quite clear; it is a consequence of climate change,” said Rasul. He explained that the current “spell of rainfall persisted for longer period than usual.”

    It would have been normal and “routine” if the monsoon system coming from the Bay of Bengal, crossing India had reached the border of Sindh and moved northwards and it had rained along the way when the winds reached Punjab before reaching the foothills of the Himalayas.

    Terming the current nexus a “triangular interaction,” Rasul said, “In this particular instance, the monsoonal system overstayed its journey over the plains of Punjab where the cold wind interacted with surface temperatures that were high, leading to increased heat energy. This, in turn, caused enhanced precipitation.”

    Rasul warned that intense and heavy rainfall causing urban flooding is going to be a regular feature in future.

    Aggravating the disaster

    While Naseer Memon, heading the NGO Strengthening Participatory Organisation, finds it difficult to establish a connection between such lone events to climate change. He said these events provide a reality check on the ability of urban areas to cope with flooding from intense downpours. “Improper land use, poor urban infrastructure and haphazard settlement are visible reasons that converted a weather event into a disaster,” he said.

    Comparing the destruction and loss of life caused in cities of Punjab near the Chenab river to Islamabad, he said the federal capital also received heavy showers but no casualties were reported. The cities badly affected included Lahore , Gujranwala and Sialkot.

    “It indicates the difference of infrastructure and compliance with regulations,” said Memon, author of a book called Malevolent Floods of Pakistan. He added that the populated settlements in flood plains have brought miseries to communities.

    Endorsing Memon, Rasul said, “We have newer settlements mushrooming everywhere but nothing is regulated and developers are not bound by building regulations. Many of the new housing development schemes have no sewage system and if they do have it, it has smaller drainage pipes which do not have the capacity to carry out storm water.”

    “If you look at our policies, including the climate policy, you will find much wisdom there, but then it remains confined to those sheaves of paper,” Rasul said, terming Pakistan “the best policy maker but the worst implementer”.

    Urban planner, Farhan Anwar, author of Urban Resilience and Climate Change, a recent publication, described the “lack of research-based adaptation measures” as one of the reasons for the devastation being witnessed currently.

    He said there was no “mapping of hazard zone that can locate the exposed people and assets in the projected flood zone so that a vulnerability profile can be developed there and efforts made to reduce their vulnerabilities and increase resilience.”

    In addition, he said, no financial flood insurance mechanisms existed. “Often, such a calamity does not only damage their dwellings but also their means of earning and sustenance” compounding their problems, pointed out Anwar. He added that the government should initiate a flood insurance scheme based on the probability of the flooding event.

    And while short term emergency response and shelter facilities get provided in the case of a disaster, he said there was a lack of an integrated evacuation and disaster risk management plan with provisions for relevant actions embedded in the appropriate legislative and institutional frameworks.

    Anwar pointed to an urgent need to “determine the potential frequency and magnitude of possible urban flooding scenarios”.

    He recommended a need for “establishment of flood plains” where the communities and assets and their vulnerability factors can be combined to produce an “index” of flood vulnerability. “This can then be plotted using census data to map vulnerability.”

    In addition, said Anwar, the drainage network needs to be assessed in detail for its capacity to cater to extreme flooding scenarios. “Response measures such as provision of better housing options, training in first aid and basic rescue drills, relocation, knowledge and access to clearly disseminated evacuation plans etc. need to be put in place. Increase in green and open spaces in strategically located parts of the city can also act as a defence as such spaces act as infiltration basins,” he said.

    No lessons learnt in flood-hit Pakistan - Pakistan - DAWN.COM
     
  5. rock127

    rock127 Maulana Rockullah Senior Member

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    Kya Pakistan azad ho gaya? :confused:
     
  6. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    aab pakistan ,is duniya se hi azaad hoga
     

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