After food, UPA proposes homes for rural poor

Discussion in 'Economy & Infrastructure' started by Yusuf, Mar 14, 2013.

  1. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

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    4500sqft home for every homeless family? Ridiculous!

    ==•••
    Ahead of the Lok Sabha elections due next year, the UPA government is ready with another flagship, entitlement-based programme, this time promising homes to the rural homeless.
    The draft National Right to Homestead Bill, 2013, which hopes to enable this welfare measure is ready for inter-ministerial consultation and will be circulated among ministries and states on March 18.

    The Right to Homestead Bill is being readied, even as another ambitious entitlement-based legislation —the National Food Security Bill, 2011 —continues to hang fire and is yet to get Parliament’s nod. Both laws could be electorally crucial for the Congress ahead of key state elections this year and Lok Sabha polls due next year.

    The Homestead Bill is part of the charter of demands made by the Ekta Parishad —an activist movement comprising thousands of community-based organisations and individuals —in Agra last year, to which Rural Development minister Jairam Ramesh had agreed. “We are fulfilling an important commitment made as part of the Agra agreement,” Ramesh said. The Bill has been drafted in consultation with the Ekta Parishad.

    The draft, prepared by the Rural Development ministry, promises every landless and homeless poor family in rural areas a homestead “of not less than 10 cents” (0.1 acre or 4,356 sq ft), much on the lines of its marquee Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act (MGNREGA) that promises 100 days of employment to each rural household every year.

    The ministry hopes to introduce the bill in the monsoon session of Parliament.

    The draft Homestead Bill, a copy of which is with The Indian Express, says the right to a homestead has to be enforced within a specified time period, but not exceeding five years from the date of enactment of the law.

    ‘Homestead’ is defined as a land area “of not less than 10 cents”, consisting of a “dwelling” with “adequate” housing facilities. Each rural poor family that does not hold any agricultural land or homestead will be eligible under the proposed legislation, including families living on rent.

    However, the eligibility criteria devised excludes families that own land in other parts of the country, those who pay income-tax, government employees and those in private jobs with an annual salary of over Rs 1 lakh or as prescribed by the state government.

    According to the eleventh plan document, an estimated 13 to 18 million families in rural India are landless, of which about 8 million don’t have homes.

    “Adequacy” of housing, as defined by the draft, includes access to basic services, appropriate location, accessibility, cultural adequacy as well as right to basic services and civic amenities such as drinking water, electricity, roads and public transport, among others.

    The Bill proposes that the title to the homestead would be in the name of the adult woman member of the family and that priority in allotment will be given to “marginalised” women, and members of other marginalised communities including transgenders.

    The homestead will be inheritable by next of kin, but preference will be given to daughters. In another attempt to promote ‘equality’, the draft proposes that such plots have to be “equitably allocated to ensure social integration within the village” so that members of all castes have equal rights and access. “The allocation of homestead plots must, under no circumstances, perpetuate discrimination and social segregation of communities within rural areas,” the draft says.

    The proposed scheme will be on a 75:25 cost-sharing basis between the Centre and state governments and the latter will have the right to acquire land for the programme if it is “satisfied it is necessary to acquire land” using provisions of the Land Acquisition Act, 1984.

    The state government has to also make an inventory of land - government, ceiling surplus, unutilised land acquired for industry, land on which lease has expired and other such land - to make it available for allotment.

    The gram sabha will be responsible for identifying homeless poor families and preparing the priority list. The draft also provides for monitoring and evaluation measures and checks like grievance redressal mechanisms and social audits.

    FOR A HOME

    EVERY landless and homeless poor family in rural India will get a ‘homestead’ of ‘not less than 10 cents’ (0.1 acre or 4,356 sq ft), consisting of a ‘dwelling’ with ‘adequate’ facilities. Families living on rent will also be eligible.

    BILL may come in Parliament’s monsoon session. Scheme will be enforced within five years of law’s enactment.

    8 MILLION of India’s estimated 13 million-18 million landless rural families are homeless, according to the Eleventh Plan document.

    http://m.indianexpress.com/news/after-food-upa-proposes-homes-for-rural-poor/1087760/
     
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  3. arnabmit

    arnabmit Homo Communis Indus Senior Member

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    Any of you read "Atlas Shrugged" by Ayn Rand?

    It describes what happens to a community when the principle is applied of "From each as per their ability, to each as per their need". Slowly but surely the producers loose the motivation to produce, and the looters by thrive by demanding production and sustenance from the producers. Govt tries to enforce production by bringing in equality policies, which further degrades production because of inefficient people sitting on govt sanctioned resources. Till the time someone says "enough is enough".

    We are speedily heading towards the same situation.
     
  4. nrj

    nrj Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    NDA is going to have a hard time opposing these schemes.

    Congress will just portray them as villains who do not want homeless people to have a roof.
     
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  5. parijataka

    parijataka Senior Member Senior Member

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    Congress is leaving a poisoned cup for their successors, if at all. I am expecting UPA-III in 2014 in any case.
     
  6. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    Supreme Court seeks Centre's response on Chhattisgarh PDS mode

    .....The Supreme Court on Monday sought the Centre's comment on the Raman Singh government's model of TPDS implementation, which was repeatedly cited by petitioner People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) as the one which could be taken as a model for other states to emulate......

    "We would like the Centre's comment on the Chhattisgarh model because we do not have a mechanism to check. If everyone agrees that Chhattisgarh model is the best, what is the Centre's view and can it be emulated in other states," asked a bench of Justices TS Thakur and FM I Kalifulla......

    PUCL counsel Colin Gonsalves said Chhattisgarh had abolished privately run fair price shops which had become dens of corruption as food grain meant for the poorest of the poor was diverted to the open market by unscrupulous elements.

    "Chhattisgarh has given the distribution to mahila mandals (women's conferences) and self-help groups (SHGs). These have achieved excellent results in the state," Gonsalves said. But the bench asked whether permitting SHGs to operate fair price shops was tested anywhere else and wanted to know what should be the time period for the switchover from private dealers to SHGs.

    Gonsalves cited another BJP-ruled state as an example. "Madhya Pradesh too experimented with the Chhattisgarh model to achieve huge success in reaching the poorest of the poor with subsidized food grains. Chhattisgarh first trained the mahila mandals and SHGs in running the FPS and then brought in a law abolishing private run FPS. In six months, the switchover happened," he said.

    Supreme Court seeks Centre’s response on Chhattisgarh PDS model - Times Of India

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    The success of public distribution system (PDS) has had a striking 'impact' on curtailing malnutrition in Chhattisgarh. The much-applauded system of the state, aimed to ensure the poor do not remain hungry, has 'tackled' malnutrition appreciably. When over half of the state's children were deemed to be malnourished till 2006-07 (54%), the efficacy of PDS apparently countered the silent and invisible emergency on malnutrition.

    During a span of four years, the cheap food-grains at doorsteps and the effective Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) evidently led to accomplishing conspicuous progress in bringing the malnutrition to 38%......

    "Besides the CAG which usually relies on government data, we have other studies that showed substantial decline, close to 38 %, in malnutrition cases in Chhattisgarh".

    With the people getting "enough" ration, the money saved due to availability of subsidised food from PDS, which was reformed in 2005-06,provides the option to buy other food to complete their diet, claimed the state government.

    The state, with pre-dominantly tribal population, has emerged ahead of several states including the national capital Delhi in registering a substantial decrease in the malnourished children during the last four years, cited a report of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG).

    The CAG concurred with the claimed drop in malnutrition. The malnutrition rate in Delhi was reported to be as high as 49.19 % with Bihar having a shocking 82.12%.

    Effective PDS ‘tackles’ malnutrition in Chhattisgarh - Hindustan Times


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    Roti, Kapda auir Makan has been an empty slogan so far.

    Innovative ways are required in implementation and not mere launching of policies that go into disuse or does not even start!

    Some Govts are hot air and some deliver.

    TN has a very good HD record.
     
    Last edited: Mar 18, 2013
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  7. Vishwarupa

    Vishwarupa Senior Member Senior Member

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    This Roti( food), Kapda( Cloths) & Makkan( house) party has promised Makkan.

    Now only Kapda is pending( roti already being promised).

    I request Congress to come up with a scheme in which they can distribute free cloths.

    India is lucky to have this party:frusty:
     
  8. Jagdish

    Jagdish Regular Member

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    Election gimmick ;)
     
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  9. sob

    sob Moderator Moderator

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    This is a five year programme and is expected to cost Rs. 150,000 Crore or approximately Rs. 30,000 Crores every year.

    In this years budget the FM had promised to reduce the subisdy by a similar amount and with this new subsidy burden coming how is he going to meet the Fiscal deficit targets. With elections fast approaching it will be very difficult for the Govt. to resist this pressure from the NAC/Ms.Gandhi. We are looking forward to more fudging of accounts from the FM.
     
  10. jamesvaikom

    jamesvaikom Regular Member

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    4500sqft land with home. Homeless people need homes but why giving them land? Why can't Govt. construct apartment houses and use extra land for farming, mining etc? We have huge coal reserves in densely populated states like West Bengal. We can extract those natural resources by constructing more apartment houses.

    Freebees like homes should be given only to people who agree to adapt family planning. If a man who get free home have 6 children then Govt. will be forced to provide 6 more homes to his children in future. Freebees are good if they reduce poverty and are not recurring. If freebees are given to poor people who have less children then their standard of living will improve and they may not need freebees in future.
     
  11. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

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    Let me talk about a scheme implemented by my community in Chennai for the poor in my community.. A welfare and upliftment trust in Chennai constructed a few apartments to be given to those who are poor and cannot pay rent. They were given these apartments on a compulsory monthly rent of ₹100 only for a period of three years following which they will have to vacate the premises if their earnings have increased. These people were also given interest free loans to do business so that they can afford to pay for their basic necessities. Point in charging rent even if its ridiculously low is to not make people nikamma.

    Base point, don't make people nikamma. Assist in welfare of the people but don't make them dependent on you. If policy is strict, people will not take for granted. Don't come up with schemes that become political hot potatoes later on like reservations, Haj subsidies etc

    @Ray @Singh
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 10, 2015
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  12. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    @Yusuf,

    A very valid point.

    That is why I am against reservation in any sphere.

    It cuts off competition, drive, ingenuity and the sense of achievement.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 10, 2015
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  13. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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