Agni V Missile

Discussion in 'Strategic Forces' started by Daredevil, Oct 12, 2009.

  1. Daredevil

    Daredevil On Vacation! Administrator

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    [mod]All Agni-V related posts and discussion here[/mod]

    Road mobility gives Agni-5 global reach

    Ajai Shukla / Hyderabad October 12, 2009, 0:18 IST

    The Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) in Hyderabad, which develops India’s strategic (long-range, nuclear-tipped) missiles, has dramatically increased the options for its forthcoming Agni-5 missile by making it highly road-mobile, or easily transportable by road.

    That enables the Agni-5 to reach targets far beyond its stated 5,000-km range by quickly moving closer to the target. In a hypothetical war against, say, Sweden, an Agni-5 launcher, stationed near Bangalore, would be unable to strike Stockholm, 7,000 km away. But moving by road to Amritsar would bring Stockholm within range.

    Similarly, moving the Agni-5 to northeast India would bring even Harbin, China’s northernmost city, within striking range. From various places across India, the Agni-5 can reach every continent except North and South America.

    The Agni-5 will be the first canisterised, road-mobile missile in India’s arsenal, similar to the Dongfeng-31A that created ripples during China’s National Day Military Parade in Beijing on October 1. India’s current long-range missile, the Agni-3, a non-canisterised missile, can only be moved with difficulty from one place to another.

    In many other respects, the Agni-5, which is scheduled to make its first flight in early-2011, carries forward the Agni-3 pedigree. With composites used extensively to reduce weight, and a third stage added on (the Agni-3 was a two-stage missile), the Agni-5 can fly 1,500 km further than the 3,500-km Agni-3.


    “The Agni-5 is specially tailored for road-mobility,” explains Avinash Chander, Director, ASL. “With the canister having been successfully developed, all India’s future land-based strategic missiles will be canisterised as well”.

    Made of maraging steel, a canister must provide a hermitically sealed atmosphere that preserves the missile for years. During firing, the canister must absorb enormous stresses when a thrust of 300to 400 tonnes is generated to eject the 50-tonne missile.

    Canister technology was first developed in India for the Brahmos cruise missile. But it was the K-15 underwater-launched missile, developed here in Hyderabad for India’s nuclear-powered submarine, INS Arihant, which fully overcame the technological hurdles in canisterising ballistic missiles.

    Another major technological breakthrough that will beef up the Agni-5 is ASL’s success in developing and testing MIRVs (multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles). An MIRV, atop an Agni-5 missile, comprises three to 10 separate nuclear warheads. Each warhead can be assigned to a separate target, separated by hundreds of kilometres; alternatively, two or more warheads can be assigned to one target.

    “We have made major progress on the MIRVs in the last two years,” is all that Avinash Chander is willing to say on the subject.

    Nevertheless, extensive testing still lies ahead for this highly complex technology. MIRVs will be deployed on the Agni-5 only after another 4-5 years.

    While MIRV technology is similar to launching multiple satellites through a space rocket, a missile requires far greater accuracy. A satellite would be considered in correct orbit even it is a kilometre higher or lower than planned.

    But each warhead in an MIRV must impact within 40 metres of its target. With such high accuracies, even small nuclear warheads are sufficient for the job.

    Strategic planners consider MIRVs essential, given India’s declared “no first use” nuclear policy. Even after an enemy has hit India with a full-fledged nuclear strike, destroying or incapacitating much of the strategic arsenal, a handful of surviving Indian missiles must be capable of retaliating with massive and unacceptable damage. Multiple warheads on a handful of Agni-5 missiles would constitute such a capability.

    MIRVs also enable a single missile to overwhelm the enemy’s missile defences. Tracking and shooting down multiple warheads are far more difficult than intercepting a single warhead.

    Providing each warhead with the capability to manoeuvre, and dodge enemy interceptor missiles, increases survivability further. The MIRV warheads are also being given electronic packages for jamming enemy radars.
     
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  3. Martian

    Martian Respected Member Senior Member

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    "In a hypothetical war against, say, Sweden, an Agni-5 launcher, stationed near Bangalore, would be unable to strike Stockholm, 7,000 km away. But moving by road to Amritsar would bring Stockholm within range."

    This will upset the Swedes and push them to join the US ABM shield.
     
  4. natarajan

    natarajan Senior Member Senior Member

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    I dont think so guy ,it is just for understanding of common about the range of this missile as india is a peace loving nation and with it "first no use policy".I trust india as it is patient against pakistan(which is sponsoring terrorism and making mess) and china ,hence swedes need not think of this:india:
    usa has capability to strike any country in the world so is all nations fearing for it ?
     
  5. ppgj

    ppgj Senior Member Senior Member

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    they would have already done it 'cos russian, chinese missiles already cover stockholm.
    in the above report he is just taking stockholm to illustrate the missile. does not mean threatening them. india and sweden have no issues to fight.
     
  6. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    Agni-5 on the way

    What makes 5000 km range Agni-5 missile deadlier: Rediff.com news

    The agni 5 has the potential to become agame changer in south asian affairs , now if only we could hurry up the testing a bit.
     
  7. qilaotou

    qilaotou Regular Member

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    Should be similar to DF-3.

    DF-31A has a range of over 11,000Km with 700kg payload, and it could hit most strategic targets on earth as PLA claims.
     
  8. ironman

    ironman Regular Member

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    [​IMG]
    Agni programme director and Advanced Systems Laboratory director Avinash Chander (centre), with his colleagues, displays a model of Agni-V at a press meet in Hyderabad​
     
  9. Arun

    Arun Regular Member

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    Bro your Dong with 11000km is not a big deal coz look at the payload it carries,only 700kg.You might be forgetting the fact that by reducing the payload the range of missiles can be increased.For example Agni 3 [with a 3,500 km range and a total payload of "2490 kg" (wiki)] range can be increased by reducing its payload considerably. "That is range is inversely proportional to Payload".

    Taking note of india's previous missiles all have higher payloads [prithvi 2 1000kg],Agni 5 will also have higher payloads.There by reducing payload its range can be increased depending upon the need.

    [I am looking for genuine article to support my view ,so pls wait ]

    Here you go

    http://www.indiaresearch.org/Shourya_Missile.pdf

    Guys pls take look at the Range vs payload section in this article
     
  10. youngindian

    youngindian Senior Member Senior Member

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    India's new missile is able to attack China's Harbin

    October 14, 2009

    India's Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) has made its forthcoming Agni-5 missile highly road-mobile, or easily transportable by road, which would bring Harbin, China's northernmost city within striking range if the Agni-5 is moved to northeast India.

    The Agni-5 is similar to the Dongfeng-31A presented in China's National Day Military Parade in Beijing . India is going to test-fire the missile in early 2011.

    The ASL, which develops India's long-range, nuclear-tipped missiles, enables the Agni-5 to reach targets far beyond its stated 5,000-km range by quickly moving closer to the target. Therefore, from various places across India, the Agni-5 can reach every continent except North and South America.

    India's new missile is able to attack China's Harbin - People's Daily Online
     
  11. Supersallu

    Supersallu New Member

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    Thats Agni III. Agni V will be 3 stages not 2 as in the picture.
     
  12. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    any idea what is going to be the base for the Agni-v TEL?are we looking at russia for MAZ designs or trying to develop something on our own.
     
  13. Sridhar

    Sridhar House keeper Moderator

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  14. natarajan

    natarajan Senior Member Senior Member

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    how do you find whether it is 2 or 3 stage looking at the picture?
     
  15. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    Any area not covered can still be covered by reducing the payload 25% or more,in the future possibly next 5-7 years there will be an AGNI SLBM MIRV which will cover any gaps in regions that may exist. There is also an error in this article AGNI 5 is not the first Indian cannisterized missile SHAURIYA is a cannisterized missile already in our inventory.This will be our first MIRV misisle.
     
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  16. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    The Agni-5 is similar to the Dongfeng-31A presented in China's National Day Military Parade in Beijing . India is going to test-fire the missile in early 2011.

    This is also incorrect Dongfeng-31A an AGNI 5 don't have much in common except similar range. Dongfeng-31A is one 700kg-1MT warhead while AGNI 5 is MIRV with 3 to 10 spearate warheads where 2 warheads can target the same target if needed. Each warhead maybe be 50-100kt each. The obvious difference is Dongfeng-31 hits one target and AGNI can hit 10 different targets, also it is much easier to intercept one missile than 10 different warheads even with some being dummy warheads. So Dongfeng-31 and AGNI have very little to nothing in common.
     
  17. Daredevil

    Daredevil On Vacation! Administrator

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    LF, Agni-V and DF-31A have quite a few similarities though. Both are three staged, canisterized and solid-propellant fueled missiles. There is a speculation that DF-31A is MIRVed as well but can carry up to three war heads.

    China's Ballistic Missile Update - 2004

    http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/missile/naic/NASIC2009.pdf
     
  18. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    You are right DD i am confused between DF-31 and DF-31A, there are reports that DF-31's are based in Tibet and pointed at India??why the need for an ICBM when an IRBM is all that's required?

    Asia Times Online :: China News, China Business News, Taiwan and Hong Kong News and Business.


    "China's positioning of its intermediate range missiles such as DF-4s and DF-21s in Tibet, and reports which suggest that China could also deploy DF-31 and DF-31A ICBMs at bases such as Delingha near Tibet, raise serious concerns. Both the DF-31s and DF-31As are road mobile and use solid propellant engines. Placing medium-range ballistic missiles in Delingha which can hit targets approximately 2,500 kilometers away can put all of northern India at risk, including New Delhi," said Dr Rajeswari Rajagopalan, senior fellow in security studies at the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi.
     
  19. Arun

    Arun Regular Member

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    So bro do you have any idea about the payload of Agni 5, since each website is giving diff values, i am bit confused.

    Guys since Shaurya is a spin off of Sagarika [k-15] missile ,can we expect a SLBM version of Agni-5,as it is a canister launched.
     
  20. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    in the future you can expect Shauriya and AGNI 5 both in SLBM form, AGNI ideally will be in SLBM MIRV. AGNI 5 will be 1 ton nuclear or conventional payload. There will be 3 -10 warheads in the MIRV some maybe dummy warheads but each warhead will have 30-100 kilotons, instead of delivering 1 MEGATON in one spot it will deliver 50-100 kt in many different locations.
     
  21. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

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    http://www.ptinews.com/news/333226_Chinese-daily-claims-Agni-5-can-reach-Harbin

    Chinese daily claims Agni-5 can reach Harbin

    STAFF WRITER 19:48 HRS IST

    Beijing, Oct 15 (PTI) Agni-5, India's latest long-range nuclear-capable missile under development, can target China's northernmost city of Harbin, a leading Chinese newspaper has claimed amid a slew of strident anti-India articles over the status of Arunachal Pradesh.

    "India's Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) has made its forthcoming Agni-5 missile highly road-mobile, or easily transportable by road, which would bring Harbin, China's northernmost city within striking range if the Agni-5 is moved to northeast India," the People's Daily reported.

    Harbin is the capital of China's Heilongjiang Province.

    The paper, the mouthpiece of the ruling Communist Party, noted that the Agni-5 which has a range of 5,000 km is similar to the Dongfeng-31A showcased during China's National Day Military Parade on October 1 in Beijing.

    India is going to test-fire the missile in early 2011, the report claimed.
     

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