Against malnutrition, Gujarat is the best-performing State

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  1. parijataka

    parijataka Senior Member Senior Member

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    Article uses CAG and central govt figures to compare Gujarat and other states in rest of India.

    Against malnutrition, Gujarat is the best-performing State

    For years, journalists and academics have criticised the Gujarat model alleging that it has ‘ignored’ the social sector. One of the most popular claims is how Gujarat has lagged behind in countering malnutrition. The aim of this article is to look at data points related to a few social indicators on the basis of which people have criticised the Gujarat story.

    Gujarat fights, wins against malnutrition

    A lot of people have quoted data from the National Family Health Survey III conducted in 2005-2006 and talked about high malnutrition in the State. Latest data from a CAG report on the ICDS which quotes data obtained from the Ministry of Child and Women Development shows how Gujarat in fact has been one of the best performing States when it came to countering malnutrition. A small comparison made in Table 1 shows how the performance of the BJP Governments was much better than the national average. Gujarat which had 70.69 per cent malnourished children in 2007 when the national average was 50.1 per cent has reduced it below the national average of 41.16 per cent to 38.77 per cent. The performance of some of the Congress-ruled States like Andhra Pradesh and Haryana on the other hand was dismal.

    [table="width: 500, class: outer_border"]
    [tr]
    [td]PERCENTAGE OF MALNOURISHED CHILDREN[/td]
    [td]2007[/td]
    [td]2011[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]All India[/td]
    [td]50.10[/td]
    [td]41.16[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Andhra Pradesh[/td]
    [td]53.23[/td]
    [td]48.27[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Haryana[/td]
    [td]45.34[/td]
    [td]42.95[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Madhya Pradesh [/td]
    [td]49.61[/td]
    [td]28.49[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Uttarakhand[/td]
    [td]45.71[/td]
    [td]24.93[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Gujarat[/td]
    [td]70.69[/td]
    [td]38.77[/td]
    [/tr]
    [/table]
    Source: CAG Report on ICDS

    [table="width: 500, class: outer_border"]
    [tr]
    [td]SEX RATION OF CHILDREN AGED 0-4 [/td]
    [td]2004-06[/td]
    [td]2008-10[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]All India[/td]
    [td]908[/td]
    [td]914[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Andhra Pradesh[/td]
    [td]959[/td]
    [td]937[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Maharashtra[/td]
    [td]886[/td]
    [td]907[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Gujarat[/td]
    [td]858[/td]
    [td]897[/td]
    [/tr]
    [/table]

    Source: Registrar General of India, SRS-2010

    The child sex ratio for children (0-4) in Gujarat increased from 858 in 2004 to 897 by 2010. The national average increased only from 908 to 914. Andhra Pradesh saw a decline in fact from 959 to 937.

    Gujarat wins battle against malnutrition

    PERCENTAGE OF LIVE BIRTHS IN WHICH MOTHER RECEIVED MEDICAL ATTENTION AT PRIVATE AND GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL

    [table="width: 500, class: outer_border"]
    [tr]
    [td][/td]
    [td]2005[/td]
    [td]2010[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]All India Average[/td]
    [td]34.5[/td]
    [td]60.5[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Gujarat Average[/td]
    [td]52.5[/td]
    [td]79.8[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]All India Urban Areas[/td]
    [td]70.4[/td]
    [td]84.2[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Gujarat Urban Areas[/td]
    [td]83.3[/td]
    [td]94.1[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]All India Rural Areas[/td]
    [td]24.4[/td]
    [td]53.9[/td]
    [/tr]
    [tr]
    [td]Gujarat Rural Areas[/td]
    [td]36.1[/td]
    [td]72.2[/td]
    [/tr]
    [/table]

    Source: Registrar General of India, SRS-2010

    The percentage of live births where the mother received treatment at a Government or a private hospital increased from 52.5 per cent to 79.8 per cent. The all-India average increased in a higher proportion from 34.5 to 60.5, but Gujarat was at a high level especially in urban areas where the scope for increase had been exhausted (from 83.3 to 94 per cent).
     
    Last edited: Jul 31, 2013
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