China's new tack of being aggressively active in her neighbourhood has indeed left the US uncomfortable since it would be mean interactivity of the US in the Asia Pacific realm. It would also mean avoidable expenditure, be it to maintain a military deterrent in the region or wooing prospective 'allies' through aids and concessions that may not be in the US' financial interest. US is hardly in a position to squander its monies.
Therefore, US would be most comfortable if China could be coaxed into its earlier avatar of 'peaceful rise'.
But, a Tiger that has tasted human blood, will it stop being a maneater?
Should China return to the policies of the era of her 'Peaceful Rise'? How will that be beneficial to her, when in actuality, she is on the threshold of becoming a cogent power that can challenge the US supremacy?
From an Indian perspective, it does not really matter. The main issues regarding border, relationship with Pakistan etc. have been there even throughout the 'peaceful rise' years.
The US no doubt would want a return to these earlier years as public perception was that despite all the advancements, the US was still far ahead of China. This has literally turned on its head now, with common perception being China making an almost unstoppable surge to the 'top spot' whilst the US tries desperately to hang on to its glory years.
The main advantage would be other nations view of China, especially in South-East asia. China's ability to dominate that region will determine how powerful she really gets, but this will only be done through an atmosphere of mutual benefit, and not fear (think of the US policy of different spheres of influence and how they monopolised influence of South America - I see the same thing happening).
Unfortunately for China, this has not been the case, with historic issues surrounding Japan and South Korea, and I even see nations like Malaysia and Indonesia sharing more with India rather than China if she continues on this aggressive outlook.
China has risen from her age of isolation, graduating from an international pariah to a nation that is grudgingly recognised as a rising power because of its growing economic and military clout, she has now apparently shed her isolation insecurity and is raring to go to avenge her years of 'shame' (the Chinese communists have this 'years of shame' as an agenda to whip up nationalism).
Japan is obviously high on their agenda to avenge since China has been brutally humiliated and even 'raped' by Japan and considers Japan as the main contender to China's supremacy in Asia. China has common ethnicity with many of the countries on the fringe of China's periphery like the Hmongs who inhabit the mountainous regions of China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. Hmong are also one of the sub-groups of the Miao ethnicity (苗族) in southern China. Then, the claim Arunachal of India claiming that they are of Tibetan origin and hence Tibetans. This theory is ripe ground to renew China's historical Han quest for empire building.
Therefore, China's 'peaceful rise' or otherwise is a threat to Asia.
Malaysia is a racially divided nation and Malaysians of Indian origin are not too well placed to influence Malaysian politics, majority being blue collar workers. On the other hand, the Malaysian Chinese are in a position to do so since they are Malaysia's economic Tsars. Therefore, hoping that Malaysia will enter the Indian sphere of influence may not be quite kosher. Indonesia, owing to strategic requirement and because of a dislike for the Chinese, will be more ready to align with India, provided India becomes either an economic or a military force to reckon with.
While it is immaterial what the US's position vis a vis China, it will be in the interest of all concerned in Asia to encourage the US to act as a counterbalance to China's hegemonic pursuits.
I think this article is the typical American hypocrisy. If my memory did not fail me, USA was threatening to go to war with Soviet when the later shipped missiles to her backdoor. Now when the American plays war game right at China's front door, she demands China to keep quiet.
Japan, a country refuses to say sorry for starting the Pacific war and killing millions of innocent Asian, is well known of aggressive with all her neighbors for lands including Korea, Russia and China. In the Chinese eyes, the American wrongly handed over Chinese islands to Japan at the end of the 2nd world war to comfort Japan for their misdeed of atomic bombing Japan. And the American did it at the time when China was too weak to say no.
Just imagine if China and Pakistan conduct war game right in front of India, would it be proper to request India to accept and remain silent?