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    From robots to insect repellents, corporates are bringing to the market technologies developed by the Defence Research Development Organisation - The Economic Times

    That Tata Advanced Systems (TAS), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tata Sons, is a key player in unmanned aerial vehicles, is well-known. But what is not available in the public domain is TAS' quest to acquire unmanned ground vehicles, developed by the homegrown Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO). The agency has developed a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) that can handle improvised explosive devices, and also measure radiation and chemical contamination levels. In other words, the homegrown robot can be used by police, NSG and other paramilitary forces in counter-terrorist operations. If the TAS deal goes through (at the final stages when CD went to print), it will be DRDO's fourth technology transfer of the indigenously built robot after the Pune-based Theta Controls, Dynalog India and Bharat Electronics. Apart from a substantial tech transfer fee, DRDO will be pocketing anywhere between 2-4% royalties per unit sold.
    Calco Polychem, the Delhi-based maker of master batches used in the plastic industry, is one such company. DRDO's Centre for Fire Explosives and Environment Safety (CEFEES) has developed a photodegradable and food-grade plastic.

    The lab came up with a master batch - polythene with additives - and Calco snapped it up in January for Rs 20 lakh. Besides, it will give 4% royalty per unit sold to DRDO when it hits the market. "Until now, photodegradable master batches were being imported and were not authentic but this invention will enable us to pass all environmental laws," says Vijay Gupta, managing director, Calco Polychem.

    The DRDO actually developed the master batch for the Army's disposal of plastic in high altitude, like the Siachen glacier. "On exposure to sunlight, the plastic degrades within 30-45 days and has innumerable applications, chiefly in landfills," says Dr Chitra Rajagopal, the scientist behind the invention and associate director at CEFEES.
    RP Singh and Raju Brahma, both scientists at CEFEES, have developed a fire suppressant through continuous process, unlike Dupont's batch process. Last year, the Rs 10,000-crore Gujarat Fluorochemicals Ltd (GFL) showed interest in the technology and snapped it up for Rs 10 crore.

    GFL has already set up a plant for the manufacturing the suppressant in Dahej, Gujarat, at an investment upward of Rs 10 crore. The company hopes to challenge Dupont's monopoly in this product with a lower price. The price offered by GFL is tipped to be at Rs 2000/kg, whereas Dupont vends it at Rs 2,500/kg. "The suppressant is meant for a new generation of fire extinguishers and will hit the market by end of 2012. It does not leave any residue and so enables clean firefighting," says a company spokesperson.
    Also on the block was the Depa cream, a multi-insect repellant, effective against blood-sucking insects, mosquitoes, flies and bugs. The Rs 800 crore Jyothy Laboratories picked up Depa January last year. "While other mosquito repellants work for 1.5-2 hours, Depa is effective for about 7-8 hours," says MP Ramachandran, CMD, Jyothy Laboratories. While the company coughed up Rs 6 crore for the technology to DRDO, the latter stands to gain in terms of royalties at 4% per unit in case of exports, 3% per unit in case of government supplies and 2% per unit for the domestic market. "
    That's how an explosion detection kit, born out of the High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Pune, made it to the kitty of the Noida-based Vantage Integrated Security. Parmod Verma, CMD of Vantage, picked up the kit for Rs 40 lakh last year. Simultaneously, the South Carolina-based Crowe & Co snapped up the product as DRDO signed a non-exclusive agreement with Vantage for selling to the rest of the world and an exclusive one for India. "Though Crowe is in 46 countries, it approached us for manufacturing the products since it doesn't have a manufacturing base in the US," says Verma, adding that the new partnership with Crowe is a win-win since the latter will be selling Vantage security equipment in other markets. Vantage has spent an additional Rs 20 lakh on packaging and will hit the market with the kit in a month.
    Tulip Group is busy branding a detection technology of chikungunya and Japanese encephalitis it acquired from the premier lab. Developed by the Defence Research Development Establishment (DRDE), Gwalior, the Rapid Screening Test based on Elisa technology using genetically engineered proteins and antibodies detects the presence of virus, such as dengue, chikungunya or Japanese encephalitis. While the imported kit costs Rs 5,000, the homegrown version could be as less as Rs 300-400 when it hits the stores. The Goa-based Qualpro Diagnostics of the Tulip Group has paid about Rs 15 lakh for the technology to DRDO. "Trials are on and we'll go to market in about six months," says Dr Arvind Saxena, Senior Manager, R&D, Tulip Group.
    Scientist Lokendra Singh is in his element at DRDE, Gwalior. His bio-digester, completed in 1994, and first installed in Leh, is making waves in the corporate world. Simply put, the bio-digester is a standalone mobile machine that swallows any waste. "In 1984, the Indian Army faced a problem in Siachen with waste being dumped at -40 degree Celsius and so I started work on the bio-digester in 1989 and came out with a solution by 1994," says Singh. Soon, his invention made its way to Siachen and even Indian Railways. A clutch of companies, including Escorts, Omaxe Industries, CVS Technologies, are now in the fray to acquire the technology, points out the 54-year-old.



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    Gun-mounted robot from DRDO to counter terror - Indian Express

    The tests are finally over and city- based DRDO laboratory, Research and Development Engineers (R&DE), is all set with the prototype of a gun-mounted robot which is capable of shooting with the help of small arms mounted on it.

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    http://drdo.gov.in/drdo/pub/nl/2011/NL_Oct_2011_web.pdf

    page 11

    He coordinated the joint DRDO-IDS-Services task teams on roadmap for UAVs, which culminated in finalisation of the draft QR for a long-range subsonic cruise vehicle (SCV). In 2004, he initiated a project for the development of a SCV. As Project Director, he has been coordinating the design, development, integration and testing activities at ADE, GTRE, ASL, RCI, HEMRL, ARDE, R&DE (E), TBRL, and ITR. The system is currently being prepared for its maiden launch in December 2011.

    page 12

    He has worked on projects like Advanced Panoramic Sonar Hull-mounted (APSOH) System at NPOL; Doordrishti, a Command Control and Communication System for remotely piloted vehicles and Image Bandwidth Compression System for video signals at Defence Electronics
    Applications Laboratory (DEAL), Dehradun; and on Facsimile Signals at Scientific Analysis Group (SAG), Delhi.
    page 14

    and has been working in the area of design and development of electromagnetic interference control techniques for ground-based, airborne and ship-borne equipment and systems. He is one of the pioneer scientists who started research activities in the field of nuclear electromagnetic pulse (NEMP) and high-power microwave (HPM) in India. Dr Pandey has also worked on electromagnetic design of various radar systems. Presently, he is involved in design, development and evaluation of various types of antennas for all radar programmes of DRDO.
    page 15

    He has to his credit the distinction of developing and demonstrating the capability of an indigenous ring laser gyro-based INS+GPS system comparable with such systems developed by few selected countries in the world. He played a pivotal role in building India’s totally indigenous multi-satellite constellation receiver (GPS+GLONASS+GAGAN) for high-dynamic applications. He has also developed India’s first miniaturised, 500 fibre-optic gyro-based INS+GPS (FINGS) system. Currently, he is working on MEMS-based miniaturised INS+GPS+GLONASS+Magnetometer System (MINGS) and indigenous navigation systems for Indian naval ships and submarines.
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    Business Line : Markets News : HAL invites merchant bankers for IPO process

    The Department of Disinvestment has invited proposals from merchant bankers to advise it on the public issue of HAL – so far the only defence PSU that is not listed on the bourses. A recent notification said it would appoint two domestic and two international Category-1 bankers as lead managers for the issue.

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    BDL makes component for Nag missile - southindia - Hyderabad - ibnlive

    HYDERABAD: The city-based Bharat Dynamics Ltd has productionised Imaging Infra Red Seekers (IIRS) for Nag, the third-generation anti-tank guided missile.

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    The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Main News

    “We have developed and validated the technology and the weapon in its usable form is expected to be complete within the 12th Plan,” Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory (TBRL) director Dr Manjit Singh said.
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    The battle for Chandipur range


    NEW DELHI: The DRDO and Orissa Government are at odds over renewal of the lease of the former’s missile and gun testing site in and around Chandipur. The Orissa government has been refusing to issue a fresh notification, contending it intends to develop four ports between Paradip and Dhamra along the eastern coastline.

    Since its establishment, Chandipur has been considered a precious test range of pre- and post-Independence India. It played a significant role in the two world wars. A number of test vehicles of different classes, including multi-role missile Trishul, multi-target capability missile Akash, the anti-tank Nag missile, the surface-to-surface missile Prithvi and the Agni-I large scale technology demonstrator have been test-fired from this range. The ITR has also supported a number of other missions such as Multi-barrel Rocket Launcher Pinaka and Pilotless Target Aircraft (PTA).

    With the state government refusing to budge, the defence ministry immediately dispatched Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister and DRDO chief V K Saraswat to discuss the matter with the Orissa Chief Minister. “In a lengthy meeting, Saraswat tried to impress upon the state government that it is not possible to shift the missile testing range from Chandipur. He also explained that the proposed four ports would lead to hectic commercial activity along the coastline, making testing difficult from Wheeler Island and Chandipur,” sources added. Saraswat suggested that the ports should not come up and that a fresh notification should be issued soon. There has been no word yet from the state government.

    DRDO has established elaborate infrastructure at the range with a number of tracking instruments being deployed to cover the total flight path of the test vehicles. The ongoing tussle between the Orissa government and the ministry could prove costly for the rocket development programme as DRDO plans to develop a rocket with 70-km range.


    DRDO would be requiring more area to test rockets with longer range. But this new development can put the project in limbo,” the sources added.

    The battle for Chandipur range | Chandipur Interim Test Range | DRDO | The New Indian Express
    Strength lies not in defense but in attack. ~ Adolf Hitler.

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    The Hindu : States / Andhra Pradesh : India in high grade titanium league: Saraswat

    M. Narayana Rao, Chairman and Managing Director, MIDHANI said the newly developed titanium was an import substitution product and only four other countries — United States, Russia, Japan and Kyrgyzstan had the knowhow to produce aeronautical grade titanium.
    Steel for missiles

    Dr. Saraswat said DMRL had also developed special steel for missiles and space components. Mr. Narayana Rao, who is the president of IIM, urged metallurgists to develop new and innovative materials with improved design for the products to be competitive. He said that reduce, re-use and recycle should be the watchwords.
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    This is interesting:

    The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Nation

    Chandigarh, November 15
    Explosives meant to kill and destroy but being designed to minimise damage to the environment without compromising upon their lethality sounds strange. Yet this is what the scientific community is now seriously contemplating.

    Being referred to “green explosives”, these bombs, and also propellants for missiles and rockets, would be using ingredients that release lesser toxic elements than the emissions of chemical compositions being used at present.

    The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has also initiated work on developing eco-friendly explosives and propellants. “We are also looking to collaborate with some friendly countries in this arena,” a senior scientist who attended the High Energy Materials Conference and Exhibits at DRDO’s Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory here said. “The United Kingdom, Ukraine, Germany and Russia are among the prospective partners,” he added.

    According to defence scientists, the fallout of a chemical explosion does not merely end with the detonation, but the adverse effects of the chemicals continue to linger on in the environment for a long time. This not only affects the atmosphere, but also the ground soil and its organic and inorganic constituents, including agricultural-friendly organisms in the vicinity of the blast site. Similarly, rocket engines emit a huge amount of toxic gases and other elements during combustion and their flight through the atmosphere.

    “Among the options we are exploring is to avoid the use of certain aluminum-based compounds in rocket propellants. Similarly lead compounds in explosives can be replaced,” Dr A. Shubhanand Rao, Chief Controller, DRDO said. “Also, we are studying methodologies to safely dispose-off such toxic materials, where their use if inevitable, through processes known as green-synthesis,” he added.

    DRDO’s High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) is the nodal agency for research and development of explosive materials. It has recently developed CL-20, being claimed as the world’s most powerful convectional explosive. Dr Rao said CL-20 is about 30 per cent more powerful than the RDX. It is now being produced by a private firm, but is an expensive material costing over Rs 70,000 per kg.

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    Quote Originally Posted by nitesh View Post
    This is interesting:

    The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Nation

    Chandigarh, November 15
    Explosives meant to kill and destroy but being designed to minimise damage to the environment without compromising upon their lethality sounds strange. Yet this is what the scientific community is now seriously contemplating.

    Being referred to “green explosives”, these bombs, and also propellants for missiles and rockets, would be using ingredients that release lesser toxic elements than the emissions of chemical compositions being used at present.

    The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has also initiated work on developing eco-friendly explosives and propellants. “We are also looking to collaborate with some friendly countries in this arena,” a senior scientist who attended the High Energy Materials Conference and Exhibits at DRDO’s Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory here said. “The United Kingdom, Ukraine, Germany and Russia are among the prospective partners,” he added.

    According to defence scientists, the fallout of a chemical explosion does not merely end with the detonation, but the adverse effects of the chemicals continue to linger on in the environment for a long time. This not only affects the atmosphere, but also the ground soil and its organic and inorganic constituents, including agricultural-friendly organisms in the vicinity of the blast site. Similarly, rocket engines emit a huge amount of toxic gases and other elements during combustion and their flight through the atmosphere.

    “Among the options we are exploring is to avoid the use of certain aluminum-based compounds in rocket propellants. Similarly lead compounds in explosives can be replaced,” Dr A. Shubhanand Rao, Chief Controller, DRDO said. “Also, we are studying methodologies to safely dispose-off such toxic materials, where their use if inevitable, through processes known as green-synthesis,” he added.

    DRDO’s High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) is the nodal agency for research and development of explosive materials. It has recently developed CL-20, being claimed as the world’s most powerful convectional explosive. Dr Rao said CL-20 is about 30 per cent more powerful than the RDX. It is now being produced by a private firm, but is an expensive material costing over Rs 70,000 per kg.
    Seriously wtf? What kind of prioritization matrix does DRDO work against? This is bull. Spend that money on speeding up other critical research.
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